EPPO Global Database

Abies balsamea(ABIBA)

Pests

Organism Type
Melampsora medusae (as Abies) (MELMME) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Abies) (MELMMD) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Acleris gloverana (as Abies) (ACLRGL) Host
Acleris variana (as Abies) (ACLRVA) Host
Arceuthobium abietinum (as Abies) (AREAB) Host
Arceuthobium douglasii (as Abies) (AREDO) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Abies) (ARELA) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Abies) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Abies) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura freemani (as Abies) (ARCHOC) Host
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Abies) (CHONFU) Host
Chrysomyxa abietis (as Abies) (CHMYAB) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Crisicoccus pini (as Abies) (DACLPI) Host
* Ben-Dov Y (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited Andover, 686 pp.

* Wang TC (1981) [Homoptera: Coccoidea.]. Insects of Xizang [=Tibet] 1, 283-294.
Dendrolimus sibiricus (as Abies) (DENDSI) Host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Abies) (DENDSC) Host
Dendrolimus superans (as Abies) (DENDSU) Host
Dryocoetes confusus (as Abies) (DRYOCN) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Abies) (GREMAB) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Abies) (HETEIR) Host
Ips amitinus (as Abies) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips subelongatus (as Abies) (IPSXFA) Host
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Abies) (LEPLOC) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Abies) (MALADI) Host
Monochamus alternatus (as Abies) (MONCAL) Host
Monochamus marmorator (as Abies) (MONCMR) Host
Monochamus obtusus (as Abies) (MONCOB) Host
Monochamus saltuarius (as Abies) (MONCSL) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus scutellatus (as Abies) (MONCST) Host
Monochamus sutor (as Abies) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Abies) (MONCTI) Host
Monochamus urussovi (as Abies) (MONCUR) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Host
* Van Driesche RG, LaForest JH, Bargeron CT, Reardon RC, Herlihy M (2012) Forest Pest Insects in North America: a Photographic Guide. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV. FHTET-2012-02.

* van Frankenhuyzen K, Ebling P, Thurston G, Lucarotti C, Royama T, Guscott R, Georgeson E, Silver J (2002) Incidence and impact of Entomophaga aulicae (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales) and a nucleopolyhedrosis virus in an outbreak of the whitemarked tussock moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). The Canadian Entomolologist. 134: 825–845.
Phacidium coniferarum (as Abies) (POTECO) Host
Phaeocryptopus nudus (PHARNU) Host
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Polygraphus proximus (POLGPR) Host
* Chilahsaeva EA (2008) First record of Polygraphus proximus (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in Moscow Province. Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists 113(6), 39-42. [In Russian]
------- confirmed host

* Seraya LG, Pashenova NV, Mukhina LN, Dymovich AV, Alexandrova MS, Baranchikov YN (2014) The damage of Abies Mill. species at the Main botanical garden RASc by four eyed fir bark beetle Polygraphus proximus Bland. and associated fungi.Lesniye biogeotsenozy borealnoy zony : geographiya, struktura, funksii, dinamica [Forest biogeocoenosises of the Boreal zone: geography, structure, functions, dynamics]. Novosibirsk: SB RASc Publ.House, 2014. Pp. 652-655
------- observed in the collection of fir species at the Main botanical garden of the Russian Academy of Siences in Moscow 
Polygraphus proximus (as Abies) (POLGPR) Host
Sirex ermak (as Abies) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Abies) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Abies) (TETOGR) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Abies) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Acleris variana (ACLRVA) Major host
Choristoneura fumiferana (CHONFU) Major host
Cinara curvipes (TODOCU) Major host
Heterobasidion irregulare (HETEIR) Major host
* Dumas MT, Laflamme G (2013) Pinus banksiana, a new primary host of the pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Eastern Canada. In Canadian Plant Disease Survey - Disease Highlights, The Canadian Phytopathological Society.
------- confirmed host
Lambdina fiscellaria (LAMBFI) Major host
* Iqbal J, MacLean SA and Kershaw JA (2011) Impacts of hemlock looper defoliation on growth and survival of balsam fir, black spruce and white birch in Newfoundland, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 1106-1114. 
------- Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria

* Hérbert C, Berthiaume R, Bauce É and Brodeur J (2006) Geographic biotype and host-associated local adaptation in a polyphagous species, Lambdina fiscellaria (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) feeding on balsam fir on Anticosti Island, Canada. Bulletin of Entomological Research 96: 619-627. 
Neodiprion abietis (NEODAB) Major host
Neonectria neomacrospora (NECTMA) Major host
Nielsen UB, Xu J, Nielsen KN, Talgø V, Hansen OK, Thomsen IM (2017) Species variation in susceptibility to the fungus Neonectria neomacrospora in the genus Abies. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 32(5), 421–431. doi:10.1080/02827581.2017.1287300
------- confirmed host