EPPO Global Database

Xanthomonas citri pv. citri(XANTCI)

Distribution details in Australia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1990s
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present: under eradication - Northern Territory. Absent: pest eradicated - Western Australia, Queensland. Absent: no pest record - New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (2019-11)
From CABI Disease map 011 (2006): Present, no details
Comments
From country itself (1992): present on Christmas Island. Eradicated from Thursday Island.

Under eradication in Northern Territory (Reporting Service 526/08 of 1992-08). Previously thought eradicated, but recently 1991-04 found again in Lambell Lagoons area (50 km southeast of Darwin). On the 16 ha property affected, 96 of 166 pummelo trees were infected, the oldest being about 3.5 years old. All trees were destroyed by burning in 1991-05. In 1993-05, the disease was found again on a property adjacent to the originally infected property. Eradication continues.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/177) : 20th Session of APPPC, Chiang Mai (TH). Found in 1993, eradication measures applied and not found since. Eradication successful in Northern Territory.

EPPO Reporting Service (2004/102) : outbreak in Queensland in 2004-07.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/108) : the NPPO of Australia officially declared the eradication of citrus canker from Queensland (and therefore Australia) in January 2009.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/101) : found again in Northern Territory and Western Australia. Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/223) : eradicated from Western Australia. Eradication continues in Northern territory. Absent from all other states and territories.
References
*APPPC. 18th Session of APPPC: country report.

* Broadbent P, Fahy PC, Gillings MR, Bradley J, Barnes D (1992) Asiatic citrus canker detected in a pummelo orchard in Northern Australia. Plant Disease 76(8), 824-829.
------- Strain A was recorded in a young pummelo orchard near Darwin, Northern Territory, in 1991.

* INTERNET
- Australian Government
Australian Government. Media statement: Detection of citrus canker in the Northern Territory. http://www.agriculture.gov.au/about/media-centre/media-releases/citrus-canker-nt
Northern Territory Government. Citrus canker. https://dpir.nt.gov.au/citrus-canker
Queensland Government. Industry alert – Citrus canker (Xanthomonas citri pv. citri). https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/business-priorities/plants/health-pests-diseases/industry-alert-citrus-canker
Western Australia Government (2018-05-18) Effort underway to stop citrus canker in Kununurra and Wyndham. https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/news/media-releases/effort-underway-stop-citrus-canker-kununurra-and-wyndham

- IPPC website. Official Pest Reports
Australia (AUS-95/3 of 2019-11-22) Xanthomonas citri subsp citri (citrus canker) – 2018 detection update. https://www.ippc.int/en/countries/australia/pestreports/2019/11/xanthomonas-citri-subsp-citri-citrus-canker-2018-detection-update/
Australia (AUS-89/1 of 2018-04-19) Xanthomonas citri subsp citri (Citrus canker) in Northern Territory. https://www.ippc.int/en/countries/australia/pestreports/2018/04/xanthomonas-citri-subsp-citri-citrus-canker-in-northern-territory/

* Jones, D.R.; Moffett, M.L.; Navaratnam, S.J. (1984) Citrus canker on Thursday Island. Australasian Plant Pathology 13(4), 64-65.

* NPPO of Australia (2009) Eradication of citrus canker from Australia. Official Pest Report. IPPC website (FAO). http://www.ippc.int