EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus'(LIBEAS)

Distribution details in India

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1960s
From CABI Disease map 766 (2012): Present, restricted distribution
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (522/03) of 1992-04: present in the northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/115) : according to Bové (1995) Virus and virus-like diseases of citrus in the Near East region (FAO), present in all citrus-growing areas including many states not previously mentioned specifically.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/053) : surveys (from 2007 to 2012) using molecular techniques (real-time PCR) have showed that 'Ca. L. asiaticus' is widespread in India.
References
* Bhagabati, K.N.; Ahlawat, Y.S.; Chakraboty, N.K.; Borthakur, B.C. (1989) Distribution of greening, tristeza and mosaic diseases of citrus in north-eastern states of India. Indian Phytopathology 42, 552-555.

* Bové, J.M. (1995) Virus and virus-like diseases of citrus in the Near East region. FAO, Rome, 518 pp.

* Das AK (2008) Citrus greening (Huanglonbing) disease in India: present status and diagnostic efforts. Proceedings of the International Research Conference on Huanglongbing (Orlando, US, 2008-12-01/05), 126-130.
------- The presence of HLB was first suspected in the 1960s in India.

* Das AK, Nerkar S, Bawage S, Kumar A (2014) Current distribution of huanglongbing (citrus greening disease) in India as diagnosed by real-time PCR. Journal of Phytopathology 162(6), 402-406.

* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Kapur, S. P.; Sohi, H. S. (1990) Proceedings, Citrus Seminar on Prospects and Problems of Kinnow Cultivation, Ludhiana, India, 6-7 January 1989, pp. 143-149.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Bangladesh Present, no details view...
Bhutan Present, no details view...
China Guangdong Present, no details view...
China Jiangxi Present, no details view...
China Guangxi Present, no details view...
China Hunan Present, no details view...
China Xianggang (Hong Kong) Present, few occurrences view...
China Yunnan Present, no details view...
China Guizhou Present, no details view...
China Fujian Present, no details view...
China Hainan Present, no details view...
China Zhejiang Present, no details view...
China Sichuan Present, no details view...
China Present, no details view...
Myanmar Present, no details view...
Nepal Present, widespread view...
Pakistan Present, no details view...