EPPO Global Database

Persea americana(PEBAM)

Pests

Organism Type
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Artificial
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding on ripe fruit.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Incidental
* Aluja M, Diaz-Fleisher F, Arredondo J (2004) Non-host status of Persea americana ‘Hass’ to Anastrepha ludens, Anastrepha obliqua, Anastrepha serpentina, and Anastrepha striata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Mexico. Journal of Economic Entomology 97, 293-309.
------- 'Hass' avocado is a NON-HOST.

* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp. 

* Bush G (1957) Some notes on the susceptibility of avocados in Mexico to attack by the Mexican fruit fly. Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society 6, 75-95. 

* Bush GL (1962) The cytotaxonomy of the larvae of some Mexican fruit flies in the genus Anastrepha (Tephritidae, Diptera). Psyche 69(3), 87-101. 

* Stone A (1942) The fruitflies of the genus Anastrepha. USDA Miscellaneous Publications 439, 112 pp.
Ceratitis cosyra (CERTCO) Incidental
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Incidental
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Incidental
* EPPO (2020) Pest Risk Analysis for Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), citrus fruit borer, macadamia fruit borer. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/ECDYAU/documents
------- Uncertain hosts. No evidence was found if the pest completes its life cycle.

* White GL (1999) Sapindus saponaria L. (Sapindaceae), a new host of Ecdytolopha aurantianum (Lima) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Olethreutinae). International Journal of Pest Management, 45(4), 287–291. https://doi.org/10.1080/096708799227699
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Major
Amblypelta lutescens (AMBPLU) Major
* Lindsay KR, Zalucki MP, Newton IR, Furlong MJ (2019) Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of the Native Banana-Spotting Bug, Amblypelta lutescens lutescens (Hemiptera: Coreidae), in Avocado Crops in North Queensland, Australia, Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1812–1820. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz084
------- confirmed host
Avocado sunblotch viroid (ASBVD0) Major
Conotrachelus aguacatae (CONHAG) Major
Conotrachelus perseae (CONHPE) Major
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Major
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host
Heilipus lauri (HEILLA) Major
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Major
Neocosmospora euwallaceae (FUSAEW) Major
Oligonychus perseae (OLIGPA) Major
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Major
Paraleyrodes minei (PARYMI) Major
Phytophthora cinnamomi (PHYTCN) Major
Pseudacysta perseae (PSEYPE) Major
Raffaelea lauricola (RAFFLA) Major
Scirtothrips perseae (SCITPE) Major
Stenoma catenifer (STENCA) Major
Tetraleurodes perseae (TETLPE) Major
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major
Xylosandrus morigerus (XYLSMO) Major
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Minor
Diaprepes abbreviatus (DPREAB) Minor
Helopeltis antonii (HELOAN) Minor
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Minor
Parasaissetia nigra (SAISNI) Minor
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Minor
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Minor
Pseudacysta perseae (as Persea) (PSEYPE) Minor
Radopholus similis (RADOSI) Minor
Radopholus similis citrus race (RADOCI) Minor
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Minor
Xylosandrus compactus (XYLSCO) Minor
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Unclassified
* Gillespie PS (2012) A review of the whitefly genus Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Australia. Zootaxa 3252, 1-42.
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Aleurodicus dugesii (ALEDDU) Unclassified
Anastrepha serpentina (ANSTSE) Unclassified
Anoplophora chinensis (as Persea) (ANOLCN) Unclassified
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Unclassified
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI., Hamacek EL., Hancock DL., Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology suppl 7, 1-92.   

* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).
Bactrocera caryeae (BCTRCR) Unclassified
* Ramani S, David KJ, Viraktamath CA, Kumar ARV (2008) Identity and distribution of Bactrocera caryeae (Kapoor) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) - A species under the Bactrocera dorsalis complex in India. Biosystematica 2, 49-57.
Bactrocera kandiensis (BCTRKA) Unclassified
* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Unclassified
* Hendrival H, Aryani DS, Saputri N (2020) Diversity and host range of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in horticultural commodities in Lembah Seulawah District, Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Horticulture 3(1), 6-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.33089/jthort.v3i1.38
------- confirmed host. 
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Unclassified
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Unclassified
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Unclassified
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=56
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis fasciventris (CERTFA) Unclassified
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis fasciventris. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=63
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Unclassified
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis quilicii. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=434
------- Confirmed host.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (CERPCE) Unclassified
Ceroplastes destructor (CERPDE) Unclassified
Ceroplastes stellifer (VINSST) Unclassified
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Unclassified
Elsinoë perseae (SPHAPE) Unclassified
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Unclassified
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
------- As host of PSHB (polyphagous shot hole borer).
Euwallacea kuroshio (as Persea) (EUWAKU) Unclassified
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) Unclassified
* Wanjiku EK, Waceke JW, Wanjala BW, Mbaka JN (2020) Identification and pathogenicity of fungal pathogens associated with stem end rots of avocado fruits in Kenya. International Journal of Microbiology. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4063697
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Unclassified
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Unclassified
* González (1989) Insectos y acaros de importancia agricola y cuarentenaria en Chile. Universidad de Chile: 310 pp
------- confirmed host (as palto)

* Lanteri A, del Río MG (2017) Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) species group (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Naupactini): a comprehensive taxonomic treatment. Journal of Natural History 51, 27-28.

* Luppichini B P, Isla F, Henriquez IU, Olivares N, Fernando PY, Alvarez (2013) Manejo del Burrito de la vid, Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) y otros curculiónidos asociados a vides
Neosilba glaberrima (NSILGL) Unclassified
* Martins de Almeida LB, Coelho JB, Uchoa MA, Gisloti LJ (2019) Diversity of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritoidea) and Their Host Plants in a Conservation Unit from Midwestern Brazil. Florida Entomologist, 102(3), 562-570. https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0333
------- confirmed host
Neosilba zadolicha (NSILZA) Unclassified
* Martins de Almeida LB, Coelho JB, Uchoa MA, Gisloti LJ (2019) Diversity of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritoidea) and Their Host Plants in a Conservation Unit from Midwestern Brazil. Florida Entomologist, 102(3), 562-570. https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0333
------- confirmed host
Papaya mosaic virus (PAPMV0) Unclassified
Penthimiola bella (PETHBE) Unclassified
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Unclassified
Scirtothrips aurantii (SCITAU) Unclassified
* Bara GT, Laing MD (2019) Determination of the natural host status of avocado fruit to pestiferous thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa," African Entomology, 27(1), 245-253 https://doi.org/10.4001/003.027.0245
------- confirmed host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Unclassified
* Aranda BR and Flechtman CHW (1971) A report on the Tetranychidae of Paraguay. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 73: 29-33.
------- confirmed host
Xyleborus glabratus (XYLBGR) Unclassified
Xyleborus neivai (XYLBNE) Unclassified
Xyleborus perforans (XYLBPE) Unclassified
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (XYLBCR) Unclassified
* Nel WJ, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Duong TA (2020) The granulate ambrosia beetle, Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), and its fungal symbiont found in South Africa. Zootaxa, 4838(3), 427–435. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4838.3.7
------- confirmed host in South Africa.
Zaprionus indianus (ZAPRIN) Unclassified
Zeuzera coffeae (ZEUZCO) Unclassified