EPPO Global Database

Rhagoletis pomonella(RHAGPO)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Malus domestica (MABSD) Major host
* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401, 95 pp.

* Wasbauer MS (1972) An annotated host catalog of the fruit flies of America north of Mexico (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Occasional papers, California Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology 19, 172 pp. 
-------Confirmed host (as Malus pumila).

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- Confirmed host.
Aronia arbutifolia (ABOAR) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401: 95 pp.
Crataegus (1CSCG) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- the following North American species are confirmed hosts: Crataegus brachyacantha, Crataegus brainerdii, Crataegus cuprina, Crataegus erythropoda, Crataegus flava, Crataegus greggiana, Crataegus invisa, Crataegus rosei, Crataegus suksdorfii, Crataegus texana.  
Crataegus aestivalis (CSCAE) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401: 95 pp.
Crataegus douglasii (CSCDO) Wild/Weed
* Messina F.J (1989) Host preferences of cherry‐ and hawthorn‐infesting populations of Rhagoletis pomonella in Utah. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 53: 89-92. doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.1989.tb01289.x

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
Crataegus flabellata (CSCFL) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Berlocher SH, McPheron BA (1996)  Population structure of Rhagoletis pomonella, the apple maggot fly.  Heredity 77: 83–99.
Crataegus holmesiana (CSCHO) Wild/Weed
* Reissig WH, Smith DC (1978) Bionomics of Rhagoletis in Crataegus.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 2: 155–159.
------- confirmed host.
Crataegus laevigata (CSCOX) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Crataegus macrosperma (CSCMA) Wild/Weed
* Reissig WH, Smith DC (1978) Bionomics of Rhagoletis in Crataegus.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 2: 155–159.
------- confirmed host.
Crataegus marshallii (CSCMS) Wild/Weed
* Berlocher SH, Enquist M (1993) Distribution and host plants of the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Texas.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 66: 51–59.
------- confirmed host.
Crataegus mexicana (CSCME) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Berlocher SH, McPheron BA (1996)  Population structure of Rhagoletis pomonella, the apple maggot fly.  Heredity 77: 83–99.
Crataegus mollis (CSCML) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Berlocher SH, McPheron BA (1996)  Population structure of Rhagoletis pomonella, the apple maggot fly.  Heredity 77: 83–99.
Crataegus monogyna (CSCMO) Wild/Weed
* Reissig WH, Smith DC (1978) Bionomics of Rhagoletis in Crataegus.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 2: 155–159.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host
Crataegus opaca (CSCOP) Wild/Weed
* Berlocher SH, Enquist M (1993) Distribution and host plants of the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Texas.  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 66: 51–59.
------- confirmed host.
Crataegus viridis (CSCVI) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Berlocher SH, McPheron BA (1996)  Population structure of Rhagoletis pomonella, the apple maggot fly.  Heredity 77: 83–99.
Prunus americana (PRNAM) Wild/Weed
* Allred DB, Jorgensen CD (1993)  Hosts, adult emergence, and distribution of the apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 236–246.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus umbellata (PRNUM) Wild/Weed
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401: 95 pp.
Cotoneaster apiculatus (CTTAP) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
Cotoneaster integerrimus (CTTIT) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Cotoneaster lacteus (CTTLA) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
-------  (host as Cotoneaster lacteus W. W. Smith)
Crataegus crus-galli (CSCCG) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
-------larval infestation
Crataegus punctata (CSCPU) Host
* Reissig WH, Smith DC (1978) Bionomics of Rhagoletis in Crataegus.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 2: 155–159.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host
Malus floribunda (MABFB) Host
* Forbes AA, Hood GR, Feder JL (2010)  Geographic and ecological overlap of parasitoid wasps associated with the Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) species complex.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 103: 908–915.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus angustifolia (PRNAN) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401: 95 pp.
Prunus armeniaca (PRNAR) Host
* Lienk SE (1970) Apple maggot infesting apricot. Journal of Economic Entomology, 63, 1684.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Prunus avium (PRNAV) Host
* Alldred DB, Jorgensen CD (1993) Hosts, adult emergence, and distribution of the apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah. The Pan-Pacific-Entomologist 69, 236-246.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus cerasifera (PRNCF) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Prunus cerasus (PRNCE) Host
* Messina F.J (1989) Host preferences of cherry‐ and hawthorn‐infesting populations of Rhagoletis pomonella in Utah. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 53: 89-92. doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.1989.tb01289.x

* Shervis LJ, Mallory Boush G, Koval CF (1970) Infestation of sour cherries by the apple maggot: confirmation of a previously uncertain host status. Journal of Economic Entomology 63, 294-295.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus domestica (PRNDO) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
Prunus emarginata (PRNEM) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60. 
------- possibly incidental infestation
Prunus mahaleb (PRNMH) Host
* Allred DB, Jorgensen CD (1993)  Hosts, adult emergence, and distribution of the apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 236–246.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus persica (PRNPS) Host
* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2016) Peach is an occasional host for Rhagoletis pomonella, (Walsh) 1867 (Diptera: Tephritidae), larvae in western Washington state, U.S.A. The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 92, 189-199.
------- confirmed host.
Prunus salicina (PRNSC) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Prunus virginiana (PRNVG) Host
* Allred DB, Jorgensen CD (1993)  Hosts, adult emergence, and distribution of the apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 236–246.
------- confirmed host.
Pyracantha angustifolia (PYEAN) Host
* Allred DB, Jorgensen CD (1993)  Hosts, adult emergence, and distribution of the apple maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 236–246.
------- confirmed host.
Pyrus communis (PYUCO) Host
* Prokopy RJ, Bush GL (1972) Apple maggot infestation of pear. Journal of Economic Entomology 65, 597.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
------- host as 'European pear'
Pyrus pyrifolia (PYUPY) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
------- host as P. serotina L.
Rosa rugosa (ROSRG) Host
* Prokopy RJ, Berlocher SH (1980) Establishment of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) on rose hips in southern New England.  Canadian Entomologist 112: 1319–1320.
------- confirmed host.
Rosa virginiana (ROSVI) Host
* Prokopy RJ, Berlocher SH (1980) Establishment of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) on rose hips in southern New England.  Canadian Entomologist 112: 1319–1320.
------- confirmed host.
Sorbus aucuparia (SOUAU) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Sorbus scopulina (SOUSO) Host
* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193