EPPO Global Database

Picea glauca(PIEGA)

Pests

Organism Type
Pucciniastrum areolatum (as Picea) (PUCIAR) Alternate
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Doubtful host
* Prentice RM (1966) Vol. 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
Dendroctonus frontalis (DENCFR) Doubtful host
* Dodds KJ, Aoki CF, Arango-Velez A, Cancelliere J, D’Amato AW, DiGirolomo MF & Rabaglia RJ (2018) Expansion of southern pine beetle into northeastern forests: Management and impact of a primary bark beetle in a new region. Journal of Forestry, 116(2), 178–191. https://doi.org/10.1093/jofore/fvx009
------- One tree attacked in Connecticut but not confirmed that it could allow full life cycle.
Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (CHMYAR) Experimental
Fusarium circinatum (GIBBCI) Experimental
* Drenkhan R, Ganley B, Martín-García J, Vahalík P, Adamson K, Adamčíková K, Ahumada R, Blank L et al. (2020) Global geographic distribution and host range of Fusarium circinatum, the causal agent of pine pitch canker. Forests 11(7), 724.
------- Highly variable susceptibility observed during glasshouse experiments.
Melampsora medusae (as Picea) (MELMME) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Picea) (MELMMD) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Acleris gloverana (as Picea) (ACLRGL) Host
Acleris variana (ACLRVA) Host
Acleris variana (as Picea) (ACLRVA) Host
Allantophomopsiella pseudotsugae (as Picea) (POTECO) Host
Arceuthobium americanum (as Picea) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium douglasii (as Picea) (AREDO) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Picea) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Picea) (AREPU) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Liu T (1987) Biosystematics of the genus Chionaspis (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Diaspididae) of North America, with emphasis on polymorphism. Masters Theses. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 305 p.; Magasi, 1992
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Picea) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura conflictana (ARCHCO) Host
* Prentice RM (1966) Volume 4. Microlepidoptera. In: Forest Lepidoptera of Canada recorded by the Forest Insect Survey. Department of Forestry, Canada, Publication 1142 (1965), 543–840.
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Picea) (CHONFU) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Choristoneura occidentalis biennis (CHONBI) Host
* Brunet B, Sperling FAH (2013) Identification and ecological characterisation of Choristoneura occidentalis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in southwestern Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 145, 521-528.

* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Choristoneura occidentalis occidentalis (ARCHOC) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (as Picea) (CHMYAR) Host
Chrysomyxa himalensis (as Picea) (CHMYHI) Host
Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri (as Picea) (CHMYRH) Host
Cinara curvipes (TODOCU) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Dendroctonus micans (DENCMI) Host
* Grégoire JC (1988) The greater European spruce beetle. In: Dynamics of forest insect populations (Ed. by Berryman A) Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, USA. pp. 455-478.
Dendroctonus rufipennis (DENCRU) Host
* Holsten EH, Thier RW, Schmid JM (1989) The spruce beetle. USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 127, 12 pp.

* Ostaff DP, Newell WR (1981) Spruce mortality in Nova Scotia caused by the spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis Kby. Information Report, Maritimes Forest Research Centre, Canada No. M-X, 122 pp.

* Werner R, Holsten EH (1995) Current status of research with the spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis., pp 23-39. In: Salom SM, Hobson KR (eds) Application of Semiochemicals for Management of Bark Beetle Infestations - Proceedings of and Information Conference. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America (1993-12-12/16), USDA-Forest Service, 54 pp.
Dendroctonus rufipennis (as Picea) (DENCRU) Host
Dendroctonus valens (DENCVA) Host
* Atkinson TH (2018) Bark and ambrosia beetles (US and Canada). Available at: http://www.barkbeetles.info/regional_chklist_target_species.php?lookUp=491 (accessed 29 June 2018)
------- Occasional host record. No information could be found on whether non-Pinus allow complete development from egg to adult.
Gilpinia hercyniae (GILPPO) Host
Gilpinia hercyniae (as Picea) (GILPPO) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (GREMAB) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Picea) (GREMAB) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (HETEIR) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Picea) (HETEIR) Host
Ips amitinus (as Picea) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips hauseri (as Picea) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips subelongatus (as Picea) (IPSXFA) Host
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Picea) (MONCGA) Host
Monochamus impluviatus (as Picea) (MONCIM) Host
* Pavlovskii EN, Shtakelberg AA (Eds.) (1955) Forest pests. Guide. V 2, p. 422–1097. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow-Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian). 

* Plavilshchikov NN (1958) Monochamus impluviatus Motsch. Siberian speckled sawyer. In Fauna of the USSR. Coleoptera. V. XXIII. Part I. Longhorn Beetles. Part 3. Sub-family Lamiinae. Part I., pp. 526–528. Nauka Publishing House, Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian).  
Monochamus marmorator (as Picea) (MONCMR) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus notatus (MONCNO) Host
* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus scutellatus (MONCST) Host
* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus scutellatus (as Picea) (MONCST) Host
* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus sutor (as Picea) (MONCSU) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus titillator (as Picea) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.
Neodiprion abietis (NEODAB) Host
* Bird RD (1930) Notes on the fir sawfly Neodiprion abietis Harris. 60th Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 1929, 76-82 (abst.).
------- As Picea canadensis.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes strobi (PISOST) Host
* Humble LM, Humphreys N, Van Sickle GA (1994) Distribution and hosts of the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Peck), in Canada. pp. 68-75. In AIfaro RI, Kiss G, Fraser RG (eds) The white pine weevil: biology, damage and management. Proceedings of a symposium held January 19-21, 1994 in Richmond, British Columbia. FRDA Report No. 226. 75 pp.
------- breeding host

* Laffin R, Langor D, Sperling F (2004) Population structure and gene flow in the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97(5), 949-956.

* Whitehill JGA, Bohlmann J (2019) A molecular and genomic reference system for conifer defence against insects. Plant Cell and Environment 42(10), 2844-2859.
Pristiphora abietina (as Picea) (PRISAB) Host
Sirex ermak (as Picea) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Picea) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Picea) (TETOGR) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Picea) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Living host.
Xylosandrus germanus (as Picea) (XYLBGE) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (AREPU) Major host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Picea) (BURSMU) Major host
Choristoneura fumiferana (CHONFU) Major host
Lambdina fiscellaria (LAMBFI) Major host
* Maine Forest Service (2001) Hemlock looper Lambdina fiscellaria (Gn.). Maine Department of Conservation. https://www.maine.gov/dacf/mfs/forest_health/insects/hemlock_looper.htm 
------- Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria

*  Natural Resource Canada (2015) Western hemlock looper  https://tidcf.nrcan.gc.ca/en/insects/factsheet/1000002 
-------Lambina fiscellaria lugubrosa 
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Major host
Monochamus saltuarius (as Picea) (MONCSL) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus urussovi (as Picea) (MONCUR) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Major host
* Morris, 1980
Orgyia leucostigma (as Picea) (HEMELE) Major host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Maier CT, Lemmon CR, Fengler JM, Schweitzer DF, Reardon RC, (2004) Caterpillars on the Foliage of Conifers in the Northeastern United States. Morgantown, WV. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. FHTET-2004-01. March 2004. 151 p.
Pissodes nemorensis (PISONE) Major host