EPPO Global Database

Citrullus lanatus(CITLA)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Cucurbitaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Experimental
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding on ripe fruit.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Agrotis segetum (as Cucurbitaceae) (AGROSE) Host
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Cucurbitaceae) (ALEDDU) Host
Alfalfa mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (AMV000) Host
Anastrepha grandis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ANSTGR) Host
Aonidiella citrina (as Cucurbitaceae) (AONDCI) Host
Apomecyna binubila (as Cucurbitaceae) (APOMBI) Host
Aulacophora hilaris (as Cucurbitaceae) (AUACHI) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Goergen G, Vayssières JF, Gnanvossou D, Tindo M (2011) Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae), a new invasive fruit fly pest for the Afrotropical region: Host plant range and distribution in West and Central Africa. Environmental Entomology 40(4), 844-854.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Patel RK, Chowdhurry FK, Joshi B (2005) Patterns of infestation of agricultural hosts by fruit flies in north Gujarat, pp. 24-25. In:  Mumford J (Project Leader) Project Integrated management of fruit flies in India (R8089). Final Technical Report, 190 pp.
Baris granulipennis (as Cucurbitaceae) (BARIGR) Host
Beet curly top virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (BCTV00) Host
Bemisia tabaci (as Cucurbitaceae) (BEMITA) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Premachandra WTS, Borgemeister C (2006) Infestation of Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on selected food crops in Thailand. Ruhuna Journal of Science 1(1), 41-46.

* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Circulifer tenellus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CIRCTE) Host
Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV00) Host
* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CYSDV0) Host
Dacus bivittatus (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUBI) Host
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.

* White IM (2006) Taxonomy of the Dacina (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Africa and the Middle East. African Entomology Memoir 2, 156 pp.
Delia platura (as Cucurbitaceae) (HYLEPL) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host - as Citrullus vulgaris and as Citrullus lanatus.
Diaphania indica (as Cucurbitaceae) (DPHNIN) Host
Diaporthe sclerotioides (as Cucurbitaceae) (PHOPSC) Host
Epilachna elaterii (as Cucurbitaceae) (EPILCH) Host
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults as "melon [likely Citrullus lanatus or Cucumis melo]"
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Frankliniella occidentalis (as Cucurbitaceae) (FRANOC) Host
Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV00) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (as Cucurbitaceae) (HELIZE) Host
Leptoglossus australis (as Cucurbitaceae) (LEPLAU) Host
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV00) Host
Liriomyza bryoniae (as Cucurbitaceae) (LIRIBO) Host
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
------- As Citrullus vulgaris.

* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH. Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
* Ramírez-Suárez A, Rosas-Hernández L, Alcasio-Rangel S, Powers TO (2014) First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii parasitizing watermelon from Veracruz, Mexico. Plant Disease 98(3), 428-429.

* Yang B, Eisenback JD (1983) Meloidogyne enterolobii n.sp. (Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing pacara earpot tree in China. Journal of Nematology 15(3), 381–391

* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
Myiopardalis pardalina (CARYPA) Host
Myiopardalis pardalina (as Cucurbitaceae) (CARYPA) Host
Neocosmospora keratoplastica (CYLCVG) Host
* González V, García-Martínez S, Flores-León A, Ruiz JJ, Pico B, Garces-Claver A (2020) Neocosmospora keratoplastica, a relevant human fusarial pathogen is found to be associated with wilt and root rot of Muskmelon and Watermelon crops in Spain: epidemiological and molecular evidences. Eur J Plant Pathol 156, 1189–1196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-01931-z
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phytophthora capsici (PHYTCP) Host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
Pratylenchus coffeae (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRATCO) Host
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ROTYRE) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera litura (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Coto D, Saunders JL, Vargas-S CL, King ABS (1995) Plagas invertebradas de cultivos tropicales con énfasis em América Central-Um invetário. Turrialba, CATIE, 200 pp.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV00) Host
Squash mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (SQMV00) Host
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* EPPO (2008) Pest Risk Analysis for Tetranychus evansi. 47pp. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/TETREV/documents
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
Thrips palmi (as Cucurbitaceae) (THRIPL) Host
Tobacco ringspot virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (TRSV00) Host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (TSWV00) Host
Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV) Host
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV0) Host
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Citrullus) (DACUCU) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCU) Host
Acidovorax citrulli (PSDMAC) Major host
* Burdman S, Walcott R (2012) Acidovorax citrulli: generating basic and applied knowledge to tackle a global threat to the cucurbit industry. Molecular Plant Pathology 13: 805–815. DOI: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2012.00810.x.

* Schaad NW, Sowell G, Goth RW, Colwell RR, Webb RE (1978) Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes subsp. citrulli subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28: 117–125.
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. Journal of Econonmic Entomololy 103(1), 70-76.
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera latifrons (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV00) Major host
* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV0) Major host
Diaphania indica (DPHNIN) Major host
Liriomyza bryoniae (LIRIBO) Major host
Melon yellow spot virus (MYSVV0) Major host
Monosporascus cannonballus (MSPSCB) Major host
Serratia marcescens (SERRMA) Major host
Serratia marcescens (as Cucurbitaceae) (SERRMA) Major host
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Major host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* Prasad J, Bhattacharya AK (1975) Growth and development of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) on several plants. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 79, 34-48.
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Venkataravanappa V (2020) Characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus associated with leaf curl and yellowing disease of Watermelon and development of LAMP assay for its detection, 3 Biotech, 10 (6) DOI: 10.1007/s13205-020-02245-x
------- confirmed host. 
Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WMCSV0) Major host
* Luria N, Smith E, Sela N, Koren A, Lachman O, Dombrovsky A (2019) Insights into a watermelon virome contribute to monitoring distribution of whitefly-borne viruses. Phytobiomes Journal 3(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1094/PBIOMES-07-18-0034-R
Watermelon silver mottle virus (WMSMOV) Major host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Major host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV00) Major host
Zeugodacus cucumis (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCM) Wild/Weed