EPPO Global Database

Potato spindle tuber viroid(PSTVD0)

Distribution details in Japan

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, few occurrences
First recorded in: 2008
From CABI Disease map 729 (2012): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service 509/17: from country itself (1993) it is absent.

EPPO Reporting Service (1996/109) : though the abstract of Takahashi (1987) published in Review of Plant Pathology indicates presence in Japan, this is an error. Five other viroids are indicated as present in Japan, but not PSTVd. The viroid does not occur, and has never occurred, in Japan, where it is a quarantine pest.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/061) : detected in 2 samples which had been collected in 2008 from tomato plants cultivated in the Fukushima prefecture.

According to Fujiwara et al. (2013), the outbreak on tomato found in Fukushima prefecture was eradicated. In 2009 and 2010, PSTVd was detected in dahlia plants grown in Yamanashi prefecture.

According to Tsushima et al. (2019), an outbreak found in 2011 on dahlia plants in Akita prefecture has been eradicated.
References
* Fujiwara Y, Nomura Y, hiwatashi S, Shiki Y, Itto T (2013) [Pathogenicity of Potato spindle tuber viroid isolated from Dahlia and its transmissibility in Dahlia]. Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service Japan no. 49, 41-46 (in Japanese).

* NPPO of Japan (1996-05).

* Matsushita Y, Usugi T, Tsuda S (2010) Development of a multiplex RT-PCR detection and identification system for Potato spindle tuber viroid and Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid. European Journal of Plant Pathology 128(2), 165-170.

* Takahashi T (1987) (Plant viroid diseases occuring in Japan. Japanese Agricultural Research Quarterly). Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 21 (3), 184-191.

* Tsushima T, Matsushita Y, Fuji S, Sano T (2015) First report of Dahlia latent viroid and Potato spindle tuber viroid mixed-infection in commercial ornamental dahlia in Japan. New Disease Reports 31, 11. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2015.031.011]
------- Mixed infection of PSTVd and Dahlia latent viroid in Dahlia.

* Tsushima T, Nishimura M, Toda T, Furuya H, Fuji SI (2019) Molecular characterization and eradication of new potato spindle tuber viroid isolates from dahlia plants in Japan. European Journal of Plant Pathology 154(4), 1091-1102.
------- Outbreak on dahlia in Akita prefecture eradicate.