EPPO Global Database

Citrullus lanatus(CITLA)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Cucurbitaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Experimental
* Stamova L, Sotirova V (1987) Reaction of different crops to artificial inoculation with Corynebacterium michiganense (E.F. Sm.) H.L. Jensen. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 23, 211–216.
------- As Citrulis edulis. Causes stem canker. Not confirmed in other publications.
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding on ripe fruit.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Agrotis segetum (as Cucurbitaceae) (AGROSE) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Cucurbitaceae) (ALEDDU) Host
Alfalfa mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (AMV000) Host
Anastrepha grandis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ANSTGR) Host
Aonidiella citrina (as Cucurbitaceae) (AONDCI) Host
Apomecyna binubila (as Cucurbitaceae) (APOMBI) Host
Aulacophora hilaris (as Cucurbitaceae) (AUACHI) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Goergen G, Vayssières JF, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M (2011) Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the Afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa. Environmental Entomology 40(4), 844-854.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Patel RK, Chowdhurry FK, Joshi B (2005) Patterns of infestation of agricultural hosts by fruit flies in north Gujarat, pp. 24-25. In:  Mumford J (Project Leader) Project Integrated management of fruit flies in India (R8089). Final Technical Report, 190 pp.
Baris granulipennis (as Cucurbitaceae) (BARIGR) Host
Beet curly top virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (BCTV00) Host
Bemisia tabaci (as Cucurbitaceae) (BEMITA) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Premachandra WTS, Borgemeister C (2006) Infestation of Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on selected food crops in Thailand. Ruhuna Journal of Science 1(1), 41-46.

* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Circulifer tenellus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CIRCTE) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* EFSA PLH Panel (EFSA Panel on Plant Health), Bragard C, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques M-A, Jaques Miret JA, Justesen AF, MacLeod A, Magnusson CS, Milonas P, Navas-Cortes JA, Parnell S, Potting R, Thulke H-H, Van der Werf W, Civera AV, Yuen J, Zappala L,  Migheli Q, Vloutoglou I, Campese C, Maiorano A, Streissl F, Reignault PL (2021) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Colletotrichum fructicola. EFSA Journal 19(8), 6803, 41 pp
Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV00) Host
* Louro D, Quinot A, Neto E, Fernandes JE, Marian D, Vecchiati M, Caciagli P, Vaira AM (2004) Occurrence of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in cucurbitaceous species in southern Portugal. Plant pathology 53(2), 241.

* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R

* Mansour A,  Al‐Musa A (1993) Cucumber vein yellowing virus; host range and virus vector relationships. Journal of Phytopathology, 137(1), 73-78.
------- as Citrullus vulgaris.
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CYSDV0) Host
Dacus bivittatus (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUBI) Host
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.

* White IM (2006) Taxonomy of the Dacina (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Africa and the Middle East. African Entomology Memoir 2, 156 pp.
Delia platura (as Cucurbitaceae) (HYLEPL) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host - as Citrullus vulgaris and as Citrullus lanatus.
Diaphania indica (as Cucurbitaceae) (DPHNIN) Host
Diaporthe sclerotioides (as Cucurbitaceae) (PHOPSC) Host
Epilachna elaterii (as Cucurbitaceae) (EPILCH) Host
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults as "melon [likely Citrullus lanatus or Cucumis melo]"
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Frankliniella occidentalis (as Cucurbitaceae) (FRANOC) Host
Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV00) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Quaintance AL, Brues CT (1905) The cotton bollworm. US Depatment of Agriculture. Bureau of entomology. Bulletin 50. 155 pp.
------- as Citrullis vulgaris.
Leptoglossus australis (as Cucurbitaceae) (LEPLAU) Host
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV00) Host
Liriomyza bryoniae (as Cucurbitaceae) (LIRIBO) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Ccahuana D, Joyo G, Castillo J, Beyer A, Rodriguez P (2020) Ocurrencia estacional de plagas y predadores en el cultivo de sandía (Citrullus lanatus)(Thunb.) en La Molina. Anales Científicos 81(2), 318-329.
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
Megalurothrips usitatus (MEGTUS) Host
* Reyes CP (1994) Thysanoptera (Hexapoda) of the Philippine Islands. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 42(2), 107-507.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
------- As Citrullus vulgaris.

* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH. Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
* Ramírez-Suárez A, Rosas-Hernández L, Alcasio-Rangel S, Powers TO (2014) First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii parasitizing watermelon from Veracruz, Mexico. Plant Disease 98(3), 428-429.

* Yang B, Eisenback JD (1983) Meloidogyne enterolobii n.sp. (Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing pacara earpot tree in China. Journal of Nematology 15(3), 381–391

* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. Crimson Sweet was found to be a poor host but cv. Chaleston Gray was found to be a good host.
Myiopardalis pardalina (CARYPA) Host
Myiopardalis pardalina (as Cucurbitaceae) (CARYPA) Host
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Chadwick CF (1965) Checklist of the Brachyderinae (Col. Curculionidae) occurring in Australia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Australia (NSW) 2, 21-34.
Neocosmospora keratoplastica (CYLCVG) Host
* González V, García-Martínez S, Flores-León A, Ruiz JJ, Pico B, Garces-Claver A (2020) Neocosmospora keratoplastica, a relevant human fusarial pathogen is found to be associated with wilt and root rot of Muskmelon and Watermelon crops in Spain: epidemiological and molecular evidences. Eur J Plant Pathol 156, 1189–1196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-01931-z
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora capsici (PHYTCP) Host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Fu Castillo AA, Fontes Puebla AA, Galaz Cota D, Mendoza Quintana D, Ozuna Badachi D (2011) Campaña de Vigilancia Fitosanitaria de Plagas Exoticas Invasivas de Vid en el Estado de Sonora. Seminario de Viticultura. Hermosillo, Sonora Diciembre de 2011.
Pratylenchus coffeae (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRATCO) Host
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Ccahuana D, Joyo G, Castillo J, Beyer A, Rodriguez P (2020) Ocurrencia estacional de plagas y predadores en el cultivo de sandía (Citrullus lanatus)(Thunb.) en La Molina. Anales Científicos 81(2), 318-329.

* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Host
* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Host
* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ROTYRE) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera litura (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Coto D, Saunders JL, Vargas-S CL, King ABS (1995) Plagas invertebradas de cultivos tropicales con énfasis em América Central-Um invetário. Turrialba, CATIE, 200 pp.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV00) Host
* Isakeit T, Robertson NL, Brown JK, Gilbertson RL (1994) First report of Squash Leaf Curl Virus on watermelon in Texas. Plant Disease 78 (10), 1010.
Squash mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (SQMV00) Host
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* EPPO (2008) Pest Risk Analysis for Tetranychus evansi. 47pp. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/TETREV/documents
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Kajita H, Hirose Y, Takagi M, Okajima S, Napompeth B, Buranapanichpan S (1996) Host plants and abundance of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important pest of vegetables in Southeast Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology 31(1), 87-94,

* Elizondo AI, Murguido CA, Pérez I, Piedra F, Peña E, Martínez M, Martell M, de los Ángeles Fernández M, Sariol H, Rodríguez S, Jiménez R, Granda G, Palacios F (2003) Thrips palmi Karny en la agricultura cubana. Fitosanidad 7(2), 1-9.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Abdalla OA, Bruton BD, Fish WW, Ali A (2012) First confirmed report of Tobacco ringspot virus in cucurbits crops in Oklahoma. Plant Disease 96, 1705-1705.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV) Host
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV0) Host
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Citrullus) (DACUCU) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCU) Host
Acidovorax citrulli (PSDMAC) Major host
* Burdman S, Walcott R (2012) Acidovorax citrulli: generating basic and applied knowledge to tackle a global threat to the cucurbit industry. Molecular Plant Pathology 13: 805–815. DOI: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2012.00810.x.

* Schaad NW, Sowell G, Goth RW, Colwell RR, Webb RE (1978) Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes subsp. citrulli subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28: 117–125.
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. Journal of Econonmic Entomololy 103(1), 70-76.
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera latifrons (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV00) Major host
* Chang HY, Chen LC, Lin CC, Tsai WS (2021) First report of cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting melon, watermelon and wild melon in the Philippines. Journal of Plant Pathology 103, 681–682.

* Jailani AA, Iriarte F, Hochmuth B, Willis SM, Warren M, Dey K, Velez-Climent M, McVay J, Bag S, Paret ML (2022) First report of cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus affecting watermelon in the United States. Plant Disease 106(2), p 774. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-21-0639-PDN

* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV0) Major host
* Kousik CS, Adkins S (2020) Detection of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus infecting watermelon in South Carolina. Plant Health Progress 21(2) (abstract). https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-03-20-0016-BR
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Major host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diaphania indica (DPHNIN) Major host
Liriomyza bryoniae (LIRIBO) Major host
Melon yellow spot virus (MYSVV0) Major host
Monosporascus cannonballus (MSPSCB) Major host
Serratia marcescens (SERRMA) Major host
Serratia marcescens (as Cucurbitaceae) (SERRMA) Major host
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Major host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* Prasad J, Bhattacharya AK (1975) Growth and development of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) on several plants. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 79, 34-48.
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Venkataravanappa V (2020) Characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus associated with leaf curl and yellowing disease of Watermelon and development of LAMP assay for its detection, 3 Biotech, 10 (6) DOI: 10.1007/s13205-020-02245-x
------- confirmed host. 
Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WMCSV0) Major host
* Kheyr-Pour A, Bananej K, Dafalla GA, Caciagli P, Noris E, Ahoonmanesh A, Lecoq H, Gronenborn B (2000) Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus from the Sudan and Iran: Sequence comparisons and identification of a whitefly-transmission determinant. Phytopathology 90(6), 629-635.

* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R
Watermelon silver mottle virus (WMSMOV) Major host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Major host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Zucchini lethal chlorosis virus (ZLCV00) Major host
* Aguiar RWS, Alves GB, Queiroz AP, Nascimento IT, Lima MF (2018) Evaluation of weeds as virus reservoirs in watermelon crops. Planta Daninha 36, e018171593 (online). https://www.scielo.br/pdf/pd/v36/0100-8358-PD-36-e018171593.pdf

* Aguiar RWS, Rodriques A, Portella ACF, Lopes MM, Lima MF, Resende RO, Nagata T (2015) Serological identification of virus in watermelon production fields in the Tocantins State. Brazilan Archives of Biology and Technology 58(2), 192-197. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-8913201400219

* Kitajima EW (2020) An annotated list of plant viruses and viroids described in Brazil (1926-2018). Biota Neotropica 20(2), e20190932. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-bn-2019-0932
------- Epidemics in Central Brazil.
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV00) Major host
* Desbiez C., Lecoq H (1997) Zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Plant pathology, 46(6), 809-829.
Zeugodacus cucumis (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCM) Wild/Weed