EPPO Global Database

Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus(TOLCND)

Distribution details in Spain

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2012
Comments
First observed in September 2012 in zucchini (Cucurbita pepo) crops in the province of Murcia. Similar symptoms were also noticed in May 2013 in Almeria province. In autumn 2013, the disease was widespread in zucchini both in Murcia and Almería, and the virus was also detected in melon and cucumber crops, as well as in greenhouse tomato crops.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/203) : Andalucía (protected cucumber (very low incidence), courgette, melon crops), Baleares (courgette), Castilla-La Mancha (first found in 2015 on melon), Comunidad Valenciana (courgette), Murcia (melon).

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/028) : first found in spring 2018 on melon (Cucumis melo), zucchini (Cucurbita pepo), and squash (Cucurbita maxima) plants showing virus symptoms in several municipalities of Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias).
References
* Anonymous (2016) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2015. Phytoma-España no. 278, 16-52 and Phytoma-España no. 279, 16-40.

* Espino de Paz AI, Botella-Guillén M, Otazo-González HC, Alfaro-Fernández A, Font-San-Ambrosio I, Galipienso L, Rubio L (2019) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucurbits in the Canary Islands. Plant Disease 103(7), p 1798.
------- Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias).

* Font San Ambrosio MI, Alfaro Fernandez AO (2015) El virus de Nueva Delhi (Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus, ToLCNDV) amplia su gama de hospedantes en los cultivos espanoles. Phytoma Espana no. 272, 25-30.
------- Almeria, Granada, Murcia and Tarragona.

* Juárez M, Tovar R, Fiallo-Olivé E, Aranda MA, Gosálvez B, Castillo P, Moriones E, Navas-Castillo J (2014) First detection of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting zucchini in Spain. Plant Disease 98(6), p 857.

* Ruiz L, Simon A, Velasco L, Janssen D (2017) Biological characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Dehli virus from Spain. Plant Pathology 66, 376-382.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Absent, pest eradicated view...
Morocco Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Present, few occurrences view...
Portugal Azores Present, few occurrences view...