EPPO Global Database

Citrus paradisi(CIDPA)


Organism Type
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Doubtful host
* Manrakhan A, Grout TG, Grove T, Daneel JH, Stephen PR, Weldon CW, De Meyer M, Carstens E, Hattingh V (2020) A survey of Ceratitis quinaria (Bezzi)(Diptera: Tephritidae) in citrus production areas in South Africa. African Entomology 28(1), 35-43.
------- no confirmed rearing of C. quinaria on Citrus.
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Experimental
Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV000) Experimental
* Tanaka H, Yamada S (1972) Evidence for a relationship among the viruses of Satsuma dwarf, Citrus mosaic, Navel-infectious-mottling, Natsudaidai dwarf, Citrus variegation, and Citrus crinkly leaf. Proceedings of IOCV Conference (1957-2010) 5(5). Available at https://escholarship.org/uc/item/06r075vn
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
* Shaw JG (1950) Hosts of the citrus blackfly in Mexico. United States Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. E-793, 3 pp.
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Host
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Caraballo CJ (1981) Las moscas de frutas del género Anastrepha Schiner, 1868 (Diptera: Tephritidae) de Venezuela. MSc Dissertation, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Maracay, 210 p.

* Nasca AJ, Zamora JA, Vergara LE, Jaldo HE (1996) Hospederos de moscas de los frutos en el Valle de Antinaco-Los Colorados, Provincia de La Rioja, República Argentina. Revista de Investigación 10, 19–24.

* Ovruski S, Schliserman P, Aluja M (2003) Native and introduced host plants of Anastrepha fraterculus and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northwestern Argentina. Journal of Economic Entomology 96, 1108–1118.

* Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern Province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. In Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management, BA McPheron & GJ Steck (Eds.), pp. 343–345. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL.

* Wille TJE (1952) Entomología Agrícola del Perú. Dirección General de Agricultura, Lima, 543 pp.
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Host
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Host
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Host
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Host
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Anonymous (1966) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 16, 32, 83, 225, 469, 498, 525, 556, 589, 652, 683, 712, 738, 818, 888, 965, 980, 1034, 1118, 1158.

* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Boykin LM. Shatters RG, Jr, Hall DG, Burns RE, Franqui RA (2006) Analysis of host preference and geographical distribution of Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae) using phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA sequence data. Bulletin of Entomological Research 96, 457-469.

* Ibrahim R (1980) Fruit flies of Florida. Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, 356 pp.

* McAlister LC, Jr, McCubbin WA, Pfaffman GA, Owrey WT, Taylor HG, Berryhill IW (1941) A study of the adult populations of the West Indian fruitfly in citrus plantings in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico Exp. Stn. Bull. 41, 16 pp.

* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Host
Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV00) Host
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI., Hamacek EL., Hancock DL., Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology suppl 7, 1-92. 

* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).

* van Sauers-Muller A (2005) Host plants of the carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Suriname, South America. Neotropical Entomology 34, 203-214.
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Host
Bactrocera curvipennis (DACUCR) Host
* Leblanc L (2022) The dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) of Oceania. Insecta Mundi 0948, 1-167. https://journals.flvc.org/mundi/article/view/131965/135549
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Goergen G, Vayssières JF, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M (2011) Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the Afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa. Environmental Entomology 40(4), 844-854.
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Host
* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera passiflorae (BCTRPA) Host
* Leblanc L (2022) The dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) of Oceania. Insecta Mundi 0948, 1-167. https://journals.flvc.org/mundi/article/view/131965/135549.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Host
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Host
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Saafan MH, Foda SM, Mohammed AA (2006) Ecological studies on fruit flies on different hosts at Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 84(2), 323-336.
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Host
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Host
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Host
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Host
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Salinas-Vargas D, Santillán-Galicia T, Guzmán-Franco AW, Hernández-López A, Ortega-Arenas LD, Mora-Aguilera, G (2016) Analysis of genetic variation in Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) populations from four species of citrus host plants. PLoS ONE 11, 10. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0164552
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Hoffman MT, Doud MS, Williams L, Zhang MQ, Ding F, Stover E, Hall D, Zhang S, Jones L, Gooch M, Fleites L (2013) Heat treatment eliminates ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from infected citrus trees under controlled conditions. Phytopathology 103(1), 15-22.
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (PHYPAS) Host
* Villalobos W, Coto-Morales T, Sandoval-Carvajal I, Garita L, Montero-Astúa M, Moreira L (2019) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’ host species in Costa Rica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 9(1) 21-22. DOI:10.5958/2249-4677.2019.00011.2
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Host
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=56
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Liquido NJ, Cunnigham RT, Nakagawa S (1990) Host plants of Mediterranean fruit fly on the island of Hawaii (1949-1985 survey). Journal of Economic Entomology 83(5),  1863-1878,
Ceratitis malgassa (CERTMA) Host
* Rasolofoarivao H, Raveloson Ravaomanarivo LH, Delatte H (2021) Host plant ranges of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Madagascar. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0007485321000511
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Host
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Host
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Host
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Host
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Host
* Stathas GJ, Kartsonas ED, Darras AI, Skouras PJ (2021) Scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) and their natural enemies, recorded on agricultural, ornamental and forest plant species in the wider area of Messenian Province (Peloponnese, Greece), 2000–2020. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 14(2), 47-64.
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Host
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Host
Citrus chlorotic dwarf associated virus (CCDAV0) Host
* Karanfil A, Korkmaz S (2019) Geographic distribution and molecular characterization of Turkish isolates of the citrus chlorotic dwarf-associated virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 3, 621–628.
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Host
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Host
Citrus leprosis disease (as Citrus) (CILV00) Host
Citrus leprosis virus C (CILVC0) Host
* Rodríguez-Ramírez R, Santillán-Galicia MT, Guzmán-Franco AW, Ortega-Arenas LD, Teliz-Ortiz D, Sánchez-Soto S, Robles-García PL (2019) Transmission of Citrus leprosis virus C by the mite, Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), on four species of Citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112(6), 2569–2576, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz201
------- confirmed host.
Citrus necrotic spot virus (CINSV0) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV000) Host
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Host
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Host
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Host
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Host
* Liu C, Liu H, Hurst J, Timko MP, Zhou C (2020) Recent advances on citrus yellow vein clearing virus in Citrus. Horticultural Plant Journal 6(4), 216-222. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2468014120300431
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* EFSA PLH Panel (EFSA Panel on Plant Health), Bragard C, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques M-A, Jaques Miret JA, Justesen AF, MacLeod A, Magnusson CS, Milonas P, Navas-Cortes JA, Parnell S, Potting R, Thulke H-H, Van der Werf W, Civera AV, Yuen J, Zappala L,  Migheli Q, Vloutoglou I, Campese C, Maiorano A, Streissl F, Reignault PL (2021) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Colletotrichum fructicola. EFSA Journal 19(8), 6803, 41 pp
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Host
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Host
* Korashy MA (2001) Seasonal fluctuation in the population of Cryptoblabes gnidiella Millar in mango, grapevine and citrus orchards. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 79(4), 1379-1385.
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Host
Dematophora bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Host
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Host
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Host
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Host
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Host
Dichorhavirus leprosis (CILVN0) Host
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Host
Elsinoë australis (ELSIAU) Host
* Sivanesan A, Critchett C (1974) Elsinoë australis. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 440. CABI, Wallingford, UK.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Host
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Host
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Host
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Host
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hishimonus phycitis (HISHPH) Host
* Bella S, Aguin-Pombo D, Aguiar AM, Kunz G, Miralles-Nunez A, Foster S, Sanchez-Garcia I, Wilson MR, D’Urso VE (2022) Discovery of Hishimonus diffractus Dai, Fletcher & Zhang, 2013 (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) in Europe, with remarks on previously recorded species of the genus. Zootaxa 5159(4), 558-570.
------- Oviposition and nymphal development.
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Host
* Semancik JS, Roistacher CN, Rivera‐Bustamante R, Duran‐Vila N (1988) Citrus cachexia viroid, a new viroid of citrus: relationship to viroids of the exocortis disease complex. Journal of General Virology, 69, 3059–3068.
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Host
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Host
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Host
Lissachatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Host
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Host
Necator salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Host
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Host
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: 

* Shaw BD, Christeller JT. 2009. Characterization of the proteases in the midgut of the xylophagous larvae of Oemona hirta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science (2009) 16, 381–386.Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
------- All types of citrus are attacked.
Ophiovirus citri (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Host
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Host
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Host
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Host
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Host
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Host
Penthimiola bella (PETHBE) Host
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Host
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Host
* Brodrick HT (1969) Physiological studies with Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. DSc.Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Host
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Host
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Host
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Host
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (DEUTTR) Host
Pochazia shantungensis (as Citrus) (POCZSH) Host
* Stroiński A, Balderi M, Marraccini D, Mazza G (2022) First records of Pochazia shantungensis (Chou & Lu, 1977) (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Ricaniidae) in Italy. Zootaxa 5188 (3), 275–282, https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5188.3.4
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Host
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Host
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Host
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Host
Scirtothrips aurantii (SCITAU) Host
* Freebairn C (2008) South African citrus thrips in Australia – identity, pest status and control. Final Report: CT03022, Horticultural Australia Ltd., 202 pp.
------- not prefered host in experiments.
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Host
* Gilbert MJ (1990) Relative population levels of citrus thrips Scirtothrips aurantii on commercial citrus and adjacent bush. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 72-76.
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Host
* Grafton-Cardwell EE, Morse JG, Haviland DR, Faber BA (2020) Citrus Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus thrips. UCIPM guidelines. https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/citrus/citrus-thrips/
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Host
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (as Citrus) (SLENRU) Host
* Mound LA, Walker AK (1987) Thysanoptera as tropical tramps: new records from New Zealand and the Pacific. New Zealand Entomologist 9(1), 70-85.
------- adult on citrus leaves.
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Host
* Sagouti T, Belabess Z, Rhallabi N, Barka EA, Tahiri A, Lahlali R (2022) Citrus Stubborn Disease: current insights on an enigmatic problem prevailing in Citrus orchards. Microorganisms 10(1), 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10010183
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Migeon A & Dorkeld F (2019). Spider Mites Web. A comprehensive database for the Tetranychidae.
http://www.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP/spmweb [accessed September 2019]
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Host
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from citrus species in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Host
Thrips palmi (as Citrus) (THRIPL) Host
* Seal DR (2004) Management of melon thrips, Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae): an integrated approach using chemical, cultural, and biological agents. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 117, 63-68.
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Host
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Host
Unaspis citri (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Host
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Host
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Host
Aceria sheldoni (ACEISH) Major host
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major host
Alternaria citri (ALTECI) Major host
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Major host
* Aluja M, Cabrera M, Rios E, Guillén J, Celedonio H, Hendrichs J, Liedo T (1987) A survey of the economically Important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) present in Chiapas and a few other fruit growing regions in Mexico. Florida Entomologist 70(3), 320-329.

* Aluja M, Diaz-Fleisher F, Arredondo J (2004) Non-host status of Persea americana ‘Hass’ to Anastrepha ludens, Anastrepha obliqua, Anastrepha serpentina, and Anastrepha striata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Mexico. Journal of Economic Entomology 97, 293-309.

* Aluja M, Pinero J, Lopez M, Ruiz C, Zuniga A, Piedra E, Diza-Fleischer F, Sivinski J (2000) New host plant and distribution records in Mexico for Anastrepha spp., Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstacker, Rhagoletis zoqui Bush, Rhagoletis sp., and Hexachaeta sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 802–825.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Birke A, Aluja M (2011) Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha serpentina (Diptera: Tephritidae) do not infest Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), but Anastrepha obliqua occasionally shares this resource with Anastrepha striata in nature. Journal of Economic Entomology 104, 1204–1211.

* Bush GL (1962) The cytotaxonomy of the larvae of some Mexican fruit flies in the genus Anastrepha (Tephritidae, Diptera). Psyche 69(3), 87-101.

* Eskafi FM (1988) Infestation of citrus by Anastrepha spp. and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high coastal plains of Guatemala. Environmental Entomology 17(1), 52-58.

* Eskafi FM (1990) Parasitism of fruit flies Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Guatemala. Entomophaga 35, 355-362

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.

* Greene CT (1934) A revision of the genus Anastrepha based on a study of the wings and on the length of the oviposition sheath (Diptera: Trypetidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 36, 127-179.

* Hernández-Ortiz V, Delfin-Gonzalez H, Escalante-Tio A, Manrique-Saide P (2006) Hymenopteran parasitoids of Anastrepha fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared from different hosts in Yucatan, Mexico. Florida Entomologist 89, 508-515.

* Mackie DB (1928) An investigation of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), in the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. Monthly Bulletin of the California Department of Agriculture 17, 295-323.

* Mangan RL, Thomas DB, Moreno AM (2011) Host status of grapefruit and Valencia oranges for Anastrepha serpentina and Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104(2), 388-397.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (AONDCI) Major host
Aphis citricidus (TOXOCI) Major host
* Singh G, Singh R (2017) Food plant records of Aphidini (Aphidinae: Aphididae: Hemiptera) in India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(2), 1280-1302.

* Tsai JH (1988) Development, survivorship, and reproduction of Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy) (Homoptera: Aphididae) on eight host plants. Environmental Entomology 27(5), 1190-1195.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
Brevipalpus californicus (BRVPAU) Major host
* Salinas-Vargas D, Santillán-Galicia T, Guzmán-Franco AW, Hernández-López A, Ortega-Arenas LD, Mora-Aguilera, G (2016) Analysis of genetic variation in Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) populations from four species of citrus host plants. PLoS ONE 11, 10. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0164552
Brevipalpus lewisi (BRVPLE) Major host
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Major host
* Al-Harthi SA, Al-Sadi AM, Al-Saady AA (2013) Potential of citrus budlings originating in the Middle East as sources of citrus viroids. Crop Protection 48, 13-15.
------- In Syria.

* Hashemian SB, Taheri H, Alian YM, Bové JM, Durán-Vila N (2013) Complex mixtures of viroids identified in the two main citrus growing areas of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 95, 647-654.
------- In Iran (Caspian Sea).

* Mohamed ME, Hashemian SB, Dafalla G, Bové JM, Duran-Vila N (2009) Occurrence and identification of citrus viroids from Sudan. Journal of Plant Pathology 91, 185-190.
------- In Sudan (Khartoum area and Kassala area).

* Velázquez K, Soto M, Pérez R, Pérez JM, Rodríguez D, Duran-Vila N (2002) Biological and molecular characterization of two isolates of citrus viroids recovered from Cuban plantations. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Organization of Citrus Virologists Conference 15(15), 258-263.
------- In Cuba.
Citrus blight agent (CSB000) Major host
Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVD00) Major host
Citrus impietratura agent (CSI000) Major host
Citrus leprosis disease (CILV00) Major host
Dialeurodes citri (DIALCI) Major host
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Major host
* Tsai JH, Liu YH (2000) Biology of Diaphorina citri (Homoptera: Psyllidae) on four host plants. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93(6), 1721-1725.
------- confirmed hos

* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host
Diaporthe citri (DIAPCI) Major host
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Major host
* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Major host
* Doucette C (1962) The Lewis mite, Eotetranychus lewisi, on greenhouse poinsettia. Journal of Economic Entomology, 55: 139-140.
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Major host
* Lima AM da C (1945) Insetos do Brasil 5° Tomo Lepidópteros parte 1. Escola Nacional de Agronomia, Série Didática, (7), 470. Retrieved from http://www.acervodigital.ufrrj.br/insetos/insetos.htm
------- confirmed host
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Major host
* Vamenani R, Rahimian H, Alavi SM, Babaeizad V (2014) Detection of Hop stunt viroid in lemon, sweet lime, Clementine and Satsuma mandarins and grapefruit trees in Mazandaran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology,50(2), p 105.
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Major host
Ophiovirus citri (CPSV00) Major host
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (PARYMI) Major host
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major host
* Krishnappa C, Dubey AK, Verma A,, Mahapatro GK (2021) Occurrence of exotic whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei Iaccarino (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and other whitefly species on fruit crops in Maharashtra, India. 3 Biotech 11, p 264.

* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Parlatoria ziziphi (PARLZI) Major host
Pezothrips kellyanus (PEZTKE) Major host
Prays citri (PRAYCI) Major host
Pseudocercospora angolensis (CERCAN) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major host
Radopholus similis citrus race (RADOCI) Major host
Scirtothrips citri (SCITCI) Major host
* Tanigoshi LK and Nishio-Wong JY, 1982. Citrus thrips: biology, ecology, and control. US Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1668, 17 pp.
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Major host
* Khanchezar A, Izadpanah K, Taghavi M, Béven L (2022) Genetic diversity of strains of Spiroplasma citri isolated in southern Iran. European Journal of Plant Pathology 163(2), 381-392
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major host
* Malan AP,  von Diest JI, Moore SD,  Addison P (2018) Control Options for False Codling Moth, Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in South Africa, With Emphasis on the Potential Use of Entomopathogenic Nematodes and Fungi. African Entomology, 26(1), 14-29
------- grapefruit tend to show less susceptibility than navel oranges.
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major host
* Aubert B (1987) Trioza erytreae Del Guercio and Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Homoptera: Psylloidea), the two vectors of citrus greening disease: biological aspects and possible control strategies. Fruits, 42, 149-162.
------- confirmed host.
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major host
Unaspis yanonensis (UNASYA) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major host
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Major host
* Amaral AM, Carvalho SA, Silva LFC, Machado MA (2010) Reaction of genotypes of Citrus species and varieties to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Plant Pathology 92(2), 519-524.
------- Artificial inoculations studies.

* Das AK (2003) Citrus canker - A review. Journal of Applied Horticulture 5(1), 52-60.

* Gottwald TR, Graham JH, Schubert TS (2002) Citrus canker: The pathogen and its impact. Plant Health Progress. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2002-0812-01-RV

* Licciardello G, Caruso P, Bella P, Boyer C, Smith MW, Pruvost O, Robene I, Cubero J, Catara V (2022) Pathotyping citrus ornamental relatives with Xanthomonas citri pv. citri and X. citri pv. aurantifolii refines our understanding of their susceptibility to these pathogens. Microorganisms 10, 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10050986
------- Artificial inoculations studies.

* Nawaz-Ul-Rehman MS, Iram Liaqat, Javeria Nehal, Adeel Riaz, Nazia Nahid, Iqbal MA, Nisar Ahmed, Ayesha Younus, Muhammad Mubin (2021) First report of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri causing citrus canker on grape fruit (Citrus paradisi), Washington Navel (Citrus sinensis), kaghzi limon (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle), lemon (Citrus limon) and pomelo (Citrus maxima) in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 58(4), 1373-1377.