EPPO Global Database

Spinacia oleracea(SPQOL)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Chenopodioideae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Chenopodioideae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV00) Experimental
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Chenopodioideae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Chenopodioideae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Potato virus T (PVT000) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range, purification and properties of potato virus T. Annals of Applied Biology 89, 223-235.
Raspberry ringspot virus (RPRSV0) Experimental
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Chenopodioideae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Beet curly top virus (as Chenopodioideae) (BCTV00) Host
Beet leaf curl virus (BLCV00) Host
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV0) Host
* Fujisawa I, Tsuchizaki T, Iizuka N (1982) Bean yellow mosaic virus, tobacco mosaic virus and beet necrotic yellow vein virus isolated from spinach (in Japanese with English summary). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 48, 592–599.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Kumari S, Nagendran K, Rai AB, Singh B, Rao GP, Bertaccini (2019) Global status of phytoplasma diseases in vegetable crops. Frontiers in Microbiology 10, 1349.
Circulifer tenellus (CIRCTE) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults

* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Host
* Jones DR (2005) Plant viruses transmitted by thrips. European Journal of Plant Pathology 113, 119–157.

* Liu HY, Sears JL, Mou B (2009) Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is a new natural host of Impatiens necrotic spot virus in California. Plant Disease 93(6),p  673.
------- Confirmed host.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZO, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Ciptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44(2), 223-232.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: Surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZO, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Ciptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44(2), 223-232.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Mujica M, Kroschel J (2011) Leafminer fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) occurrence, distribution, and parasitoid associations in field and vegetable crops along the Peruvian coast. Environmental Entomology 40, 217-230.
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
Lixus juncii (LIXUJU) Host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. Matador was found to be a good host.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).

* Valarezo O, Cañarte E, Navarrete B, Arias M (2003) [Prodiplosis longifila (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) main tomato pest in Ecuador.] Manual 51, INIAP, Ecuador. (in Spanish)
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* Lanzoni A, Bozaocchi GG, Reggiori F, Rama, F, Sannino L, Maini S, Burgio G (2012) Spodoptera littoralis male capture suppression in processing spinach using two kinds of synthetic sex-pheromone dispensers. Bulletin of Insectology 65(2), 311-318.

* Prasad J, Bhattacharya AK (1975) Growth and development of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) on several plants. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 79, 34-48.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Anonymous (1955) Cooperative Economic Insect Report 5(38), 909.

* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Rogg HW (2000) Manual de Entomología Agrícola de Ecuador. Abya-Yala, Quito, p 684.
Tobacco rattle virus (TRV000) Host
* Zhu F, Che YP, Liang ZJ, Ji ZL (2018) First report of Tobacco rattle virus infecting spinach in China. Plant Disease 102(12), 2671-2672.
-------- On Spinacia oleracea, in Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province, China.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Heterodera glycines (as Chenopodioideae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Spiroplasma citri (as Chenopodioideae) (SPIRCI) Wild/Weed