EPPO Global Database

Cynara scolymus(CYUSC)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Doubtful host
* Batlle A, Sabaté J, Laviña A (2007) First report of phytoplasmas associated with the degeneration syndrome of artichoke in Catalonia (Spain). Plant Disease 91(6), p 769.
-------The isolate found on Cynara scolymus is not confirmed to belong 'Ca. Phytoplasma solani' (no data about 16SrXII subgroup; nucleotide sequence not available).
Stagonosporopsis chrysanthemi (MYCOLG) Experimental
Artichoke Italian latent virus (AILV00) Host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV00) Host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Dickeya dianthicola (ERWICD) Host
* Samson R, Legendre JB, Christen R, Fischer-Le Saux M, Achouak W, Gardan L (2005) Transfer of Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al., 1953) Brenner I. 1973 and Brenneria paradisiaca to the genus Dickeya gen. nov. as Dickeya chrysanthemi comb. nov and Dickeya paradisiaca comb. nov. and delineation of four novel species, Dickeya dadantii sp. nov., Dickeya dianthicola sp. nov., Dickeya dieffenbachiae sp. nov. and Dickeya zeae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 55, 1415–1427.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Kogan M, Helm CG, Kogan J, Brewer E (1989) Distribution and economic importance of Heliothis virescens and Heliothis zea in North, Central, and South America and of their natural enemies and host plants. InProceedings of the Workshop on Biological Control of Heliothis: Increasing the Effectiveness of Natural Enemies, New Delhi, India, 11-15 November 1985 1989. New Delhi, India: Office of International Cooperation & Development, USDA.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Larraín PS, Salas CF, Jana AC, Graña SF (2013) Major artichoke pests (Cynara cardunculus sub. scolymus L.) in Coquimbo region, Chile. Acta Horticultura 983, 301-305.

* Roditakis Ν (1998) First Record of the South American Leafminer Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Greece. Entomologia Hellenica 12, 81-83.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Host
* Greco N, di Vito M & Basile M (2005) Nematode parasites of artichoke and their management. Acta Horticulturae 681, 587-592.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Gacemi A, Taibi A, El Houda Abed N, M'hammedi Bouzina M, Bellague D, Tarmoul K (2019) Effect of four host plants on nutritional performance of cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Crop Protection 8(3), 361-371.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Bari MA, Natwick ET (2017) UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Artichoke. UC ANR Publication 3434.

* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Host
* Anfoka GH, Abhary MK (2007) Occurrence of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV) in Jordan. EPPO Bulletin 37, 186–190.

* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Oxycarenus lavaterae (as Cynara) (OXYALV) Major host
Pelargonium zonate spot virus (PZSV00) Major host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.