EPPO Global Database

Pelargonium x hortorum(PELZO)

Pests

Organism Type
Beet curly top virus (as Geraniaceae) (BCTV00) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Pelargonium) (TORTPR) Host
Cacyreus marshalli (as Pelargonium) (CACYMA) Host
* Lupi D, Jucke C (2005) The butterfly Cacyreus marshalli in northern Italy and susceptibility of commercial cultivars of Pelargonium. Poster at: Introduction and Spread of Invasive Species 9–11 June 2005. Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (as Pelargonium) (CHRXER) Host
Epichoristodes acerbella (as Pelargonium) (EPIOIO) Host
Erwinia chrysanthemi (as Pelargonium) (ERWICH) Host
Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV00) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp
Pelargonium zonate spot virus (as Pelargonium) (PZSV00) Host
Puccinia pelargonii-zonalis (as Pelargonium) (PUCCPZ) Host
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (RALSPS) Host
* Rossato, M, Santiago TR, Mizubuti ESG, Lopes CA (2017) Characterization and pathogenicity to geranium of Brazilian strains of Ralstonia spp.. Tropical Plant Pathology 42, 458–467 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40858-017-0177-x

* Weibel J, Tran TM, Bocsanczy AM, Daughtrey M, Norman DJ, Mejia L, Allen C (2016) A Ralstonia solanacearum strain from Guatemala infects diverse flower crops, including new asymptomatic hosts vinca and sutera, and causes symptoms in geranium, mandevilla vine, and new host African daisy (Osteospermum ecklonis). Plant Health Progress 17, 114-121
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (as Pelargonium) (RALSPS) Host
* Rossato, M, Santiago TR, Mizubuti ESG, Lopes CA (2017) Characterization and pathogenicity to geranium of Brazilian strains of Ralstonia spp.. Tropical Plant Patholology 42(6), 458–467

* Santiago TR, Lopes CA, Caetano-Anollés G and Mizubutia ESG (2017) Phylotype and sequevar variability of Ralstonia solanacearum in Brazil, an ancient centre of diversity of the pathogen. Plant Pathology 66,383–392

* Yahiaoui N, Chéron J-J, Ravelomanantsoa S, Hamza AA., Petrousse B, Jeetah R, Jaufeerally-Fakim Y, Félicité J, Fillâtre J, Hostachy B, Guérin F, Cellier G, Prior P, Poussier S (2017) Genetic Diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 2139
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Host
* Ji P, Allen C, Sanchez Perez A, Yao J, Elphinstone JG, Jones JB and Momol MT (2007) New diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains associated with vegetable and ornamental crops in Florida. Plant Disease 91:195-203.
Ralstonia solanacearum (as Pelargonium) (RALSSL) Host
* Hong JC, Norman DJ, Reed DL, Momol MT and Jones JB (2012) Diversity among Ralstonia  solanacearum  strains  isolated  from  the  southeastern United States. Phytopathology 102, 924-936.

* N'Guessan CA, Brisse S, Le Roux-Nio A-C, Poussier S, Koné D, Wicker E (2013) Development of variable number of tandem repeats typing schemes for Ralstonia solanacearum, the agent of bacterial wilt, banana Moko disease and potato brown rot. Journal of Microbiological Methods 92, 366-374

* Rossato, M, Santiago TR, Mizubuti ESG, Lopes CA (2017) Characterization and pathogenicity to geranium of Brazilian strains of Ralstonia spp.. Tropical Plant Pathology 42, 458–467 

* Janse JD, van den Beld HE, Elphinstone J, Simpkins S, Tjou-Tam-Sin NNA, van Vaerenbergh J (2004) Introduction to Europe of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 race 3 in Pelargonium zonale cuttings. Journal of Plant Pathology 86, 147-145

* Ravelomanantsoa S, Robène I, Chiroleu F, Guérin F, Poussier S, Pruvost O, Prior P (2016) A novel multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis typing scheme for African phylotype III strains of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex. PeerJ. 4:e1949. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1949.
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Host
* Ji P, Allen C, Sanchez Perez A, Yao J, Elphinstone JG, Jones JB and Momol MT (2007) New diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains associated with vegetable and ornamental crops in Florida. Plant Disease 91:195-203.

* Rossato, M, Santiago TR, Mizubuti ESG, Lopes CA (2017) Characterization and pathogenicity to geranium of Brazilian strains of Ralstonia spp.. Tropical Plant Pathology 42, 458–467 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40858-017-0177-x

* Weibel J, Tran TM, Bocsanczy AM, Daughtrey M, Norman DJ, Mejia L, Allen C (2016) A Ralstonia solanacearum strain from Guatemala infects diverse flower crops, including new asymptomatic hosts vinca and sutera, and causes symptoms in geranium, mandevilla vine, and new host African daisy (Osteospermum ecklonis). Plant Health Progress 17, 114-121
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (as Pelargonium) (RALSSO) Host
* Hong JC, Norman DJ, Reed DL, Momol MT and Jones JB (2012) Diversity among Ralstonia  solanacearum  strains  isolated  from  the  southeastern United States. Phytopathology 102:924-936.

* Janse JD, van den Beld HE, Elphinstone J, Simpkins S, Tjou-Tam-Sin NNA, van Vaerenbergh J (2004) Introduction to Europe of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 race 3 in Pelargonium zonale cuttings. Journal of Plant Pathology 86, 147-145

* N'Guessan CA, Brisse S, Le Roux-Nio A-C, Poussier S, Koné D, Wicker E (2013) Development of variable number of tandem repeats typing schemes for Ralstonia solanacearum, the agent of bacterial wilt, banana Moko disease and potato brown rot. Journal of Microbiological Methods 92, 366-374

* Ravelomanantsoa S, Robène I, Chiroleu F, Guérin F, Poussier S, Pruvost O, Prior P (2016). A novel multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis typing scheme for African phylotype III strains of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex. PeerJ. 4:e1949. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1949.

* Rossato, M, Santiago TR, Mizubuti ESG, Lopes CA (2017) Characterization and pathogenicity to geranium of Brazilian strains of Ralstonia spp.. Tropical Plant Pathology 42(6), 458–467

* Santiago TR, Lopes CA, Caetano-Anollés G and Mizubutia ESG (2017) Phylotype and sequevar variability of Ralstonia solanacearum in Brazil, an ancient centre of diversity of the pathogen. Plant Pathology 66,383–392

* Yahiaoui N, Chéron J-J, Ravelomanantsoa S, Hamza AA., Petrousse B, Jeetah R, Jaufeerally-Fakim Y, Félicité J, Fillâtre J, Hostachy B, Guérin F, Cellier G, Prior P, Poussier S (2017) Genetic Diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 2139
Ripersiella hibisci (as Pelargonium) (RHIOHI) Host
* Jansen MGM (2001) Instar identification and some notes about the life cycle of Rhizoecus hibisci Kawai ; Takagi (Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Serie II, 33(3), 53-56.
Spodoptera eridania (as Pelargonium) (PRODER) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (as Pelargonium) (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Kemp WG (1967) Natural occurrence of tobacco ringspot virus in Pelargonium in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 47, 295-300.
------- As Pelargonium hortorum cv. Mme Salleron
Tomato ringspot virus (as Pelargonium) (TORSV0) Host
* Hollings M, Stone O & Dale W (1972): Tomato ringspot virus in Pelargonium in England. Plant pathology 21, 46-47.

* Kemp W (1969): Detection of Tomato Ringspot Virus in Pelargonium in Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey 49, 1-4.
Cacyreus marshalli (CACYMA) Major host
* John E, Thomas B, Başbay O, Cebeci Z, Coutsis JG (2018) The arrival of Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae) in Crete, with additional notes on range expansion in Greece and along coastal areas of northwestern Turkey. Entomologist's Gazette, 69(2), 85-97.
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Major host
* Ghotbi T, Shahraeen N, Winter S (2005) Occurrence of Tospoviruses in ornamental and weed species in Markazi and Tehran Provinces in Iran. Plant Disease 89(4), 425-429.
Puccinia pelargonii-zonalis (PUCCPZ) Major host
Ripersiella hibisci (RHIOHI) Major host
Tomato ringspot virus (TORSV0) Major host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.