EPPO Global Database

Cynara scolymus(CYUSC)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Doubtful host
* Batlle A, Sabaté J, Laviña A (2007) First report of phytoplasmas associated with the degeneration syndrome of artichoke in Catalonia (Spain). Plant Disease 91(6), p 769.
-------The isolate found on Cynara scolymus is not confirmed to belong 'Ca. Phytoplasma solani' (no data about 16SrXII subgroup; nucleotide sequence not available).
Stagonosporopsis chrysanthemi (MYCOLG) Experimental
Artichoke Italian latent virus (AILV00) Host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV00) Host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Host
* Greco N, di Vito M & Basile M (2005) Nematode parasites of artichoke and their management. Acta Horticulturae 681, 587-592.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Gacemi A, Taibi A, El Houda Abed N, M'hammedi Bouzina M, Bellague D, Tarmoul K (2019) Effect of four host plants on nutritional performance of cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Crop Protection 8(3), 361-371.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Bari MA, Natwick ET (2017) UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Artichoke. UC ANR Publication 3434.

* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Oxycarenus lavaterae (as Cynara) (OXYALV) Major host
Pelargonium zonate spot virus (PZSV00) Major host
* Minutillo SA, Spanò R, Gallitelli D, Mascia T (2021) Simultaneous detection of 10 viruses in globe artichoke by a synthetic oligonucleotide-based DNA polyprobe. European Journal of Plant Pathology  160, 991–997.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.