EPPO Global Database

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae(PSDMAK)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2011
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned, at low prevalence (2019-06)
From CABI Disease map 1043 (2012): Present, few occurrences
EPPO Reporting Service (2011/188) : detected in 2011 in 2 plots (15 and 23 ha) on yellow kiwi in Galicia. Plant material had been imported from an Italian nursery (Emilia-Romagna). Infected material has been destroyed and surveys are being undertaken.

The NPPO (2011-11) provided additional details: the first detection was made in a plot of 15 ha located in 'Santa Maria de Oia' (province of Pontevedra, Galicia). Intensive surveys detected the bacterium in 2 other plots in the province of Pontevedra: in Burgueira (26 ha) and Tomino (1 ha).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/203) : País Vasco (first found in 2015 in Gipuzkoa, in a small private orchard).

From NPPO (2017): during official surveys, the bacterium was detected in 3 kiwifruit orchards in the municipality of Pravia. Under eradication.

From NPPO (2018): the outbreak detected in 2015 in Gipuzkoa (see above) was successfully eradicated. However, new outbreaks were detected in 2018 in kiwifruit orchards in Abegondo (Galicia) and in Baztan (Navarra). Under official control.

From NPPO (2019): an outbreak was found in an Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward plantation (0.61 ha; 13 years old) in the municipality of Errenteria (Gipuzkoa province, País Vasco). Another outbreak was detected in an orchard (2.5 ha) in the municipality of Carreño (Asturias). Under official control.
* Abelleira A, Ares A, Aguin O, Picoaga A, Lopez MM, Mansilla P (2014) Current situation and characterization of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidae on kiwifruit in Galicia (northwest Spain). Plant Pathology 63(3), 691-699.
------- Details on the situation in Galicia (all isolates were Psa3 population which includes strains of haplotype 2).

* Abelleira Argibay A, Aguin Casal O, Ares Yebra A, Mansilla Vazquez (2014) Enfermedades y plagas del kiwi en Galicia: bacterias y nematodos (II). Phytoma-Espana no. 259, 28-32.
------- Galicia. It is noted that in Spain, damage has not reached major economic levels.

* Abelleira A, Lopez MM, Penalver J, Aguin O, Mansilla JP, Picoaga A, Garcia MJ (2011) First report of bacterial canker of kiwifruit caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae in Spain. Plant Disease 95(12), p 1583.

* Anonymous (2016) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2015. Phytoma-España no. 278, 16-52 and Phytoma-España no. 279, 16-40.

* EPPO Technical Document no. 1060. Report of the 49th Working Party on Phytosanitary Regulations (Baku, 2011-06-21/24).
------- On the basis of a statement made by Mr Cobos-Suarez (NPPO of Spain).

* NPPO of Spain (2011-11, 2017-08, 2018-02, 2018-05, 2019-02, 2019-06).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Corse Present, no details view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Present, restricted distribution view...