EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium'(PHYPPH)

Distribution details in Iran

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Present, no details
From CABI Disease map 1172 (2015): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2011/042) : almond witches' broom occurs in the centre and southern parts of Iran (Emammieh, Chelvan and Najafabad). Phytoplasmas related to 'Ca. P. phoenicium' could be detected in diseased almond trees, as well as other phytoplasmas species.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/143) : wild almond (Prunus scoparia) might serve as a natural reservoir.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/114) : found during surveys on phytoplasmas conducted from 2013 to 2015 in vineyards (Vitis vinifera) in the provinces of Qazvin, Lorestan and Markazi.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/027) : found on symptomatic apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca) in Fars province.

found in apricot and peach orchards in seven provinces in Iran in 2012-2017.
References
* Salehi M. Salehi E, Siampour M, Quaglino F, Bianco PA (2018) Apricot yellows associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ in Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 57(2), 269-283.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-22588

* Salehi M, Haghshenas F, Khanchezar A, Esmailzadeh-Hosseini SA (2011) Association of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' with GF-677 witche's broom in Iran. Bulletin of Insectology 64(suppl.), S113-S114.
------- On P. amygdalus x P. persica trees planted in Beedzard and Estahban (Fars province).

* Salehi M, Salehi E, Abbasian M, Izadpanah K (2015) Wild almond (Prunus scoparia), a potential source of almond witches’ broom phytoplasma in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 97(2), 377-381.

* Salehi M, Esmailzadeh Hosseini SA, Salehi E, Quaglino F, Attilio Bianco P (2020) Peach witches’-broom, an emerging disease associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’ in Iran. Crop Protection 127, 104946. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2019.104946.

* Salehi M, Salehi E, Siampour M, Esmailzadeh Hosseini SA, Quaglino F, Attilio Bianco P (2020) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium associated with apricot yellows and peach witches' broom in Iran. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 9(1), 215-216.

* Zamharir MG, Paltrinieri S, Hajivand S, Taheri M, Bertaccini A (2017) Molecular identification of diverse ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma’ species associated with grapevine decline in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 165(7-8), 407-413.

* Zirak L, Bahar M, Ahoonmanesh A (2009) Characterization of phytoplasmas associated with almond diseases in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 157(11-12), 736-741.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Turkey Absent, invalid record view...