EPPO Global Database

Pontederia crassipes(EICCR)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2022: Present, no details
EPPO Reporting Service (2006/243)

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/045) : considered invasive in Spain.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/066) : Situation of Eichhornia crassipes in the Guadiana river (ES)
espite intensive management efforts through the removal of 183 000 tonnes of plant material in 2004 and 2006, and of 40 000 tonnes removed in 2010, the species spread again in 2011. Forty one thousand (51 000) tonnes were removed in 2012. As of 2012, more than 21 million euros had been spent to manage the species.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/231) : occurs in Valencian area and Baleares.

EPPO Reporting Service (2022/227) : control in the Guadalquivir River in Seville (Andalucia).
* Andreu J, Vilá M, Hulme PE (2009) An assessment of stakeholder perceptions and management of noxious alien plants in Spain. Environmental Management 43, 1244-1255.

* Brunel S, Schrader G, Brundu G, Fried G (2010) Emerging invasive alien plants for the Mediterranean Basin. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 40(2), 219-238.

* Coetzee, J. A., Hill, M. P., Ruiz-Téllez, T., Starfinger, U., & Brunel, S. (2017). Monographs on invasive plants in Europe N° 2: Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Botany Letters, 164(4), 303-326.

* El País (2013) El camalote enraíza en el Guadiana. 24 Marso. http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/03/23/actualidad/1364077349_999085.html

* García-de-Lomas J, Dana ED, Borrero J, Yuste J, Corpas A, Boniquito JM, Castilleja FJ, Martínez JM, Rodríguez C, Verloove F (2022) Rapid response to water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) invasion in the Guadalquivir river branch in Seville (southern Spain). Management of Biological Invasions 13 (in press).

* Mayoral O, Mascia F, Podda L, Laguna E, Fraga P, Rita J, Frigau L, Bacchetta G (2018) Alien plant diversity in Mediterranean wetlands: a comparative study within Valencian, Balearic and Sardinian floras. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici. DOI: 10.15835/nbha46210470.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Present, few occurrences view...
France Corse Present, few occurrences view...
Morocco Present, no details view...
Portugal Present, no details view...