EPPO Global Database

Chrysanthemum x morifolium(CHYHO)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' (PHYPPH) Doubtful host
* Bayat H,  Verhoeven JThJ, Botermans M, Peters D, Hassani-Mehraban A (2013) First report of a 16SrIX Group ('Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium'-related) phytoplasma associated with a Chrysanthemum disease. Plant Disease 97, 1110.
------- related strain.
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Experimental
* Semancik JS, Vidalakis G (2005) The question of Citrus viroid IV as a Cocadviroid. Archives of Virology 150(6), 1059-1067.
------- As Chrysanthemum × morifolium,
Ceratothripoides brunneus (as Chrysanthemum) (CRTZBR) Host
Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (as Chrysanthemum) (CSVD00) Host
* Gobatto D, Araújo de Oliveira L, Andrade de Siqueira Franco D, Velásquez N, Daròs J-A, Eiras M (2019) Surveys in the chrysanthemum production areas of Brazil and Colombia reveal that weeds are potential reservoirs of Chrysanthemum stunt viroid. Viruses 11, 355. doi:10.3390/v11040355
------- As Dendranthema.
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (CHRXER) Host
Dickeya dianthicola (ERWICD) Host
* Parkinson N, Stead D, Bew J, Heeney J, Tsror L & Elphinstone J (2009) Dickeya species relatedness and clade structure determined by comparison of recA sequences. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 59, 2388–2393.
Epichoristodes acerbella (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (TORTPO) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Sreedhar M, Vasudha A, Syed kujus (2020) Insect-pests complex studies on Chrysanthemum in Pantnagar region. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 8(2), 1644-1646.
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Chen W, Leopold RA, Boetel AM (2010) Host plant effects on development and reproduction of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Environmental Entomology 39(5), 1545-1553.
------- Sustain life cycle.
Iris yellow spot virus (as Chrysanthemum) (IYSV00) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (as Chrysanthemum) (LIRIHU) Host
* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: Surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.

* Weintraub PG, Horowitz AR (1995) The newest leafminer pest in Israel, Liriomyza huidobrensis. Phytoparasitica 23, 177-184.
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Poe SL, Green JL, Shih CI (1976) Cultural practices affect damage to Chrysanthemum by Liriomyza sativae Blanchard. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 89, 299-301.

* Velez AR, Madrigal CA, Morales SG (1980) Manejo del minador del crisantemo en cultivos de exportacion en el Oriente Antioqueno. Revista Colombiana de Entomologia 6(1/2), 37-42.
Liriomyza trifolii (as Chrysanthemum) (LIRITR) Host
* Capinera JL (2001, revised 2017). Featured Creatures: American serpentine leafminer. https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/leaf/a_serpentine_leafminer.htm
Nemorimyza maculosa (as Chrysanthemum) (AMAZMA) Host
* Eiseman CS, Lonsdale O (2018) New State and Host Records for Agromyzidae (Diptera) in the United States, with the Description of Thirty New Species. Zootaxa 4479(1), 1-156.
------- as Chrysanthemum sp. (cultivated species)

* Frick KE (1959) Synopsis of the species of agromyzid leaf miners described from North America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 108, 347-465.
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
* Ülgentürk S, Ercan C, Yaşar B, Kaydan MB (2022) Checklist of Turkish Coccoidea (Hemiptera: Sternorryncha) species. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23(Special Issue), S113-S129. https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1123152
Phenacoccus solenopsis (as Chrysanthemum) (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view

* Nelson RH (1936) Observations on the life history of Platynota stultana Wlsm. on greenhouse rose. Journal of Economic Entomology 29, 306–312.
Puccinia horiana (as Chrysanthemum) (PUCCHN) Host
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (as Chrysanthemum) (SPODLI) Host
* Baker C, Miller G (1974) Some effects of temperature and larval food on the development of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lep., Noctuidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 63(3), 495-511.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Quimbayo N, Serna F, Olivares TS, Angulo AO (2010) Nóctuidos (Lepidoptera) en cultivos de flores colombianas. Revista Colombiana de Entomología 36(1), 38-46.
Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV0) Host
* Yan KR, Zhang YH, Yang CB, Ma CN, He BW, Mao BZ (2020) First report of sweet potato feathery mottle virus infecting Chrysanthemum morifolium in China. Plant Disease 104(12), 3273. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-10-19-2156-PDN
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Seal DR (2004) Management of melon thrips, Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae): an integrated approach using chemical, cultural, and biological agents. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 117, 63-68.
Thrips palmi (as Chrysanthemum) (THRIPL) Host
* Miyashita T, Soichi N (1993) Studies on the varietal difference in injury caused by Thrips palmi in chrysanthemum. 3. Relationship between infested part, density and injury. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 37(4), 227-233.

* Ng YF, Zaimi JS (2018) The economically important thrips from Malaysia, with a key to species (Thysanoptera, Thripinae). ZooKeys 810, 113-126.
Thrips setosus (THRISE) Host
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Ghotbi T, Shahraeen N (2009) Natural incidence and infectivity level of three nepoviruses in ornamental crops in Iran. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 1, 39-44.
------- As Chrysanthemum morifolium.
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV00) Host
* Niu BE, Chen LJ, Niu YB (2015) First report of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus in chrysanthemum. Plant Disease 99(9), p 1289.
Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus (CSNV00) Major host
* Yoon JY, Choi GS, Choi SK (2016) First report of Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus on Chrysanthemum morifolium in Korea. Plant Disease 100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-16-0906-PDN
Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVD00) Major host
* Diener TO and Lawson RH (1973) Chrysanthemum stunt: a viroid disease. Virology, 51, 94–101.

* Gobatto D, Araújo de Oliveira L, Andrade de Siqueira Franco D, Velásquez N, Daròs J-A, Eiras M (2019) Surveys in the chrysanthemum production areas of Brazil and Colombia reveal that weeds are potential reservoirs of Chrysanthemum stunt viroid. Viruses 11, 355. doi:10.3390/v11040355

* Diener TO, Lawson RH (1973) Chrysanthemum stunt: a viroid disease. Virology, 51, 94–101
Erwinia chrysanthemi (ERWICH) Major host
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Major host
* Etienne J, Ryckewaert P, Michel B (2015) Thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera of Guadeloupe and Martinique: updated check-list with new information on their ecology and natural enemies. Florida Entomologist 98(1), 298-304.
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Major host
* Daughtrey ML, Jones RK, Moyer JW, Daub ME, Baker JR (1997) Tospoviruses strike the greenhouse industry: INSV has become a major pathogen on flower crops. Plant Disease 81(11),  1220-1230.

* Ghotbi T, Shahraeen N, Winter S (2005) Occurrence of Tospoviruses in ornamental and weed species in Markazi and Tehran Provinces in Iran. Plant Disease 89(4), 425-429.
------- As Chrysanthemum morifolium.

* Kondo T, Yamashita K, Sugiyama S (2011) First report of Impatiens necrotic spot virus infecting chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology 77,263–265.
------- As Chrysanthemum morifolium.

* Mertelik J, Mokra V, Gotzova B, Gabrielova S (2002) Occurrence and identification of impatiens necrotic spot tospovirus in Czech Republic. Acta Horticulturae 568, 79-83. 
-------- As Chrysanthemum morifolium.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Major host
* Burgio G, Lanzoni A, Masetti A, Manucci F (2005) Spatial Patterns and Sampling Plan for Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and Related Parasitoids on Lettuce. Environmental Entomology 34(1), 178-183.

* De Clercq R, Casteels H (1992) Occurrence and host plants of Frankliniella occidentalis and Liriomyza huidobrensis in Belgium. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 22, 363-366.

* Dreistadt SH (2001) Integrated Pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries. Publication 3402. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, USA. 422 pp.

* Sousa VR, Paiva PC, Takiya DM, Dias-Pini N, Couri MS (2021) Effects of climate, seasonality, and parasitoid abundance on Liriomyza Mik (Diptera: Agromyzidae) populations on important crops in Northeastern Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 111: e2021001. 12 pp.

Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Major host
* De Jong J, Rademaker W (1991) Life history studies of the leafminer Liriomyza trifolii on susceptible and resistant cultivars of Dendranthema grandiflora. Euphytica 56, 47-53.

* Dreistadt SH (2001) Integrated Pest Management for Floriculture and Nurseries. Publication 3402. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, USA. 422 pp.
Nemorimyza maculosa (AMAZMA) Major host
* Frick KE (1959) Synopsis of the species of Agromyzid leaf-miners described from North America (Diptera). Proceedings of the US Natural Museum 108(3407), 347-465.

* Valladares G, Salvo A, Videla M (1999) Moscas minadoras en cultivos de Argentina. Horticultura Argentina 18(44-45), 56-61.
------- as Chrysanthemum morifolium
Puccinia horiana (PUCCHN) Major host
Rhopalomyia chrysanthemi (DIARCH) Major host
Stagonosporopsis chrysanthemi (MYCOLG) Major host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host. As Chrysanthemum morifolium and as Dendranthema grandiflora.