EPPO Global Database

Chenopodium album(CHEAL)

Pests

Organism Type
Cheravirus arracaciae oca strain (as Chenopodioideae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Cheravirus avii (CRLV00) Experimental
* Hansen AJ, Nylland G, McElroy FD, Stace-Smith R (1974) Origin, cause, host range and spread of cherry rasp leaf disease in North America. Phytopathology 64, 721-727.
Hordeivirus hordei (BSMV00) Experimental
Nepovirus solani (PBRSV0) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range and properties of potato black ringspot virus. Annals of Applied Biology 90, 375-386.
------- PBRSV.
Tepovirus tafsolani (PVT000) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range, purification and properties of potato virus T. Annals of Applied Biology 89, 223-235.
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Chenopodioideae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Tobamovirus fructirugosum (TOBRFV) Experimental
* Chanda B, Gilliard A, Jaiswal N, Ling KS (2021) Comparative analysis of host range, ability to infect tomato cultivars with Tm-22 gene, and Real-Time Reverse Transcription PCR detection of tomato brown rugose fruit virus. Plant Disease 105(11), 3643–3652.
------- susceptible host in inoculation study.
Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. phaseoli (XANTPH) Experimental
* Bradbury JF (1986) Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. CAB international, Walllingford, UK.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Ditylenchus dipsaci (DITYDI) Host
* Goodey JB, Franklin MT, Hooper DJ (1965) T. Goodey's: The Nematode Parasites of Plants Catalogued Under Their Hosts. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, Bucks, England. Third edition, 214 pp.
Graphocephala atropunctata (GRCPAT) Host
* Purcell AH (1976) Seasonal changes in host plant preference of the blue-green sharpshooter Hordnia circellata (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 52(1), 33-37.
Lepyronia quadrangularis (LEPOQU) Host
* Doering KC (1942) Host plant records of Cercopidae in North America, North of Mexico (Homoptera) (continued). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 15(3), 73-92.
------- Nymphs found feeding on this plant.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* He CX, Wu WW, Wang SF, Wang LZ (2001) Host plants and feeding preferences of Liriomyza huidobrensis. Acta Entomologica Sinica 44, 384-388.

* Ripa SR, Rojas PS, Velasco G (1995) Releases of biological control agents of insect pests on Easter Island (Pacific Ocean). Entomophaga 40, 427-440.

* Salvo A, Valladares G (2002) Plant-related intraspecific size variation in parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Parasitica) of a polyphagous leafminer (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Environmental Entomology 31, 874-879.

* Silva HOE (1993) Identification of the parasitoid complex on vegetable leaf miner Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and some aspects of the biology of Euparacrias phytomyzae (Brethes) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Agris.fao.org
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOST - A database of the world's Lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. https://www.nhm.ac.uk (Accessed on 7 December 2020 and 21 March 2021)
Orthotospovirus impatiensnecromaculae (INSV00) Host
* El-Deen Abd El-Wahab AS, Abdel-Kader El-Sheikh M, Elnagar S (2011) First record of Frankliniella occidentalis and Impatiens necrotic spot virus in Egypt. Journal of Life Sciences 5, 690-696.

* Ghotbi T, Shahraeen N, Winter S (2005) Occurrence of Tospoviruses in ornamental and weed species in Markazi and Tehran Provinces in Iran. Plant Disease 89(4), 425-429.
Orthotospovirus tomatomaculae (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Ferreira MA, Sousa ME (2011) Hosts and Distribution of the Spider Mite Tetranychus evansi (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Portugal. Hale, C., Xxviii International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People, Leuven 1, Int Soc Horticultural Science, (917): 133-136.
Verticillium dahliae (VERTDA) Host
* Inderbitzin P, Subbarao KV (2014) Verticillium systematics and evolution: how confusion impedes Verticillium wilt management and how to resolve it. Phytopathology 104(6), 564-574. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-11-13-0315-IA
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (XYLEFP) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
Beet leaf curl virus (as Chenopodium) (BLCV00) Wild/Weed
Begomovirus solanumdelhiense (TOLCND) Wild/Weed
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.
Begomovirus solanumflavusardiniaense (TYLCSV) Wild/Weed
* Mnari-Hattab M, Zammouri S, Pellegrin F, Gauthier N (2014) Natural occurrence of begomovirus recombinants associated with tomato yellow leaf curl disease co-existing with parental viruses in tomato crops and weeds in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology 96(1), 195-200.
------- mixed infection
Benyvirus necrobetae (BNYVV0) Wild/Weed
* Abe H, Tamada T (1986) Association of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus with isolates of Polymyxa betae Keskin. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 52, 235-247. 

* Kutluk Yilmaz ND, Erkan N, Bicken S (2000) Weeds as hosts for rhizomania’s agent. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 27, 167-171.
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (LIBEPS) Wild/Weed
* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype not determined.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Wild/Weed
* Mori N, Quaglino F, Tessari F, Pozzebon A, Bulgari D, Casati P, Bianco PA (2014) Investigation on ‘bois noir’epidemiology in north‐eastern Italian vineyards through a multidisciplinary approach. Annals of Applied Biology 166(1), 75-89.

* Quaglino F, Passera A, Faccincani M, Moussa A, Pozzebon A, Sanna F, Casati P, Bianco PA, Mori N (2021) Molecular and spatial analyses reveal new insights on Bois noir epidemiology in Franciacorta vineyards. Annals of Applied Biology (early view). https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12692
Crinivirus contagichlorosis (TICV00) Wild/Weed
* Font MI, Juárez M, Martínez O, Jordá C (2004) Current status and newly discovered natural hosts of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus and Tomato chlorosis virus in Spain. Plant Disease 88, p 82.
Crinivirus cucurbitae (CYSDV0) Wild/Weed
* Orfanidou CG, Papayiannis LC, Pappi PG, Katis NI, Maliogka VI (2019) Criniviruses associated with cucurbit yellows disease in Greece and Cyprus: an ever-changing scene. Plant Pathology 68(4), 764-774.

* Wintermantel WM, Hladky LL, Cortez AA, Natwick ET (2009) A new expanded host range of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus includes three agricultural crops. Plant Disease 93(7), 685-690.
Crinivirus lactucaflavi (LIYV00) Wild/Weed
* Brown LG, Brown JK, Tsai JH  (1990) Lettuce infectious yellows virus. Plant Pathology Circular no. 335. Florida Department & Consumer Service. Division of Plant Industry, 4 pp. https://www.fdacs.gov/content/download/11342/file/pp335.pdf
------- Symptomatic weed host.
Crinivirus tomatichlorosis (TOCV00) Wild/Weed
* Mamoun Abdel-Salam AM, Rezk AA, Dawoud RA (2019) Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato chlorosis virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 22, 83-94. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2019.83.104

* Orfanidou CG, Dimitriou C, Papayiannis LC, Maliogka VI, Katis NI (2014) Epidemiology and genetic diversity of criniviruses associated with tomato yellows disease in Greece. Virus Research 186, 120–129.
------- confirmed host
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV00) Wild/Weed
* Orfanidou C, Baltzi A, Dimou NA, Katis NI, Maliogka VI (2017) Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus: insights into its natural host range, genetic variability, and transmission parameters. Plant Disease 101(12), 2023-2058.
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Wild/Weed
* Schuster ML (1959) Relation of root-knot nematodes and irrigation water to the incidence and dissemination of bacterial wilt of bean. Plant Disease Reporter 43, 27– 32.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adult

* Hill RE, Tate AD (1942) Life history and habits of potato flea beetle in Western Nebraska. Journal of Economic Entomology 35, 879-884.
------- feeding of adult

* Hoerner JL & Gillette CP (1928) The potato flea beetle. Colorado Experiment Station. Entomology Section. Bulletin 337. 
------- feeding of adult

* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults
Helicoverpa zea (as Chenopodium) (HELIZE) Wild/Weed
* Kogan M, Helm CG, Kogan J, Brewer E (1989) Distribution and economic importance of Heliothis virescens and Heliothis zea in North, Central, and South America and of their natural enemies and host plants. InProceedings of the Workshop on Biological Control of Heliothis: Increasing the Effectiveness of Natural Enemies, New Delhi, India, 11-15 November 1985 1989. New Delhi, India: Office of International Cooperation & Development, USDA.
Hirschmanniella oryzae (HIRSOR) Wild/Weed
* Anwar SA, McKenry MV, Yasin SI (2011) Rice-root nematode, Hirschmaniella oryzae, infecting rice selections and weed genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43, 373-378.

* Ibrahim IKA, Mokbel AA, Handoo ZA (2010) Current status of phytoparasitic nematodes and their host plants in Egypt. Nematropica 40, 239-262.
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Wild/Weed
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults and nymphs were observed on this plant.

* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Oviposition and feeding host.
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Wild/Weed
* Stegmaier CE Jr (1966) Host plants and parasites of Liriomyza trifolii in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Florida Entomologist 49(2), 75-80.
Lixus juncii (as Chenopodium) (LIXUJU) Wild/Weed
Nacobbus aberrans sensu lato (NACOBA) Wild/Weed
* Manzanilla-López RH, Costilla MA, Doucet M, Inserra RN, Lehman PS, Cid del Prado-Vera I, Souza RM, Evans K (2002) The genus Nacobbus Thorne & Allen, 1944 (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae): systematics, distribution, biology and management. Nematropica 32, 149-226.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Wild/Weed
* Caballero VC (1972) Algunos aspectos de la biología y control de Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en durazneros en Chile. Rev Peru Entomol. 15(1):190–194
------- adult feeding only.
Nepovirus lycopersici (TORSV0) Wild/Weed
* Abraham P, Banwo OO, Kashina BD, Alegbejo MD (2021) Detection of weed species infested by Tomato ringspot virus in field-grown tomato in Sudan savanna, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Plant Protection 35(2), 1-15.
Nepovirus nicotianae (TRSV00) Wild/Weed
* McLean DM (1962) Common weed hosts of tobacco ringspot virus in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Plant Disease Reporter 46, 5-7.
Nysius huttoni (NYSIHU) Wild/Weed
Orthotospovirus iridimaculaflavi (IYSV00) Wild/Weed
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Wild/Weed
* Abbes K, Harbi A, Wanassi T, Ricupero M, Mazzeo G, Russo A, Biondi A, Zappalà L, Chermiti B (2023) The cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is spreading in North Africa: first report in Tunisia. Oriental Insects. https://doi.org/10.1080/00305316.2023.2253237
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Wild/Weed
* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view

* Wunderlich LR, Caprile L, Vossen P, Varela L, Grant JA (2015) Agriculture: Apple Pest Management Guidelines: Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana. UC ANR Publication 3432. https://www2.ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/apple/omnivorous-leafroller/
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Wild/Weed
* Cruz L, Sousa-Santos M, Costa A & Carrinho H (2001) Present status of Ralstonia solanacearum in Portugal. In: Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the Mediterranean
Phytopathological Union, Évora, Portugal, 252–254
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Wild/Weed
* Cruz L, Sousa-Santos M, Costa A & Carrinho H (2001) Present status of Ralstonia solanacearum in Portugal. In: Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the Mediterranean
Phytopathological Union, Évora, Portugal, 252–254
Spiroplasma citri (as Chenopodioideae) (SPIRCI) Wild/Weed
Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Wild/Weed
* Ahmad M, Ghaffar A, Rafiq M (2013) Host plants of leaf worm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology 1(1), 23-28.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Wild/Weed
* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tobravirus tabaci (TRV000) Wild/Weed
* Dikova B (2006) Establishment of Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) in weeds and Cuscuta, Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 20(3), 42-48.
Torradovirus lycopersici (as Chenopodium) (TOTV00) Wild/Weed
Trichovirus pinovitis (GPGV00) Wild/Weed
* Gualandri V, Asquini E, Bianchedi P, Covelli L, Brilli M, Malossini U, Bragagna P, Saldarelli P,  Si-Ammour A (2016) Identification of herbaceous hosts of the Grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV).  Europan Journal of Plant Pathology 147, 21-25.
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Wild/Weed
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
------- As X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca.