EPPO Global Database

Xanthomonas citri pv. citri(XANTCI)

Distribution details in Uruguay

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 1993: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 011 (2006): Present, no details
From NPPO: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
Salto and Paysandú. An active disease eradication program is currently being conducted to eliminate the disease and preclude establishment and dissemination.
Since the mid-1980s, X.c. pv. citri strains previously associated with cancrosis B have not been isolated from naturally infected trees.

From country itself (1992):
Biotype A: detected in 1979 in Salto and Paysandú departments. A strict eradication programme started immediately after. It still has a restricted distribution and is considered an A2 pest for Uruguay.
Biotype B: identified in 1949. Started disseminating in 1975, was widespread in 1976. An eradication programme started in 1977 and the pest was eradicated in 1985 and has not been detected since. It is classified as an A2 pest.

Biotypes C, D & E: A1 pests, absent and declared never to occur in Uruguay.

EU Commission Decision 98/83 of 8 January 1998 recognized Uruguay as free from all strains of Xanthomonas campestris pathogenic to citrus, with the exception of the Departments Salto, Rivera and Paysandu - north of River Chapicuy.
References
* Arocena, G.; Favaro, F. (1982) Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture, 1981. Volume 1, pp. 409-414. Fruit Tree Research Station, Shimizu, Japan.
------- A brief historical outline of the introduction and spread is given and a map is included.

* Canale, F.; Cassanello, M. E. (1985) Fitopatologia 20 (1), 7-11.
------- Strain A.

* Canteros de Echenique, B. I.; Zagory, D.; Stall, R. E. (1985) Plant Disease 69 (2), 122-123.
------- B strain.

* Pruvost, O.; Hartung, J. S.; Civerolo, E. L.; Dubois, C.; Perrier, X. (1992) Phytopathology 82 (4), 485-490.
------- Strain B.

* Rossetti, V. (1979) Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture 3, 918-924.
------- The situation is reviewed.

* USDA (1982) Pests not known to occur in the United States or of limited distribution. No. 27. Citrus canker. USDA APHIS-PPQ, Beltsville, USA.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Argentina Present, restricted distribution view...
Brazil Mato Grosso Absent, unreliable record view...
Brazil Santa Catarina Present, no details view...
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul Present, no details view...
Brazil Mato Grosso do Sul Present, no details view...
Brazil Minas Gerais Present, no details view...
Brazil Sao Paulo Present, no details view...
Brazil Parana Present, no details view...
Brazil Present, restricted distribution view...
Brazil Rio Grande do Norte Present, restricted distribution view...
Brazil Roraima Present, no details view...