EPPO Global Database

Cucumis melo(CUMME)

Pests

Organism Type
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus (CLCUGV) Alternate
* Gambley C, Cremer J, Campbell P, Roach R, Abdel-Salam AM (2020) New host records for cotton leaf curl Gezira virus: capsicum and melon in Egypt. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 15, 3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-019-0372-3
Andean potato latent virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Cucurbitaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental
* Bitencourt NV, Silva GS (2010) Reproducao de Meloidogyne enterolobii em olericolas (Reproduction of Meloidogyne enterolobii on vegetables). Nematologia Brasileira 34, 181–183

* Diniz GMM , Candido WS, Silva EHC, Marin MV, Franco CA, Braz LT,Soares PLM (2016) Screening melon genotypes for resistance to Meloidogyne enterolobii. African Journal of Agricultural Research 11(26), 2271-2276. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2015.11175
------- large greenhouse stud

* Freitas VM, Silva JGP, Gomes CB, Castro JMC, Correa VR (2017) Host status of selected cultivated fruit crops to Meloidogyne enterolobii. European Journal of Plant Pathology 148, 307-319.
------- greehouse study
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Agrotis segetum (as Cucurbitaceae) (AGROSE) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Cucurbitaceae) (ALEDDU) Host
Alfalfa mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (AMV000) Host
Anastrepha grandis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ANSTGR) Host
Aonidiella citrina (as Cucurbitaceae) (AONDCI) Host
Apomecyna binubila (as Cucurbitaceae) (APOMBI) Host
Aulacophora abdominalis (AUACAB) Host
Aulacophora hilaris (as Cucurbitaceae) (AUACHI) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
Baris granulipennis (as Cucurbitaceae) (BARIGR) Host
Beet curly top virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (BCTV00) Host
Bemisia tabaci (as Cucurbitaceae) (BEMITA) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Circulifer tenellus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CIRCTE) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* Narmadhavathy S, Kamala Nayar, Gokulapalan C, Geetha D (2016) First report of leaf spot disease of culinary melon caused by Colletotrichum fructicola in India. Indian Phytopathology, 69(3):318-319
Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV00) Host
* Louro D, Quinot A, Neto E, Fernandes JE, Marian D, Vecchiati M, Caciagli P, Vaira AM (2004) Occurrence of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in cucurbitaceous species in southern Portugal. Plant pathology 53(2), 241.

* Mansour A,  Al‐Musa A (1993) Cucumber vein yellowing virus; host range and virus vector relationships. Journal of Phytopathology, 137(1), 73-78.
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CYSDV0) Host
Dacus bivittatus (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUBI) Host
* Hassani IM, Delatte H, Ravaomanarivo LH, Nouhou S, Duyck PF (2022) Niche partitioning via host plants and altitude among fruit flies following the invasion of Bactrocera dorsalis. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12522
Delia platura (as Cucurbitaceae) (HYLEPL) Host
Diaphania indica (as Cucurbitaceae) (DPHNIN) Host
Diaporthe sclerotioides (as Cucurbitaceae) (PHOPSC) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm

* Sandhu HS (2010) Biology and cultural control of lesser cornstalk borer on sugarcane. PhD thesis. University of Florida. https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/E0/04/14/72/00001/sandhu_h.pdf
Epilachna elaterii (as Cucurbitaceae) (EPILCH) Host
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults as "melon [likely Citrullus lanatus or Cucumis melo]"
Frankliniella occidentalis (as Cucurbitaceae) (FRANOC) Host
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Quaintance AL, Brues CT (1905) The cotton bollworm. US Depatment of Agriculture. Bureau of entomology. Bulletin 50. 155 pp.
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) Host
* Suwannarach N, Khuna S, Kumla J, Tanruean K, Lumyong S (2020) First Report of Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fruit rot on melon (Cucumis melo) in Thailand. Plant Disease 2020 104:1, 280-280
------- Confirmed host.
Leptoglossus australis (as Cucurbitaceae) (LEPLAU) Host
Liriomyza bryoniae (as Cucurbitaceae) (LIRIBO) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (as Cucumis) (LIRIHU) Host
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Araujo EL, Feitosa Nogueira CH , Menezes Netto AC, Carlos,  Souza Bezerra CE (2013). Biological aspects of the leafminer Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on melon (Cucumis melo L.). Ciência Rural, 43(4), 579-582. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782013000400003

* Mazumdar S, Bhuiya BA (2017) True flies: biology and plant hosts of vegetable leafminer Liriomyza sativae Blanchard (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from Bangladesh. Bugs R All no 159. In: Zoo’s Print 32(8), 12-21.

* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.

* Stegmaier CE (1966) Host plants and parasites of Liriomyza munda in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Florida Entomologist 49(2), 81-86.
------- confirmed host. Rearing record

* Tran DH (2009) Agromyzid leaf miners and their parasitoids on vegetables in Central Vietnam. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences 15(2), 21-33.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in commercial vegetable fields
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
Liriomyza trifolii (as Cucumis) (LIRITR) Host
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
* Bellé C, Kuhn PR, Kaspary TE, Groth MZ, Cocco KLT (2017) Meloidogyne ethiopica parasitizing melon fields in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 124(4), 393-397.
--------- In Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cultivars tested showed variable host status from poor host (cvs. Ananas, Bt Akhisar Topan 016, Kirkagac 637), to good host (cv. Hasanbey).
Myiopardalis pardalina (as Cucurbitaceae) (CARYPA) Host
Neocosmospora keratoplastica (CYLCVG) Host
* González V, García-Martínez S, Flores-León A, Ruiz JJ, Pico B, Garces-Claver A (2020) Neocosmospora keratoplastica, a relevant human fusarial pathogen is found to be associated with wilt and root rot of Muskmelon and Watermelon crops in Spain: epidemiological and molecular evidences. Eur J Plant Pathol 156, 1189–1196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-01931-z
Pantoea ananatis (ERWIAN) Host
* Kido K, Adachi R, Hasegawa M, Yano K, Hikichi Y, Takeuchi S, Atsuchi T, Takikawa Y (2008) Internal fruit rot of netted melon caused by Pantoea ananatis (=Erwinia ananas) in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology 74, 302-312.
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Fu Castillo AA, Fontes Puebla AA, Galaz Cota D, Mendoza Quintana D, Ozuna Badachi D (2011) Campaña de Vigilancia Fitosanitaria de Plagas Exoticas Invasivas de Vid en el Estado de Sonora. Seminario de Viticultura. Hermosillo, Sonora Diciembre de 2011.
Pratylenchus coffeae (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRATCO) Host
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).

* Valarezo O, Cañarte E, Navarrete B, Arias M (2003) [Prodiplosis longifila (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) main tomato pest in Ecuador.] Manual 51, INIAP, Ecuador. (in Spanish)
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Host
* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Host
* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ROTYRE) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).
Spodoptera litura (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4 pp. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Host
* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV00) Host
* Antignus Y, Lachman O, Pearlsman M, Omer S, Yunis H, Messika Y,  Uko O, Koren A (2003) Squash leaf curl geminivirus - a new illegal immigrant from the Western Hemisphere and a threat to cucurbit crops in Israel. Abstracts of presentations made at the 24th Congress of the Israeli Phytopathological Society. Phytoparasitica 31(4), p 415.
Squash mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (SQMV00) Host
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW (1996) Rediscovery of Tetranychus abacae Baker & Pritchard, additional description and notes on South American spider mites (Acari, Prostigmata, Tetranychidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 13: 569-578.
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Duran IC, Mesa NC, Estrada EI (1999) [Life cyle of Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and host plant registered in the Cauca Valley]. Revista Colombiana de Entomologia 25(3/4), 109-120 (in Spanish).

* Kajita H, Hirose Y, Takagi M, Okajima S, Napompeth B, Buranapanichpan S (1996) Host plants and abundance of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important pest of vegetables in Southeast Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology 31(1), 87-94,

* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Abdalla OA, Bruton BD, Fish WW, Ali A (2012) First confirmed report of Tobacco ringspot virus in cucurbits crops in Oklahoma. Plant Disease 96, 1705-1705.

* Tabara M, Nagashima Y, He Kai, Qian XiaoNing, Crosby KM, Jifon J, Jayaprakasha GK, Patil B, Koiwa H, Takahashi H, Fukuhara T (2021) Frequent asymptomatic infection with tobacco ringspot virus on melon fruit. Virus Research 293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2020.198266.
------- Asymptomatic.
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Mamoun Abdel-Salam AM, Rezk AA, Dawoud RA (2019) Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato chlorosis virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 22, 83-94. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2019.83.106
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Cucumis) (DACUCU) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCU) Host
Acidovorax citrulli (PSDMAC) Major host
* Hopkins DL, Thompson CM (2002) Seed transmission of Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli in cucurbits. HortScience 37:924–926.

* Isakeit T, Black MC, Barnes LW, Jones JB (1997) First report of infection of honeydew with Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli. Plant Disease 81: 694.
------ confirmed host

* Walcott RR, Fessehaie A, Castro A (2004) Differences in pathogenicity between two genetically distinct groups of Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli on cucurbit hosts. Journal of Phytopathology 152: 277–285. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2004.00841.x.
------ confirmed host

Alphanucleorhabdovirus melongenae (EMDV00) Major host
Anastrepha grandis (ANSTGR) Major host
Apomecyna binubila (APOMBI) Major host
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- Confirmed host.
Bactrocera latifrons (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV00) Major host
* Cho IS, Kim T-B, Yoon J-Y, Chung BN, Hammonf J, Lim H-S (2021) First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting Cucumis melo (muskmelon and oriental melon) in Korea. Plant Disease https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-20-2375-PDN
------- Confirmed on Cucumis melo, and Cucumis melo var. makuwa.

* Chang HY, Chen LC, Lin CC, Tsai WS (2021) First report of cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting melon, watermelon and wild melon in the Philippines. Journal of Plant Pathology 103, 681–682
------- as Cucumis melo and Cucumis agrestis.

* Gu Q, Liu Y, Wang Y, Huangu W, Gu H, Xu L song F, Brown JK (2011) First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus in cucumber, melon and watermelon in China. Plant Disease 95(1), p 73.
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV0) Major host
* Mondal S, Jenkins Hladky LL, Melanson RA, Singh R, Sikora E, Wintermantel WM (2021) First report of cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus and cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus in cucurbit crops in Alabama. Plant Disease. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-21-0922-PDN
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.

* White IM (2006) Taxonomy of the Dacina (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Africa and the Middle East. African Entomology Memoir 2, 156 pp.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Major host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Major host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Larval and adult host.
Diaphania indica (DPHNIN) Major host
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV00) Major host
Liriomyza bryoniae (LIRIBO) Major host
* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Major host
Melon yellow spot virus (MYSVV0) Major host
* Kato K, Hanada K, Kameya-Iwaki M (2000) Melon yellow spot virus: a distinct species of the genus Tospovirus isolated from melon. Phytopathology, 90(4), 422-426.
Monosporascus cannonballus (MSPSCB) Major host
Myiopardalis pardalina (CARYPA) Major host
Serratia marcescens (SERRMA) Major host
Serratia marcescens (as Cucurbitaceae) (SERRMA) Major host
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Ito T, Sharma P, Kittipakorn K, Ikegami M (2008) Complete nucleotide sequence of a new isolate of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucumber, bottle gourd and muskmelon in Thailand. Archives of Virology 153(3), 611-613.
------- confirmed host.

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.

Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WMCSV0) Major host
* Kheyr-Pour A, Bananej K, Dafalla GA, Caciagli P, Noris E, Ahoonmanesh A, Lecoq H, Gronenborn B (2000) Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus from the Sudan and Iran: Sequence comparisons and identification of a whitefly-transmission determinant. Phytopathology 90(6), 629-635.
Zeugodacus cucumis (DACUCM) Major host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Major host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672

* Jakhar S, Kumar V, Choudhary PK, Lal B (2020) Estimation losses due to fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) on long melon in semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 8(6), 632-635.
------- Cucumis melo var.  utilissimus.
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV00) Major host
* Desbiez C., Lecoq H (1997) Zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Plant pathology, 46(6), 809-829.
Zeugodacus cucumis (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCM) Wild/Weed