EPPO Global Database

Polygraphus proximus(POLGPR)

Distribution details in Russia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
Native range: Khabarovsk and Primorsky territories, Sakhalin and Kuril Islands (Far East).
Introduced range: Leningrad, Moscow (Central European Russia); Altai Republic and Territory, Kemerovo, Khakassia, Novosibirsk, Tomsk (Western Siberia); Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk (Eastern Siberia).

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/216) : the native range of P. proximus includes the Russian Far East where it is usually considered as a secondary pest. This bark beetle has been introduced in the European part of Russia and in Siberia where it is causing tree mortality (on Abies sibirica) in taiga forests.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/087) : also in Altay (Western Siberia).

In the Leningrad region, only one specimen of P. proximus was detected in 1999 on a Picea abies tree, the pest is not considered established in this area. In addition, A. sibirica artificial stands in parks in St. Petersburg and its surroundings have been monitored since the 2000s and no bark-beetle damage has been found (EPPO, 2014).

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/161) : first found in July 2017 in Irkutsk province.
References
* Akulov EN, Kulinich OA, Ponomarev VL (2011) Polygraphus proximus – new invasive pest of Russian coniferous forests. Zashita i Karantin Rastenii no 7, p 34-35.

* Baranchikov Y, Pashenova N, Petko V (2012) United they stand: invasive association of four-eyed fir bark beetle and ophiostomal fungus destroy fir taiga forest in Siberia. Abstract of a paper presented at the 3rd meeting of IUFRO Working Unit 7.03.12 ‘Alien invasive species and international trade’ (Tokyo, JP, 2012-06-10/16)
http://hyoka.nenv.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/alien2012/alien_abst/o04.pdf (abst.)
http://hyoka.nenv.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/alien2012/alien_report/O04_Baranchikov.pdf (presentation).

* Belova NV, Ulanov AV, Takhtuev AS (2013) Preliminary analysis of the invasive bark beetle Polygraphus proximus occurrence in wood products moved out from Krasnoyarsk Krai. Plant Health Research and Practice 4(6), 37-43.
------- Transport (railway) of non-debarked wood of Abies sibirica (round wood/posts) is the major pathway.

* Bystrov SO, Antonov IA (2019) First record of the four-eyed fir bark beetle Polygraphus proximus Blandford, 1894 (Coleoptera, Curculionidae: Scolytinae) from Irkutsk Province, Russia. Entomological Review 99(1), 54–55.
------- Irkutsk province (Eastern Siberia).

* Chilakhsaeva EA (2008) First record of Polygraphus proximus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Moscow province. Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists 113(6), 39-42.

* Chilahsaeva EA (2010) Genus Polygraphus Erichson, 1836 (Coleoptera, Scolytidae): species of Moscow region fauna survey. Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists 115(3), 48-50.

* EPPO (2014) Pest Risk Analysis for Polygraphus proximus. EPPO, Paris, 91 pp.

* Gninenko YI, Cheelakhsaeva EA, Klukin MS (2010) New risk for European forests - ussuryjsky bark beetle Polygraphus proximus. Proceedings of the first Serbian forestry Congress - Future with Forests (Belgrade, SR, 2010-11-11/13), pp 171–172.

* INTERNET:
- Baranchikov Y, Akulov E, Astapenko S (2010) Bark beetle Polygraphus proximus: a new aggressive far eastern invader on Abies species in Siberia and European Russia. USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/37559
- Chilahsaeva EA (2011) List of bark beetles (Scolytidae) of some regions of the European part of Russia. Polygraphus proximus Blandford, 1894 (Scolytidae) http://www.zin.ru/Animalia/Coleoptera/eng/polpro__.htm
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
China Jilin Present, no details view...
China Present, no details view...
China Heilongjiang Present, no details view...
Estonia Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Korea Dem. People's Republic Present, no details view...