EPPO Global Database

Ulmus americana(ULMAM)

Pests

Organism Type
Anisandrus maiche (as Ulmus) (ANIDMA) Host
Anoplophora glabripennis (ANOLGL) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
------- Confirmed host (full  pest developement).
Anoplophora glabripennis (as Ulmus) (ANOLGL) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apriona germari (as Ulmus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Arrhenodes minutus (as Ulmus) (ARRHMI) Host
* Bright DE (1993) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada,  Part 21. The Weevils of Canada and Alaska: Volume 1. Coleoptera: Curculionidea, excluding Scolytidae and Curculionidae. Agriculture Canada Publication 1882, 217 pp.

* Solomon JD (1995) Guide to Insect Borers in North American Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs. Agriculture Handbook AH-706, Washington D.C., 735 pp.
------- Citing Shenefelt & Benjamin (1955).
'Candidatus Phytoplasma ulmi' (PHYPUL) Host
* Marcone C (2017) Elm yellows: A phytoplasma disease of concern in forest and landscape ecosystems. Forest Pathology 47(1), e12324.

* Sinclair WA, Townsend AM, Sherald JL (2001). Elm yellows phyto-plasma lethal to Dutch elm disease- resistant Ulmus americana cultivars. Plant Disease 85, 560.
Chondrostereum purpureum (STERPU) Host
* Bishop GC (1978) Studies on silver leaf disease of stone and pome fruit trees (Doctoral dissertation, Adelaide, Australia), 155 pp. https://digital.library.adelaide.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/2440/20649/2/02whole.pdf
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Host
* Prentice RM (1966) Vol. 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
Chrysobothris femorata (CHRBFE) Host
* EPPO (2021) EPPO Technical Document No. 1083. Pest risk analysis for Chrysobothris femorata and C. mali. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/CHRBFE/documents
------- confirmed true host of Chrysobothis femorata sensu stricto (Wellso & Manley, 2007)

* Paiero SM, Jackson MD, Jewiss-Gaines A, Kimoto T, Gill BD, Marshall SA (2012) Field guide to the jewel beetles of northeastern North America. Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 
------- covers several species of the femorata complex together

* Wellso SG & Manley G V. (2007) A revision of the Chrysobothris femorata (Olivier, 1790) species group from North America, north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Zootaxa, 26(1652), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1652.1.1
Chrysobothris mali (CHRBMA) Host
* Burke HE (1919) Biological Notes on the Flatheaded Apple Tree Borer (Chrysobothris Femorata Fab.) and the Pacific Flatheaded Apple Tree Borer (Chryso- Bothris Mali Horn). Journal of Economic Entomology, 12(4), 326–333.
------- reared from this species

* EPPO (2021) EPPO Technical Document No. 1083. Pest risk analysis for Chrysobothris femorata and C. mali. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/CHRBMA/documents
------- confirmed true host of Chrysobothis mali
Comstockaspis perniciosa (QUADPE) Host
* Ben-Dov Y, German V (2003) A systemic catalogue of the Diaspididae (armoured scale insects) of the world, subfamilies Aspidiotinae, Comstockiellinae and Odonaspidinae. Intercept Ltd, Andover UK, 1111 pp.
Elm mottle virus (as Ulmus) (EMOV00) Host
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (as Ulmus) (EUPRCH) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).
Grapholita prunivora (as Ulmus) (LASPPR) Host
Hylurgopinus rufipes (as Ulmus) (HYLRRU) Host
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (as Ulmus) (LEPSUS) Host
Longidorus diadecturus (LONGDI) Host
* Neilson R, Ye W, Oliveira CMG, Hubschen J, Robbins RT, Brown DJF, Szalanski AL (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of Longidoridae species (Nematoda: Dorylamida) from North America inferred from 18S rDNA sequence data. Helminthologia 41, 209–215.
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Host
* Shrewsbury PM, Harding NM, Rojas MS & Gill S (2013) Japanese maple scale: Woody ornamental host plants. UMD Extension Publication EBR-18 2013. https://extension.umd.edu/sites/extension.umd.edu/files/publications/Japanese%20Maple%20Scale%20%282%29.pdf [Accessed February 15, 2023].
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Ulmus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Neocosmospora euwallaceae (FUSAEW) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7),  938-951.
Nepovirus avii (as Ulmus) (CLRV00) Host
Nepovirus nicotianae (TRSV00) Host
* Shiel PJ, Castello JD (1985) Detection of tobacco mosaic and tobacco ringspot viruses in herbaceous and woody plants near virus-infected white ash trees in central New York. Plant Disease 69, 791-795.
Ophiostoma ulmi (as Ulmus) (CERAUL) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Popillia japonica (POPIJA) Host
* Fleming WE (1972) Biology of the Japanese beetle. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, USDA no 1449, 129 pp.
Reptalus panzeri (as Ulmus) (REPTPA) Host
Ricania speculum (as Ulmus) (RICASC) Host
Ripersiella hibisci (as Ulmus) (RHIOHI) Host
Saperda tridentata (as Ulmus) (SAPETR) Host
* Heffern DJ (1998) Insects of Western North America. A survey of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera), or longhorned beetles of Colorado. Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University (US), 32 pp.
-------- Ulmus spp. including U. americana and U. rubra.
Scaphoideus luteolus (as Ulmus) (SCAPLU) Host
Scolytus multistriatus (as Ulmus) (SCOLMU) Host
Scolytus schevyrewi (SCOLSH) Host
Scolytus scolytus (as Ulmus) (SCOLSC) Host
Stegophora ulmea (as Ulmus) (GNOMUL) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Ulmus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869

* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.

* Karpiński L, Szczepański WT, Plewa R, Walczak M, Hilszczański J, Kruszelnicki L, Łoś K, Jaworski T, Bidas M, Tarwacki G (2018) New data on the distribution, biology and ecology of the longhorn beetles from the area of South and East Kazakhstan (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). ZooKeys 805, 59-126. 
------- Living host.

* Lim J, Jung SY, Lim JS, Jang J, Kim KM, Lee YM, Lee BW (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53, 111-133.
-------- Living host.
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Host
*Ali ME,  Hudson O, Waliullah S, Ji P,  Williams-Woodward JL, Oliver JE (2020) First report of bacterial leaf scorch disease of American elm caused by Xylella fastidiosa in Georgia, USA. Plant Disease 104(6), 1853. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-19-2367-PDN

* Hearon SS, Sherald JL, Kostka SJ (1980) Association of xylem-limited bacteria with elm, sycamore, and oak leaf scorch. Canadian Journal of Botany, 58:1986-1993. https://doi.org/10.1139/b80-228
------- confirmed host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Ulmus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aproceros leucopoda (APRCLE) Major host
* Martel V, Morin O, Monckton SK, Eiseman CS, Béliveau C, Cusson M, Blank SM (2021) Elm zigzag sawfly, Aproceros leucopoda (Hymenoptera: Argidae), recorded for the first time in North America through community science. The Canadian Entomologist. https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2021.44

* Oten KL, Day E, Dellinger T, Disque HH, Barringer LE, Cancelliere J, Somers L, Bertone MA (2023) First records of elm zigzag sawfly (Hymenoptera: Argidae) in the United States. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 14(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jipm/pmad009
Elm mottle virus (EMOV00) Major host
Hylurgopinus rufipes (HYLRRU) Major host
Operophtera brumata (CHEIBR) Major host
Ophiostoma ulmi (CERAUL) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Major host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOST - A database of the world's Lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. https://www.nhm.ac.uk (Accessed on 7 December 2020 and 21 March 2021)
Orgyia leucostigma (as Ulmus) (HEMELE) Major host
* Barnard EL & Dixon WN (1983) Insects and diseases: Important problems of Florida’s forest and shade tree resources. Florida Forest Service Bulletin No. 196-A. 102 pp.

* Van Driesche RG, LaForest JH, Bargeron CT, Reardon RC, Herlihy M (2012) Forest Pest Insects in North America: a Photographic Guide. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV. FHTET-2012-02.

* Webster RL (1916) The white-marked tussock-moth. Circular. Paper 33. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iaes_circulars/39
Saperda tridentata (SAPETR) Major host
* Heffern DJ (1998) Insects of Western North America. A survey of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera), or longhorned beetles of Colorado. Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University (US), 32 pp.

* INTERNET
Forest Health Protection (2011) Elm borer. Extensive mining loosens bark. Forest Health Protection Rocky Mountain Region. US Department of Forestry. https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5349692.pdf
------ Preferred host (US).
Scaphoideus luteolus (SCAPLU) Major host
Stegophora ulmea (GNOMUL) Major host
* McGranahan G,  Smalley EB (1981) Relative susceptibility of elm species to black spot. Phytopathology (abs.) 71, No. 2, 241.
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (as Ulmus) (XYLBCR) Major host