EPPO Global Database

Citrus sinensis(CIDSI)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' (PHYPPH) Doubtful host
* Abbasi A, Hasanzadeh N Ghayeb Zamharir M, Tohidfar M (2019) Identification of a group 16SrIX ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ phytoplasma associated with sweet orange exhibiting decline symptoms in Iran. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 14, 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-019-0342-9
------- "related strain"
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.

* Shaw JG (1950) Hosts of the citrus blackfly in Mexico. United States Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. E-793, 3 pp.
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Korytkowski C, Ojeda-Pena D (1970) Especies del género Anastrepha Schiner 1968 en el nor-oeste Peruano. Revista Peruana de Entomologia (Lima) 11, 32-70.

* Malavasi A, Morgante JS, Zucchi RA (1980) Biologia de “moscas-das-frutas” (Diptera, Tephritidae). I: lista de hospedeiros e ocorrência. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40, 9–16.

* Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern Province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. In Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management, BA McPheron & GJ Steck (Eds.), pp. 343–345. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL.

* Salles LAB (1995) Bioecologia e controle da mosca-das-frutas sul-americana. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Clima Temperado, Pelotas. 58 pp.

* Wille TJE (1952) Entomología Agrícola del Perú. Dirección General de Agricultura, Lima, 543 pp.
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Anonymous (1966) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 16, 32, 83, 225, 469, 498, 525, 556, 589, 652, 683, 712, 738, 818, 888, 965, 980, 1034, 1118, 1158.

* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Seín F Jr (1933) Anastrepha (Trypetydae [sic], Diptera) fruit flies in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Department of  Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 17, 183-196.

* Stone A (1942) The fruitflies of the genus Anastrepha. United States Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication, 439, 112 pp.

* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV00) Host
* Song Z, Li Z, Liu K, Zhou CY (2015) Complete genome sequence analysis of two Citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV) isolates from China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 14(5), 984–987.
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Host
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).

* Malavasi A, Midgarden D, De Meyer M (2013) Bactrocera species that pose a threat to Florida: B. carambolae and B. invadens. In: Pena J (ed.) Potential invasive pests of agricultural crops. CABI, Wallingford (GB), 214-227.

* van Sauers-Muller A (2005) Host plants of the carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Suriname, South America. Neotropical Entomology 34, 203-214. 
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.

* Rasolofoarivao H, Raveloson Ravaomanarivo LH, Delatte H (2021) Host plant ranges of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Madagascar. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0007485321000511
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tsuneonis (DACUTS) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Saafan MH, Foda SM, Mohammed AA (2006) Ecological studies on fruit flies on different hosts at Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 84(2), 323-336.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Brevipalpus papayensis (BRVPPA) Host
Brevipalpus phoenicis sensu stricto (BRVPST) Host
Brevipalpus tucuman (BRVPTU) Host
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Braswell WE, Bauchan GR (2015) Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) – a closer look. Zootaxa 3944(1), 67 pp. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1

* Rodríguez-Ramírez R, Santillán-Galicia MT, Guzmán-Franco AW, Ortega-Arenas LD, Teliz-Ortiz D, Sánchez-Soto S, Robles-García PL (2019) Transmission of Citrus leprosis virus C by the mite, Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), on four species of Citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2569–2576, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz201
------- Confirmed host.
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (PHYPAS) Host
* Villalobos W, Coto-Morales T, Sandoval-Carvajal I, Garita L, Montero-Astúa M, Moreira L (2019) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’ host species in Costa Rica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 9(1) 21-22. DOI:10.5958/2249-4677.2019.00011.2
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=56
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Host
Ceratitis malgassa (CERTMA) Host
* Rasolofoarivao H, Raveloson Ravaomanarivo LH, Delatte H (2021) Host plant ranges of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Madagascar. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0007485321000511
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Host
* Moquet L, Payet J, Glenac S, Delatte H (2021) Niche shift of tephritid species after the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) invasion in La Réunion. Diversity and Distributions. 27(1), 109-129. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13172
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.

* Ülgentürk S, Ercan C, Yaşar B, Kaydan MB (2022) Checklist of Turkish Coccoidea (Hemiptera: Sternorryncha) species. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23(Special Issue), S113-S129. https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1123152
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus chlorotic dwarf associated virus (CCDAV0) Host
* Karanfil A, Korkmaz S (2019) Geographic distribution and molecular characterization of Turkish isolates of the citrus chlorotic dwarf-associated virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 3, 621–628.
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis disease (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus leprosis virus C (CILVC0) Host
* Rodríguez-Ramírez R, Santillán-Galicia MT, Guzmán-Franco AW, Ortega-Arenas LD, Teliz-Ortiz D, Sánchez-Soto S, Robles-García PL (2019) Transmission of Citrus leprosis virus C by the mite, Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), on four species of Citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2569–2576, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz201
------- confirmed host.
Citrus leprosis virus C2 (CILVC2) Host
* Roy A, Hartung JS, Schneider WL, Shao J, Leon G, Melzer MJ, Beard JJ, Otero-Colina G, Bauchan GR, Ochoa R, Brlansky RH (2015) Role bending: complex relationships between viruses, hosts, and vectors related to citrus leprosis, an emerging disease. Phytopathology 105(7), 1013-1025.
Citrus necrotic spot virus (CINSV0) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (CVEV00) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* Arzanlou M, Bakhshi M, Karimi K, Torbati M (2015) Multigene phylogeny reveals three new records of Colletotrichum spp. And several new host records for the mycobiota of Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 55(2), p. 198-211.
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Dematophora bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Host
* Alves GR, Diniz AJF, Parra JRP (2014) Biology of the huanglongbing vector Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae) on different host plants. Journal of economic entomology, 107(2), 691-696.
------- confirmed hos

* Aubert B (1990) Integrated activities for the control of huanglongbing-greening and its vector Diaphorina citri Kuwayama in Asia. In Proceedings of the Fourth FAO-UNDP International Asia Pacific Conference on Citrus Rehabilitation (Vol. 410, pp. 133-144).
------- confirmed hos

* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Dichorhavirus leprosis (CILVN0) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Drosophila suzukii (DROSSU) Host
* Walsh DB, Bolda MP, Goodhue RE, Dreves AJ, Lee J, Bruck DJ, Walton VM, O’Neil SD, Zalon FG (2011) Drosophila suzukii (Diptera; Drosophilidae): invasive pest of ripening soft fruit expanding its geographic range and damage potential. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(1), G1-G7
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Host
* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- Non-reproductive host.
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Hibiscus green spot virus 2 (HGSV20) Host
Hishimonus phycitis (HISHPH) Host
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Krugner R, Groves RL, Johnson MW, Flores AP, Hagler JR, Morse JG (2009) Seasonal population dynamics of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in sweet orange trees maintained under continuous deficit irrigation. Journal of Economic Entomology 102(3), 960-973.
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lissachatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Olivares N, Morales N, Luppichini P, Lopez E (2014) Oviposition of Naupactus cervinus (Boheman) and Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under laboratory conditions on orange fruit. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 74, 502-505.

* Ripa R (1992) Burrito de los frutales Naupactus xanthographus (Germar), INIA, La Cruz, Chile.
------- confirmed host.
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Plant-SyNZ. Landcare Research (NZ). Host plants of a herbivore -Oemona hirta. http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp). Last accessed 2021-06.
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: 

* Shaw BD, Christeller JT. 2009. Characterization of the proteases in the midgut of the xylophagous larvae of Oemona hirta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science (2009) 16, 381–386.Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
------- All types of citrus are attacked.
Ophiovirus citri (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Pantoea ananatis (ERWIAN) Host
 * Das AK, Kumar A, Nerkar S, Chichghare SA, Pali PG (2020) First report of Pantoea ananatis causing fruitlet blight of Nagpur mandarin (Citrus reticulata) in India. New Disease Reports 41, 5. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2020.041.005
------- Confirmed host.
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Penthimiola bella (PETHBE) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (DEUTTR) Host
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Peña JE, Baranowski RM, McMillan RT (1987) Prodiplosis longifila (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) a new pest of Citrus in Florida. The Florida Entomologist 70(4), 527-529.
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV000) Host
* Iwanami T, Kano T, Koizumi M, Watanabe Y (1991) Leaf blotch and stem mosaic symptoms in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) caused by a strain of satsuma dwarf virus (SDV). Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station 21, 75-83.
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
* Grafton-Cardwell EE, Morse JG, Haviland DR, Faber BA (2020) Citrus Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus thrips. UCIPM guidelines. https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/citrus/citrus-thrips/
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Host
* Ravelo EE, Vaca JU, Arévalo EP, Delgado L, Díaz MF, Piñeros L, Castro AP, Brochero H, Goldarazena A (2018) Presence and distribution of Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Colombia. Journal of Insect Science 18, 7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iey092
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (as Citrus) (SLENRU) Host
* Mound LA, Walker AK (1987) Thysanoptera as tropical tramps: new records from New Zealand and the Pacific. New Zealand Entomologist 9(1), 70-85.
------- adult on citrus leaves.
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
* Sagouti T, Belabess Z, Rhallabi N, Barka EA, Tahiri A, Lahlali R (2022) Citrus Stubborn Disease: current insights on an enigmatic problem prevailing in Citrus orchards. Microorganisms 10(1), 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10010183
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Mendonça RS, Navia D, Diniz IR, Flechtmann CHW (2011) South American spider mites: New hosts and localities. Journal of Insect Science 11:121 available online: insectscience.org/11.121
------- confirmed host in Mexico

* Horn TB,  Johann L, Ferla NJ (2011) Ecological interactions between phytophagous and predaceous mites in citrus agroecosystems in Taquari Valley, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 16: 133-144.
------- confirmed host in Brazil
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from citrus species in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Host
* Amaral AM, Carvalho SA, Silva LFC, Machado MA (2010) Reaction of genotypes of Citrus species and varieties to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Plant Pathology 92(2), 519-524.
------- Artificial inoculations studies.

* Das AK (2003) Citrus canker - A review. Journal of Applied Horticulture 5(1), 52-60.

* Gottwald TR, Graham JH, Schubert TS (2002) Citrus canker: The pathogen and its impact. Plant Health Progress. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2002-0812-01-RV

* Nawaz-Ul-Rehman MS, Iram Liaqat, Javeria Nehal, Adeel Riaz, Nazia Nahid, Iqbal MA, Nisar Ahmed, Ayesha Younus, Muhammad Mubin (2021) First report of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri causing citrus canker on grape fruit (Citrus paradisi), Washington Navel (Citrus sinensis), kaghzi limon (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle), lemon (Citrus limon) and pomelo (Citrus maxima) in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 58(4), 1373-1377.
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (ZAPRIN) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Zaprionus tuberculatus (ZAPRTU) Host
* Balmès V, Mouttet R (2019) The drosophilid risk on imports. EPPO Bulletin, 49: 122– 126. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12536
------- found in fruit at import
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Aceria sheldoni (ACEISH) Major host
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Major host
* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.

* Kapantaidaki DE, Antonatos S, Kontodimas D, Milonas P, Papachristos DP (2019) Presence of the invasive whitefly Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Greece. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 49(1), 127–131.
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major host
* Šimala M, Maja P, Masten Milek T, Markotić V, Arnaut P, Kajić Z, Marušić S, Kotlar A, Paladin Soče I (2020) FAUNA ŠTITASTIH MOLJACA (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) U NASADIMA AGRUMA. Fragmenta phytomedica 34, br. 5 (2020): 1-14. https://hrcak.srce.hr/241438
Alternaria citri (ALTECI) Major host
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Major host
* Aluja M (1984) Manejo integrado de las moscas de la fruta (Diptera: Tephritidae). Direccion General de Sanidad Vegetal, SARH, Mexico.

* Aluja M, Cabrera M, Rios E, Guillén J, Celedonio H, Hendrichs J, Liedo T (1987) A survey of the economically Important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) present in Chiapas and a few other fruit growing regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 70(3), 320-329.

* Aluja M, Diaz-Fleisher F, Arredondo J (2004) Non-host status of Persea americana ‘Hass’ to Anastrepha ludens, Anastrepha obliqua, Anastrepha serpentina, and Anastrepha striata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Mexico. Journal of Economic Entomology 97, 293-309.

* Aluja M, Guillen J, Liedo P, Cabrera M, Rios de la Rosa G, Celedonio H, Mota D (1990) Fruit infesting tephritids (Diptera: Tephritidae) and associated parasitoids in Chiapas, Mexico. Entomophaga 35, 39-48.

* Aluja M, Pinero J, Lopez M, Ruiz C, Zuniga A, Piedra E, Diza-Fleischer F, Sivinski J (2000) New host plant and distribution records in Mexico for Anastrepha spp., Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstacker, Rhagoletis zoqui Bush, Rhagoletis sp., and Hexachaeta sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 802–825.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Bush GL (1962) The cytotaxonomy of the larvae of some Mexican fruit flies in the genus Anastrepha (Tephritidae, Diptera). Psyche 69(3), 87-101.

* Eskafi FM (1988) Infestation of citrus by Anastrepha spp. and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high coastal plains of Guatemala. Environmental Entomology 17(1), 52-58.

* Eskafi FM (1990) Parasitism of fruit flies Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Guatemala. Entomophaga 35, 355-362.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.

* Hernández-Ortiz V, Delfin-Gonzalez H, Escalante-Tio A, Manrique-Saide P (2006) Hymenopteran parasitoids of Anastrepha fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared from different hosts in Yucatan, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 89, 508-515.

* Herrera AL (1900) El gusano de la naranja. Boletin de la Sociedad Agrícola Mexicana 14, 61-69.

* Isaac J (1905) Report on the Mexican orange worm (Trypeta ludens) in Mexico. California State Horticulture Communications 428, 7-48.

* Mangan RL, Thomas DB, Moreno AM (2011) Host status of grapefruit and Valencia oranges for Anastrepha serpentina and Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104(2), 388-397.

* McPhail M, Bliss I (1933) Observations of the Mexican fruitfly and some related species in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in 1928 and 1929. USDA Circular 255, 1-24.

* Sosa-Armenta JM, López-Martínez V, Alia-Tejacal I, Jiménez García D, Guillen-Sánchez D, Delfín-González H (2015) Hosts of five Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the State of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 98(3), 1000-1002.
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (AONDCI) Major host
Aphis citricidus (TOXOCI) Major host
* Blackman & Eastop (2021) Aphids on the World’s plants. An online identification and information guide. http://www.aphidsonworldsplants.info/ [last accessed in 2021-04].

* Singh G, Singh R (2017) Food plant records of Aphidini (Aphidinae: Aphididae: Hemiptera) in India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(2), 1280-1302.
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Major host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
------- Moderate to high incidence of the pest on this host in parts of China.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
Brevipalpus californicus (BRVPAU) Major host
* Salinas-Vargas D, Santillán-Galicia T, Guzmán-Franco AW, Hernández-López A, Ortega-Arenas LD, Mora-Aguilera, G (2016) Analysis of genetic variation in Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) populations from four species of citrus host plants. PLoS ONE 11, 10. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0164552
Brevipalpus lewisi (BRVPLE) Major host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Major host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.

* Shimwela MM, Narouei-Khandan HA, Halbert SE, Keremane M., Minsavage GV, Timilsina S, Massawe DP, Jones JB, van Bruggen AHC (2016) First occurrence of Diaphorina citri in East Africa, characterization of the Ca. Liberibacter species causing huanglongbing (HLB) in Tanzania, and potential further spread of D. citri and HLB in Africa and Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 146(2), 349-368. 
'Candidatus Liberibacter americanus' (LIBEAM) Major host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: A destructive, newly-emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88, 7-37.

* Lopes SA, Frare GF, Camargo LEA, Wulff NA, Teixeira DC, Bassanezi RB, Beattie GAC & Ayres AJ (2010) Liberibacters associated with orange jasmine in Brazil: incidence in urban areas and relatedness to citrus liberibacters. Plant Pathology 59, 1044-1053. 
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Major host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Kaipeng DL, Karmakar K, Ghosh S, Rahaman L, Nath N, Sharma BK (2017) Huanglongbing: causal disease for decline of Citrus reticulata and Citrus macroptera production in Tripura, Northeast Asia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99(1), 273-278.
------- Causing severe decline in Tripura on Citrus reticulata and C. macroptera.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Major host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Major host
* Al-Harthi SA, Al-Sadi AM, Al-Saady AA (2013) Potential of citrus budlings originating in the Middle East as sources of citrus viroids. Crop Protection 48, 13-15.
------- In Egypt and Syria.

* Cao MJ, Liu YQ, Wang XF, Yang FY, Zhou CY (2010) First report of Citrus bark cracking viroid and Citrus viroid V infecting citrus in China. Plant Disease 94(7), 922-922.
------- In China (Chongqing municipality, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, and Yunnan provinces).

* Cook G, van Vuuren SP, Breytenbach JHJ, Manicom BQ (2012) Citrus Viroid IV detected in Citrus sinensis and C. reticulata in South Africa. Plant Disease 96(5), 772-772.
------- In South Africa.

* Hashemian SB, Taheri H, Alian YM, Bové JM, Durán-Vila N (2013) Complex mixtures of viroids identified in the two main citrus growing areas of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 95, 647-654.
------- In Iran (Caspian Sea and Southern region).

* Kunta M, Da Graca JV, Skaria M (2007) Molecular detection and prevalence of citrus viroids in Texas. HortScience 42(3), 600-604.
------- In USA (Texas A&M University–Kingsville Citrus Center).

* Malfitano M, Barone M, Duran-Vila N, Alioto D (2005) Indexing of viroids in citrus orchards of Campania, Southern Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 87, 115-121.
------- In Italy (Campania).

* Mohamed ME, Hashemian SB, Dafalla G, Bové JM, Duran-Vila N (2009) Occurrence and identification of citrus viroids from Sudan. Journal of Plant Pathology 91, 185-190.
------- In Sudan (Khartoum area and Kassala area).

* Wang J, Boubourakas IN, Voloudakis AE, Agorastou T, Magripis G, Rucker TL, Kyriakopoulou PE, Vedalakis G (2013) Identification and characterization of known and novel viroid variants in the Greek national citrus germplasm collection: threats to the industry. European Journal of Plant Pathology 137(1), 17-27.
------- In Greece.
Citrus blight agent (CSB000) Major host
Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVD00) Major host
Citrus impietratura agent (CSI000) Major host
Citrus leprosis disease (CILV00) Major host
Citrus sudden death-associated virus (CSSD00) Major host
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV000) Major host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (CMBV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (CYPTCI) Major host
Dialeurodes citri (DIALCI) Major host
Diaporthe citri (DIAPCI) Major host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (DPREAB) Major host
Elsinoë australis (ELSIAU) Major host
* Bitancourt AA, Jenkins AE (1937) Sweet orange fruit scab caused by Elsinoë australis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 54, 1–18.

* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.

* Sivanesan A, Critchett C (1974) Elsinoë australis. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 440. CABI, Wallingford, UK.
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Major host
* McGregor EA (1943) A new spider mite on citrus in South-western California (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 45: 127-129.

* McGregor EA (1950) Mites of the family Tetranychidae. American Midland Naturalist, 44: 257-420.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Major host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Major host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Major host
Icerya aegyptiaca (ICERAE) Major host
Icerya purchasi (ICERPU) Major host
Icerya seychellarum (ICERSE) Major host
Leptoglossus australis (LEPLAU) Major host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Major host
Ophiovirus citri (CPSV00) Major host
Orchamoplatus mammaeferus (ORCMMA) Major host
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (PARYMI) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
* Krishnappa C, Dubey AK, Verma A,, Mahapatro GK (2021) Occurrence of exotic whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and other whitefly species on fruit crops in Maharashtra, India. 3 Biotech 11, p 264.

* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Parlatoria ziziphi (PARLZI) Major host
Pezothrips kellyanus (PEZTKE) Major host
Phyllocnistis citrella (PHYNCI) Major host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Major host
* Benson AH (1895. Black spot of the orange. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 6, 249.

* Kiely TB (1949) Black spot of citrus in New South Wales coastal orchards. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 60, 17-20.

* Glienke C, Pereira OL, Stringari D, Fabris J, Kava-Cordeiro V, Galli-Terasawa L, Cunnington J, Shivas RG, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2011) Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot. Persoonia 26, 47.

* Wager VA (1952) The black spot disease of citrus in South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Union of South Africa No. 303, 1-52.
Phytophthora citrophthora (PHYTCO) Major host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major host
* MacKay MR (1962) Larvae of the North American Tortricinae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist Supplement 28, 180 pp.
Prays citri (PRAYCI) Major host
Prays endocarpa (PRAYEN) Major host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (CERCAN) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Radopholus similis citrus race (RADOCI) Major host
Scirtothrips aurantii (SCITAU) Major host
* Rafter MA, Walter GH (2013) Mate recognition in the South African citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii (Faure) and cross-mating tests with populations from Australia and South Africa. Journal of Insect Behaviour, 26, 780-795
------- confirmed host. 

* Freebairn C (2008) South African citrus thrips in Australia – identity, pest status and control. Final Report: CT03022, Horticultural Australia Ltd., 202 pp.
------- good host in experiments.
Scirtothrips citri (SCITCI) Major host
* Mueller TG, Kahl HM, Cass BN, Grafton-Cardwell EE, Rosenheim JA (2019) Differential Impacts of Citrus Thrips Across Sweet Orange and Mandarin Species. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2767–2773, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz178
------- confirmed host
Septoria citri (SEPTCI) Major host
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Major host
* Khanchezar A, Izadpanah K, Taghavi M, Béven L (2022) Genetic diversity of strains of Spiroplasma citri isolated in southern Iran. European Journal of Plant Pathology 163(2), 381-392
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major host
* Newton PJ & Anderson T (1985) Crop loss due to false codling moth, Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and other factors, on different navel orange selections at Citrusdal. Information Bulletin, Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute, South Africa, 159: 22-24.

* Mkiga AM, Mohamed SA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S (2019) Field and laboratory performance of False Codling Moth, Thaumatotibia Leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Troticidae) on orange and selected vegetables. Insects 10(3), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030063
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major host
* Aidoo OF, Tanga CM, Mohamed SA,  Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Rwomushana I, Kimani J, Agyakwa AK, Salifu D, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) Distribution, degree of damage and risk of spread of Trioza erytreae (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in Kenya. Journal of applied entomology 143: 822– 833. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12668
------- confirmed host

* Aubert B (1987) Trioza erytreae Del Guercio and Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psylloidea), the two vectors of citrus greening disease: biological aspects and possible control strategies. Fruits, 42, 149-162.
------- confirmed host
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Unaspis citri (UNASCI) Major host
Unaspis yanonensis (UNASYA) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Major host