EPPO Global Database

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis(CORBMI)

Distribution details in Italy

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, few occurrences
Pest status declared by NPPO: Transient, actionable, under eradication (2017-08)
From CABI Disease map 026 (2009): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1998/28) : serious attacks found in tomato in Puglia and Basilicata in June 1997. First report in southern Italy since an isolated case 15 years earlier. Probably linked to use of an infected seed lot.

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/65) : also record in February 1997 in Lazio.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/095) : one outbreak in Lombardia in 1998.

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/157) : one outbreak in Puglia region in 2010, under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/114) : one outbreak in Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in 2010, under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/014) : from May to July 2010, severe outbreaks of bacterial canker were observed in 16 fields (more than 300 ha) in the province of Viterbo, Lazio region.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/038) : in summer 2010, a severe outbreak was observed in field tomatoes in Basilicata and Puglia. All infected tomato crops (cv. 'Uno Rosso') derived from the same seed lot.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/101) : detected in glasshouse tomatoes in Sardegna and Lazio in spring 2013, in both cases eradication measures were taken.

From NPPO (2017): one outbreak detected in a private vegetable garden in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Eradication measures were taken.
References
* Anonymous (1998) Bilancio Fitosanitario dell'anno 1998. Informatore Fitopatologico, no. 3, 5-34 and no. 4, 3-39.

* Calzolari, A. (1986) Informatore Fitopatologico 36 (5), 11-17.

* Cariddi, C. (1997) [Severe infections of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis in tomato field plants in Apulia and Basilicata (Southern Italy)]. Informatore Fitopatologico, no. 12, 42-46.

* Fanigliulo A, Viggiano A, Piegari G, Crezcenzi A (2011) Serious outbreak of bacterial canker of tomato in Southern Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 93(4S), S4.31.

* Lamichhane JR, Balestra GM, Varvaro L (2011) Severe outbreak of bacterial canker caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis on tomato in Central Italy. Plant Disease 95(2), p 221.

* NPPO of Italy (2010-07, 2010-11, 2013-04, 2013-05, 2017-08).

* Scortichini, M. (1997) Disease Note. Early infections of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis on tomato cultivated in unheated greenhouse in Central Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology, 79(3), p 223.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Absent, pest eradicated view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Slovenia Transient, under eradication view...
Switzerland Present, widespread view...