EPPO Global Database

Citrus sinensis(CIDSI)

Pests

Organism Type
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Achatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (as Citrus) (ALECWO) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Citrus) (ANSTFR) Host
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Anonymous (1966) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 16, 32, 83, 225, 469, 498, 525, 556, 589, 652, 683, 712, 738, 818, 888, 965, 980, 1034, 1118, 1158.

* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Seín F Jr (1933) Anastrepha (Trypetydae [sic], Diptera) fruit flies in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Department of  Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 17, 183-196.

* Stone A (1942) The fruitflies of the genus Anastrepha. United States Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication, 439, 112 pp.

* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Host
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).

* Malavasi A, Midgarden D, De Meyer M (2013) Bactrocera species that pose a threat to Florida: B. carambolae and B. invadens. In: Pena J (ed.) Potential invasive pests of agricultural crops. CABI, Wallingford (GB), 214-227.

* van Sauers-Muller A (2005) Host plants of the carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Suriname, South America. Neotropical Entomology 34, 203-214. 
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tsuneonis (DACUTS) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Saafan MH, Foda SM, Mohammed AA (2006) Ecological studies on fruit flies on different hosts at Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 84(2), 323-336.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Brevipalpus papayensis (BRVPPA) Host
Brevipalpus phoenicis sensu stricto (BRVPST) Host
Brevipalpus tucuman (BRVPTU) Host
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Braswell WE, Bauchan GR (2015) Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) – a closer look. Zootaxa 3944(1), 67 pp. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1

* Rodríguez-Ramírez R, Santillán-Galicia MT, Guzmán-Franco AW, Ortega-Arenas LD, Teliz-Ortiz D, Sánchez-Soto S, Robles-García PL (2019) Transmission of Citrus leprosis virus C by the mite, Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), on four species of Citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2569–2576, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz201
------- Confirmed host.
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (PHYPAS) Host
* Villalobos W, Coto-Morales T, Sandoval-Carvajal I, Garita L, Montero-Astúa M, Moreira L (2019) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’ host species in Costa Rica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 9(1) 21-22. DOI:10.5958/2249-4677.2019.00011.2
'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' (as Citrus) (PHYPAF) Host
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=56
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis N dichorhavirus (CILVN0) Host
Citrus leprosis virus C (CILVC0) Host
* Rodríguez-Ramírez R, Santillán-Galicia MT, Guzmán-Franco AW, Ortega-Arenas LD, Teliz-Ortiz D, Sánchez-Soto S, Robles-García PL (2019) Transmission of Citrus leprosis virus C by the mite, Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), on four species of Citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2569–2576, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz201
------- confirmed host.
Citrus leprosis virus C2 (CILVC2) Host
Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus necrotic spot virus (CINSV0) Host
Citrus psorosis ophiovirus (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV00) Host
Citrus tatter leaf virus (as Citrus) (CTLV00) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (CVEV00) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Host
* Alves GR, Diniz AJF, Parra JRP (2014) Biology of the huanglongbing vector Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae) on different host plants. Journal of economic entomology, 107(2), 691-696.
------- confirmed hos

* Aubert B (1990) Integrated activities for the control of huanglongbing-greening and its vector Diaphorina citri Kuwayama in Asia. In Proceedings of the Fourth FAO-UNDP International Asia Pacific Conference on Citrus Rehabilitation (Vol. 410, pp. 133-144).
------- confirmed hos

* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Drosophila suzukii (DROSSU) Host
* Walsh DB, Bolda MP, Goodhue RE, Dreves AJ, Lee J, Bruck DJ, Walton VM, O’Neil SD, Zalon FG (2011) Drosophila suzukii (Diptera; Drosophilidae): invasive pest of ripening soft fruit expanding its geographic range and damage potential. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(1), G1-G7
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Host
* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hibiscus green spot virus 2 (HGSV20) Host
Hishimonus phycitis (HISHPH) Host
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Krugner R, Groves RL, Johnson MW, Flores AP, Hagler JR, Morse JG (2009) Seasonal population dynamics of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in sweet orange trees maintained under continuous deficit irrigation. Journal of Economic Entomology 102(3), 960-973.
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Olivares N, Morales N, Luppichini P, Lopez E (2014) Oviposition of Naupactus cervinus (Boheman) and Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under laboratory conditions on orange fruit. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 74, 502-505.

* Ripa R (1992) Burrito de los frutales Naupactus xanthographus (Germar), INIA, La Cruz, Chile.
------- confirmed host.
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Pantoea ananatis (ERWIAN) Host
 * Das AK, Kumar A, Nerkar S, Chichghare SA, Pali PG (2020) First report of Pantoea ananatis causing fruitlet blight of Nagpur mandarin (Citrus reticulata) in India. New Disease Reports 41, 5. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2020.041.005
------- Confirmed host.
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Penthimiola bella (PETHBE) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (as Citrus) (PHMPOM) Host
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Platynota stultana (as Citrus) (PLAAST) Host
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (DEUTTR) Host
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rosellinia bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV000) Host
Satsuma dwarf virus (as Citrus) (SDV000) Host
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Host
* Ravelo EE, Vaca JU, Arévalo EP, Delgado L, Díaz MF, Piñeros L, Castro AP, Brochero H, Goldarazena A (2018) Presence and distribution of Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Colombia. Journal of Insect Science 18, 7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iey092
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Mendonça RS, Navia D, Diniz IR, Flechtmann CHW (2011) South American spider mites: New hosts and localities. Journal of Insect Science 11:121 available online: insectscience.org/11.121
------- confirmed host in Mexico

* Horn TB,  Johann L, Ferla NJ (2011) Ecological interactions between phytophagous and predaceous mites in citrus agroecosystems in Taquari Valley, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 16: 133-144.
------- confirmed host in Brazil
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Toxoptera citricidus (TOXOCI) Host
* Blackman & Eastop (2021) Aphids on the World’s plants. An online identification and information guide. http://www.aphidsonworldsplants.info/ [last accessed in 2021-04].
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Citrus) (XANTCI) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (ZAPRIN) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Zaprionus tuberculatus (ZAPRTU) Host
* Balmès V, Mouttet R (2019) The drosophilid risk on imports. EPPO Bulletin, 49: 122– 126. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12536
------- found in fruit at import
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Aceria sheldoni (ACEISH) Major host
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Major host
* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.

* Kapantaidaki DE, Antonatos S, Kontodimas D, Milonas P, Papachristos DP (2019) Presence of the invasive whitefly Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Greece. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 49(1), 127–131.
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major host
Alternaria citri (ALTECI) Major host
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Major host
* Aluja M (1984) Manejo integrado de las moscas de la fruta (Diptera: Tephritidae). Direccion General de Sanidad Vegetal, SARH, Mexico.

* Aluja M, Cabrera M, Rios E, Guillén J, Celedonio H, Hendrichs J, Liedo T (1987) A survey of the economically Important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) present in Chiapas and a few other fruit growing regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 70(3), 320-329.

* Aluja M, Diaz-Fleisher F, Arredondo J (2004) Non-host status of Persea americana ‘Hass’ to Anastrepha ludens, Anastrepha obliqua, Anastrepha serpentina, and Anastrepha striata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Mexico. Journal of Economic Entomology 97, 293-309.

* Aluja M, Guillen J, Liedo P, Cabrera M, Rios de la Rosa G, Celedonio H, Mota D (1990) Fruit infesting tephritids (Diptera: Tephritidae) and associated parasitoids in Chiapas, Mexico. Entomophaga 35, 39-48.

* Aluja M, Pinero J, Lopez M, Ruiz C, Zuniga A, Piedra E, Diza-Fleischer F, Sivinski J (2000) New host plant and distribution records in Mexico for Anastrepha spp., Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstacker, Rhagoletis zoqui Bush, Rhagoletis sp., and Hexachaeta sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 802–825.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Bush GL (1962) The cytotaxonomy of the larvae of some Mexican fruit flies in the genus Anastrepha (Tephritidae, Diptera). Psyche 69(3), 87-101.

* Eskafi FM (1988) Infestation of citrus by Anastrepha spp. and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high coastal plains of Guatemala. Environmental Entomology 17(1), 52-58.

* Eskafi FM (1990) Parasitism of fruit flies Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Guatemala. Entomophaga 35, 355-362.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.

* Hernández-Ortiz V, Delfin-Gonzalez H, Escalante-Tio A, Manrique-Saide P (2006) Hymenopteran parasitoids of Anastrepha fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared from different hosts in Yucatan, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 89, 508-515.

* Herrera AL (1900) El gusano de la naranja. Boletin de la Sociedad Agrícola Mexicana 14, 61-69.

* Isaac J (1905) Report on the Mexican orange worm (Trypeta ludens) in Mexico. California State Horticulture Communications 428, 7-48.

* Mangan RL, Thomas DB, Moreno AM (2011) Host status of grapefruit and Valencia oranges for Anastrepha serpentina and Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104(2), 388-397.

* McPhail M, Bliss I (1933) Observations of the Mexican fruitfly and some related species in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in 1928 and 1929. USDA Circular 255, 1-24.

* Sosa-Armenta JM, López-Martínez V, Alia-Tejacal I, Jiménez García D, Guillen-Sánchez D, Delfín-González H (2015) Hosts of five Anastrepha species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the State of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 98(3), 1000-1002.
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (AONDCI) Major host
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Major host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
------- Moderate to high incidence of the pest on this host in parts of China.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
Brevipalpus californicus (BRVPAU) Major host
* Salinas-Vargas D, Santillán-Galicia T, Guzmán-Franco AW, Hernández-López A, Ortega-Arenas LD, Mora-Aguilera, G (2016) Analysis of genetic variation in Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) populations from four species of citrus host plants. PLoS ONE 11, 10. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0164552
Brevipalpus lewisi (BRVPLE) Major host
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Major host
'Candidatus Liberibacter americanus' (LIBEAM) Major host
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Major host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Kaipeng DL, Karmakar K, Ghosh S, Rahaman L, Nath N, Sharma BK (2017) Huanglongbing: causal disease for decline of Citrus reticulata and Citrus macroptera production in Tripura, Northeast Asia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99(1), 273-278.
------- Causing severe decline in Tripura on Citrus reticulata and C. macroptera.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Major host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Major host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (as Citrus) (CBCVD0) Major host
Citrus blight agent (CSB000) Major host
Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVD00) Major host
Citrus impietratura agent (CSI000) Major host
Citrus leaf blotch virus (as Citrus) (CLBV00) Major host
Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato (CILV00) Major host
Citrus psorosis ophiovirus (CPSV00) Major host
Citrus sudden death-associated virus (CSSD00) Major host
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV000) Major host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (CMBV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Major host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major host
Cryptosporiopsis citri (CYPTCI) Major host
Dialeurodes citri (DIALCI) Major host
Diaporthe citri (DIAPCI) Major host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (DPREAB) Major host
Elsinoë australis (ELSIAU) Major host
* Bitancourt AA, Jenkins AE (1937) Sweet orange fruit scab caused by Elsinoë australis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 54, 1–18.

* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.

* Sivanesan A, Critchett C (1974) Elsinoë australis. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 440. CABI, Wallingford, UK.
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Major host
* McGregor EA (1943) A new spider mite on citrus in South-western California (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 45: 127-129.

* McGregor EA (1950) Mites of the family Tetranychidae. American Midland Naturalist, 44: 257-420.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Major host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Major host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Major host
Icerya aegyptiaca (ICERAE) Major host
Icerya purchasi (ICERPU) Major host
Icerya seychellarum (ICERSE) Major host
Leptoglossus australis (LEPLAU) Major host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Major host
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Major host
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Major host
Orchamoplatus mammaeferus (ORCMMA) Major host
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (PARYMI) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
Parlatoria ziziphi (PARLZI) Major host
Pezothrips kellyanus (PEZTKE) Major host
Phyllocnistis citrella (PHYNCI) Major host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Major host
* Benson AH (1895. Black spot of the orange. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 6, 249.

* Kiely TB (1949) Black spot of citrus in New South Wales coastal orchards. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 60, 17-20.

* Glienke C, Pereira OL, Stringari D, Fabris J, Kava-Cordeiro V, Galli-Terasawa L, Cunnington J, Shivas RG, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2011) Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot. Persoonia 26, 47.

* Wager VA (1952) The black spot disease of citrus in South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Union of South Africa No. 303, 1-52.
Phytophthora citrophthora (PHYTCO) Major host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major host
Prays citri (PRAYCI) Major host
Prays endocarpa (PRAYEN) Major host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (CERCAN) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Radopholus similis citrus race (RADOCI) Major host
Scirtothrips aurantii (SCITAU) Major host
* Rafter MA, Walter GH (2013) Mate recognition in the South African citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii (Faure) and cross-mating tests with populations from Australia and South Africa. Journal of Insect Behaviour, 26, 780-795
------- confirmed host. 

* Freebairn C (2008) South African citrus thrips in Australia – identity, pest status and control. Final Report: CT03022, Horticultural Australia Ltd., 202 pp.
------- good host in experiments.
Scirtothrips citri (SCITCI) Major host
* Mueller TG, Kahl HM, Cass BN, Grafton-Cardwell EE, Rosenheim JA (2019) Differential Impacts of Citrus Thrips Across Sweet Orange and Mandarin Species. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2767–2773, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz178
------- confirmed host
Septoria citri (SEPTCI) Major host
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Major host
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major host
* Newton PJ & Anderson T (1985) Crop loss due to false codling moth, Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and other factors, on different navel orange selections at Citrusdal. Information Bulletin, Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute, South Africa, 159: 22-24.

* Mkiga AM, Mohamed SA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S (2019) Field and laboratory performance of False Codling Moth, Thaumatotibia Leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Troticidae) on orange and selected vegetables. Insects 10(3), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030063
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major host
* Aidoo OF, Tanga CM, Mohamed SA,  Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Rwomushana I, Kimani J, Agyakwa AK, Salifu D, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) Distribution, degree of damage and risk of spread of Trioza erytreae (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in Kenya. Journal of applied entomology 143: 822– 833. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12668
------- confirmed host

* Aubert B (1987) Trioza erytreae Del Guercio and Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psylloidea), the two vectors of citrus greening disease: biological aspects and possible control strategies. Fruits, 42, 149-162.
------- confirmed host
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Unaspis citri (UNASCI) Major host
Unaspis yanonensis (UNASYA) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Major host