EPPO Global Database

Cynara scolymus(CYUSC)

Code created in: 2002-02-03

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: CYUSC
  • Preferred name: Cynara scolymus
  • Authority: Linnaeus


This is the cultivated artichoke, derived from the wild Mediterranean species C. cardunculus (q.v.). The young flowering heads are consumed whole (when young, as typically in Italy) or else only the bases of the bracts and the receptacle (when older, as typically in France). Some authors do not distinguish it as a separate species 

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus (Linnaeus) Beger

Common names
Name Language
artichoke English
globe artichoke English
Artischocke German
echte Artischocke German
artichaut French
artichaut scolyme French
bérigoule French
alcachofa Spanish (HN)
alcachofera Spanish
alcarchofa Spanish
alcaucil Spanish (AR)
articiocco Italian
carcioffolo Italian
carciofo Italian
scarcioffolo Italian
artisjok Dutch
alcachofra Portuguese
alcachofra-hortense Portuguese
kronärtskocka Swedish
arteeshok Hebrew
אַרְטִישׁוֹק Hebrew
itsas-kardo Basque
orburu Basque
carxofa Catalan
carxofera Catalan
artičoka Croatian
haathee chak Hindi
vajraangee Hindi
वज्रांगी Hindi
हाथी चक Hindi
carchòfa Occitan
consòlo Occitan
anghinare Romanian
артишок посівний Ukrainian