EPPO Global Database

Bactrocera dorsalis(DACUDO)

Distribution details in United States of America (California)

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Transient, under eradication
Pest status declared by NPPO: Transient, actionable, and under eradication (2018-09)
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/26) : latest record in November 1995.

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/35) : found again in Los Angeles county in 1997-08. Quarantine measures applied.

EPPO Reporting Service (2001/012) : low numbers found in 2000, not triggering action.

EPPO Reporting Service (2002/020) : 33 adults found in various locations in 2001 (Los Angeles, Orange, Santa Clara, San Diego, Contra Costa and San Bernardino counties). See also NAPPO Phytosanitary Alerts of 2001-08-06, 2001-09-04, 2001-09-07

- Several incursions of B. dorsalis took place in California from 2003 to 2010 but in August 2012, the NPPO officially declared the eradication of B. dorsalis from California and USA (presumably continental US territory - as nothing indicates that B. dorsalis no longer occurs in Hawaii).
- Detected again in July 2013 in parts of Orange county (9 larva, 92 adults) and of the Los Angeles county (19 adults), under eradication.
- In April 2014, quarantine was lifted in Orange and Los Angeles counties. In May 2014, the pest was declared eradicated from California.
- In June 2015, found in the Cupertino area of Santa Clara and in the Inglewood area of Los Angeles. Eradicated in 2016.
- In August 2017, 8 adult flies were found in Los Angeles. Eradicated in January 2018.
- In August 2018, 9 adult flies were found in Sacramento and Yolo counties. Under eradication.



References
* Anon. (1983) Citrograph 69 (2), 32-33, 42.

* IPPC website. Official Pest Reports – USA. Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) eradicated from California (2012-07-10). https://www.ippc.int/index.php

* NAPPO Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta (Canada), 2001-10-15/19.

* NPPO Phytosanitary Alert System. Official Pest Reports.
- USA (2018-09-19) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly): APHIS Establishes a Quarantine in Sacramento and Yolo County, California. https://www.pestalerts.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=766
- USA (2018-03-13) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - APHIS Removes the Quarantine Area in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California. https://www.pestalerts.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=743
- USA (2017-09-12) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - APHIS establishes new regulated area in Los Angeles, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=726
- USA (2016-08-19) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - Removal of Quarantine in the Inglewood Area of Los Angeles County, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=676
- USA (2015-08-19) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - APHIS establishes new regulated areas in California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=631
- USA (2016-01-15) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - Removal of Quarantine Area in Covina, Los Angeles County, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=647
- USA (2015-12-10) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - Removal of Quarantine Area in Cupertino, Santa Clara County, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=643
- USA (2014-05-22) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) eradicated in California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=579
- USA (2012-07-10) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) eradicated from California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=521
- USA (2011-07-11) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) - Removal of quarantine area in Los Angeles County, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=490
- USA (2010-11-30) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) - Removal of quarantine area in Sacramento/Placer Counties, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=469
- USA (2010-08-12) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) - Establishment of a Quarantine Area in Los Angeles County, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=446
- USA (2010-07-08) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly, OFF) – Establishment of a Quarantine Area in Sacramento and Placer Counties, California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=438
- USA (2010-04-28) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) - Removal of Quarantined Area in Los Angeles County, California.http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=426
- USA (2009-08-12) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) – Establishment of a Quarantine Area in Los Angeles County, California – United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=387
- USA (2009-06-24) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) – Removal of Quarantined Area in Los Angeles County, California - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=383
- USA (2008-08-28) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) – Establishment of a Quarantine Area in Los Angeles County, California - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=341
- USA (2006-11-21) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) - Quarantined Area in Orange County, California - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=241
- USA (2006-09-14) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly), Quarantine Area in San Bernardino County, California - United States. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=223
- USA (2004-07-06) Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly), Quarantine areas in California-Orange County. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=109
- USA (2003-11-04) Oriental Fruit Fly (OFF) (Bactrocera dorsalis) in California. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=90

* Papadopoulos NT, Plant RE, Carey JR (2013) From trickle to flood: the large-scale, cryptic invasion of California by tropical fruit flies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B no. 208, 30131466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.1466

* Rogers, J.; Redding, J.; (1997) USDA quarantines part of Los Angeles county, California, for Oriental fruit flies. USDA Press release. APHIS Web site on INTERNET. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/press/1997/08/orentfly.txt

* Stocks SD (2014) Update on fruit flies in the United States. NPDN First Detector Network News 9(2), 5-6.

* Stocks SD (2013) New regulated areas established in California for Oriental fruit fly. NPDN First Detector Network News 8(4), p 4.
------- Found in parts of Orange and Los Angeles counties.

* Stocks S (2011) Updates on recent fruit fly eradication efforts. First Detector Network News, NPDN 6(7/8), 3-4.
------- Detected in August 2010 in Los Angeles County but subsequently eradicated.