EPPO Global Database

Citrus limon(CIDLI)

Pests

Organism Type
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (as Citrus) (DEUTTR) Artificial
Anastrepha suspensa (as Citrus) (ANSTSU) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Rutaceae) (LIBEAF) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Rutaceae) (LIBEAS) Incidental
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Incidental
Ceratitis cosyra (as Citrus) (CERTCO) Incidental
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (as Citrus) (PHMPOM) Incidental
Thrips palmi (as Citrus) (THRIPL) Incidental
Aceria sheldoni (ACEISH) Major
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Major
* Mound LA & Halsey SH (1978) Whitefly of the world. A systematic catalogue of the Aleyrodidae (Homoptera) with host-plant and natural enemy data. British Museum (Natural History) Publication. 1–340.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Major
Aleurothrixus floccosus (ALTHFL) Major
Alternaria citri (ALTECI) Major
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Major
* Huang YH, Huang HY, Qian MH, Huang HH (2019) Research on host selection of Anoplophora chinensis. Journal of Environmental Entomology 41(2), 323-328.
------- Confirmed host (full cycle completed).
Anoplophora chinensis (as Citrus) (ANOLCN) Major
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Aonidiella citrina (AONDCI) Major
Citrus bark cracking viroid (CBCVD0) Major
Citrus bark cracking viroid (as Citrus) (CBCVD0) Major
Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVD00) Major
Citrus impietratura agent (CSI000) Major
Citrus leaf blotch virus (as Citrus) (CLBV00) Major
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (as Citrus) (CSYV00) Major
Cryptosporiopsis citri (CYPTCI) Major
Dialeurodes citri (DIALCI) Major
Diaphorina citri (DIAACI) Major
* Aubert B (1990) Integrated activities for the control of huanglongbing-greening and its vector Diaphorina citri Kuwayama in Asia. In Proceedings of the Fourth FAO-UNDP International Asia Pacific Conference on Citrus Rehabilitation (Vol. 410, pp. 133-144).
------- confirmed host, as Citrus lemo

* Westbrook CJ, Hall DG, Stover E, Duan YP, Lee RF (2011) Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). HortScience, 46(7), 997-1005.
------- confirmed host
Diaporthe citri (DIAPCI) Major
Elsinoë fawcettii (ELSIFA) Major
* Chung K-R (2011) Elsinoё fawcettii and Elsinoё australis: The fungal pathogens causing citrus scab. Molecular Plant Pathology 12(2), 123-135. 

* Gopal K, Govindarajulu B, Ramana KTV, Kishore Kumar ChS, Gopi V, Gouri Sankar T, Mukunda Lakshmi L, Naga Lakshmi T, Sarada G (2014) Citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii): A review. Research and Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences 3(3), 49-58.
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Major
* McGregor EA (1943) A new spider mite on citrus in South-western California (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 45: 127-129.

* McGregor EA (1950) Mites of the family Tetranychidae. American Midland Naturalist, 44: 257-420.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Major
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Major
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Major
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Major
Oemona hirta (as Citrus) (OEMOHI) Major
Orchamoplatus citri (ORCMCI) Major
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Major
Paraleyrodes minei (PARYMI) Major
Paraleyrodes minei (as Citrus) (PARYMI) Major
Parlatoria ziziphi (PARLZI) Major
Pezothrips kellyanus (PEZTKE) Major
Phyllosticta citricarpa (GUIGCI) Major
* Aguilar-Vildoso C, Baldini J, Feichtenberger E, de Goes A, Spósito M (2002). [Technical manual with procedures for Citrus Black Spot]. Brasilia, Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimiento, Departamento de Defesa e Inspeção Vegetal. Projeto CEMERCOSUL ALA 93/143. 59 pp. (in Portuguese).

* Glienke C, Pereira OL, Stringari D, Fabris J, Kava-Cordeiro V, Galli-Terasawa L, Cunnington J, Shivas RG, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW (2011) Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot. Persoonia 26, 47.

* Kiely TB (1949) Black spot of citrus in New South Wales coastal orchards. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 60, 17-20.

* Kotzé JM (2000) Black spot. In LW Timmer, SM Garnsey & JH Graham, eds. Compendium of Citrus Diseases, 2nd edn, pp. 23–25. Saint Paul, MN, USA, APS Press. 128 pp.

* Kotzé JM (1981) Epidemiology and control of citrus black spot in South Africa. Plant Disease Reporter 65, 945-950.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major
Plenodomus tracheiphilus (DEUTTR) Major
Prays citri (PRAYCI) Major
Pseudococcus viburni (as Citrus) (PSECOB) Major
Scirtothrips citri (SCITCI) Major
Septoria citri (SEPTCI) Major
Septoria limonum (SEPTLI) Major
Sphaceloma fawcettii var. scabiosa (SPHAFS) Major
Spiroplasma citri (SPIRCI) Major
Toxoptera citricidus (TOXOCI) Major
Trioza erytreae (TRIZER) Major
* Moran VC (1968) The development of the citrus psylla, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Homoptera: Psyllidae), on Citrus and four indigenous host plants. Journal of the Entomological Society of southern Africa, 31: 391–402
------- confirmed host
Trioza erytreae (as Citrus) (TRIZER) Major
Trioza erytreae (as Rutaceae) (TRIZER) Major
Unaspis yanonensis (UNASYA) Major
Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii (as Citrus) (XANTAU) Major
Achatina fulica (as Citrus) (ACHAFU) Minor
Aleurocanthus woglumi (as Citrus) (ALECWO) Minor
Aleurothrixus floccosus (as Citrus) (ALTHFL) Minor
Alternaria citri (as Citrus) (ALTECI) Minor
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Citrus) (ANSTFR) Minor
Anastrepha ludens (as Citrus) (ANSTLU) Minor
Anastrepha obliqua (as Citrus) (ANSTOB) Minor
Aonidiella citrina (as Citrus) (AONDCI) Minor
Bactrocera caryeae (as Citrus) (BCTRCR) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (as Citrus) (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera minax (as Citrus) (DACUCT) Minor
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera tsuneonis (as Citrus) (DACUTS) Minor
* Hancock DL, Drew RAI (2018) A review of the subgenera Apodacus Perkins, Hemizeugodacus Hardy, Neozeugodacus May, stat. rev., Semicallantra Drew and Tetradacus Miyake of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Australian Entomologist 45(1), 105-132.
Bactrocera zonata (as Citrus) (DACUZO) Minor
Brevipalpus californicus (as Citrus) (BRVPAU) Minor
Brevipalpus lewisi (as Citrus) (BRVPLE) Minor
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Minor
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Citrus) (TORTPR) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (LIBEAF) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAF) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (LIBEAS) Minor
'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (as Citrus) (LIBEAS) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' (as Citrus) (PHYPAF) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (as Citrus) (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis quinaria (as Citrus) (CERTQU) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (as Citrus) (CERTRO) Minor
Ceroplastes destructor (as Citrus) (CERPDE) Minor
Circulifer tenellus (as Citrus) (CIRCTE) Minor
Citrus blight agent (CSB000) Minor
Citrus blight agent (as Citrus) (CSB000) Minor
Citrus exocortis viroid (as Citrus) (CEVD00) Minor
Citrus impietratura agent (as Citrus) (CSI000) Minor
Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato (as Citrus) (CILV00) Minor
Citrus psorosis ophiovirus (as Citrus) (CPSV00) Minor
Citrus tatter leaf virus (CTLV00) Minor
Citrus tatter leaf virus (as Citrus) (CTLV00) Minor
Citrus tristeza virus (as Citrus) (CTV000) Minor
Citrus vein enation virus (CVEV00) Minor
Citrus vein enation virus (as Citrus) (CVEV00) Minor
Citrus yellow mosaic virus (as Citrus) (CMBV00) Minor
Coccus viridis (as Citrus) (COCCVI) Minor
Cryptosporiopsis citri (as Citrus) (CYPTCI) Minor
Diabrotica speciosa (as Citrus) (DIABSC) Minor
Dialeurodes citri (as Citrus) (DIALCI) Minor
Diaphorina citri (as Citrus) (DIAACI) Minor
Diaphorina citri (as Rutaceae) (DIAACI) Minor
Diaporthe citri (as Citrus) (DIAPCI) Minor
Diaprepes abbreviatus (as Citrus) (DPREAB) Minor
Distantiella theobroma (as Citrus) (DISTTH) Minor
Elsinoë australis (ELSIAU) Minor
* Sivanesan A, Critchett C (1974) Elsinoë australis. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 440. CABI, Wallingford, UK.
Elsinoë fawcettii (as Citrus) (ELSIFA) Minor
Eotetranychus lewisi (as Citrus) (EOTELE) Minor
Epiphyas postvittana (as Citrus) (TORTPO) Minor
Eutetranychus orientalis (as Citrus) (EUTEOR) Minor
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (as Citrus) (XYLBFO) Minor
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (as Citrus) (ECDYAU) Minor
* Cabrera-Asencio I, Vélez A, Henríquez S & Santiago-Blay J (2013) Melicoccus bijugatus Jacquin (Sapindaceae), quenepa: A new host plant record for the Citrus Fruit Borer, Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and the genus Gymnandrosoma in Puerto Rico. Life: The Excitement of Biology, 1(1), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.9784/LEB1(1)Cabrera.02
------- confirmed host.
Hishimonus phycitis (as Citrus) (HISHPH) Minor
Homalodisca vitripennis (as Citrus) (HOMLTR) Minor
Hop stunt viroid (as Citrus) (HSVD00) Minor
Icerya aegyptiaca (as Citrus) (ICERAE) Minor
Icerya purchasi (as Citrus) (ICERPU) Minor
Icerya seychellarum (as Citrus) (ICERSE) Minor
Leptoglossus australis (as Citrus) (LEPLAU) Minor
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Citrus) (LOPLJA) Minor
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (as Citrus) (PHENHI) Minor
Meloidogyne exigua (as Citrus) (MELGEX) Minor
Naupactus xanthographus (as Citrus) (NAUPXA) Minor
Neoaliturus haematoceps (as Citrus) (NEOAHA) Minor
Orchamoplatus citri (as Citrus) (ORCMCI) Minor
Parabemisia myricae (as Citrus) (PRABMY) Minor
Parasaissetia nigra (as Citrus) (SAISNI) Minor
Parlatoria ziziphi (as Citrus) (PARLZI) Minor
Pezothrips kellyanus (as Citrus) (PEZTKE) Minor
Phyllocnistis citrella (as Citrus) (PHYNCI) Minor
Phytophthora citrophthora (as Citrus) (PHYTCO) Minor
Planococcus kenyae (as Citrus) (PLANKE) Minor
Planococcus lilacinus (as Citrus) (PLANLI) Minor
Platynota stultana (as Citrus) (PLAAST) Minor
Prays citri (as Citrus) (PRAYCI) Minor
Prays endocarpa (as Citrus) (PRAYEN) Minor
Pseudocercospora angolensis (as Citrus) (CERCAN) Minor
Radopholus similis citrus race (as Citrus) (RADOCI) Minor
Satsuma dwarf virus (as Citrus) (SDV000) Minor
Scirtothrips aurantii (SCITAU) Minor
Scirtothrips aurantii (as Citrus) (SCITAU) Minor
Scirtothrips citri (as Citrus) (SCITCI) Minor
Scirtothrips dorsalis (as Citrus) (SCITDO) Minor
Sphaceloma fawcettii var. scabiosa (as Citrus) (SPHAFS) Minor
Spiroplasma citri (as Citrus) (SPIRCI) Minor
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Minor
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Citrus) (ARGPLE) Minor
Theba pisana (as Citrus) (THEBPI) Minor
Thrips imaginis (as Citrus) (THRIIM) Minor
Tiracola plagiata (as Citrus) (TIRAPL) Minor
Toxoptera citricidus (as Citrus) (TOXOCI) Minor
Unaspis citri (UNASCI) Minor
Unaspis citri (as Citrus) (UNASCI) Minor
Unaspis yanonensis (as Citrus) (UNASYA) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (XANTCI) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Citrus) (XANTCI) Minor
Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (as Rutaceae) (XANTCI) Minor
Xylella fastidiosa (as Citrus) (XYLEFA) Minor
Aleuroclava aucubae (TETLAU) Unclassified
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Citrus) (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Citrus) (ALEDDU) Unclassified
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Unclassified
Anastrepha serpentina (as Citrus) (ANSTSE) Unclassified
Anastrepha striata (as Citrus) (ANSTST) Unclassified
Apriona germari (as Citrus) (APRIGE) Unclassified
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Unclassified
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI., Hamacek EL., Hancock DL., Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology suppl 7, 1-92.

* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).
Bactrocera minax (DACUCT) Unclassified
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong KLH, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 7, 1–92.

* Liquido NJ, Mcquate GT, Suiter KA, Norrbom AL, Yee WL, Chang CL (2019) Compendium of fruit fly host plant information: The USDA primary reference in establishing fruit fly regulated host plants. Book Chapter. 363-368.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.

* Xia Y, Ma XL, Hou BH, Ouyang GC (2018) A review of Bactrocera minax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in China for the purpose of safeguarding. Advances in Entomology 6, 35-61.
------- High incidence of the pest on this host in parts of China.
Bactrocera passiflorae (as Citrus) (BCTRPA) Unclassified
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Unclassified
Bactrocera tryoni (as Citrus) (DACUTR) Unclassified
Bathycoelia thalassina (as Citrus) (BATHTA) Unclassified
Brevipalpus azores (BRVPAZ) Unclassified
Brevipalpus azores (as Citrus) (BRVPAZ) Unclassified
Ceratitis fasciventris (CERTFA) Unclassified
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis fasciventris. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=63
------- Confirmed host.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (as Citrus) (CERPCE) Unclassified
Ceroplastes floridensis (as Citrus) (CERPFL) Unclassified
Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (as Citrus) (SCITSI) Unclassified
Chrysomphalus aonidum (as Citrus) (CHRYFI) Unclassified
Citrus leprosis N dichorhavirus (CILVN0) Unclassified
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Unclassified
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (as Citrus) (CRYBGN) Unclassified
Erythricium salmonicolor (as Citrus) (CORTSA) Unclassified
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Citrus) (EUWAPE) Unclassified
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Euzopherodes vapidella (as Citrus) (EPHEVA) Unclassified
Gascardia brevicauda (as Citrus) (GASDBR) Unclassified
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Unclassified
* Lima AM da C (1945) Insetos do Brasil 5° Tomo Lepidópteros parte 1. Escola Nacional de Agronomia, Série Didática, (7), 470. Retrieved from http://www.acervodigital.ufrrj.br/insetos/insetos.htm
------- confirmed host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Unclassified
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (as Citrus) (PHYORH) Unclassified
Luperomorpha xanthodera (as Citrus) (LUPMXA) Unclassified
Massicus raddei (as Citrus) (MALLRA) Unclassified
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Citrus) (PLTPMU) Unclassified
* Costilla MA, Venditti ME (1992) [Importance and control of taladrillo Platypus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Platypodidae), pest of citrus and avocado]. Revista Industrial y Agrícola de Tucumán 69(1-2), 163-166 (in Spanish).
------- On weakened trees.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Unclassified
* Olivares N, Morales N, Luppichini P, Lopez E (2014) Oviposition of Naupactus cervinus (Boheman) and Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under laboratory conditions on orange fruit. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 74, 502-505.

* Ripa R (1992) Burrito de los frutales Naupactus xanthographus (Germar), INIA, La Cruz, Chile.
------- confirmed host.
Otala lactea (as Citrus) (OTALLA) Unclassified
Pachnaeus azurescens (as Citrus) (PACNAZ) Unclassified
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Unclassified
* Aroua K, Bora Kaydan M, Ercan C, Biche M (2020) First Record of Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) in Algeria. Entomological News 129(1), 63-66. https://doi.org/10.3157/021.129.0109
------- confirmed host
Phyllosticta citricarpa (as Citrus) (GUIGCI) Unclassified
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (as Citrus) (PHYTNP) Unclassified
Ricania speculum (as Citrus) (RICASC) Unclassified
Rosellinia bunodes (as Citrus) (ROSLBU) Unclassified
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Citrus) (ROTYRE) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Tetranychus fijiensis (as Citrus) (TETRFI) Unclassified
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Unclassified
* Migeon A & Dorkeld F (2019). Spider Mites Web. A comprehensive database for the Tetranychidae.
http://www.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP/spmweb [accessed September 2019]
Tetranychus mexicanus (as Citrus) (TETRME) Unclassified
* Flechtmann CHW & BAKER EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163 . 
------- on citrus
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Citrus) (THRIHA) Unclassified
Thrips parvispinus (as Citrus) (THRIPV) Unclassified
* Lacasa A, Lorca M, Martinez MC, Bielza P, Guirao P (2019) Thrips parvispinus (Karny, 1922), un nuevo trips en cultivos de plantas ornamentales. Phytoma Espana 311, 62-69
------- reported on ornamental citrus
Trichoferus campestris (as Citrus) (HESOCA) Unclassified
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Tylenchulus semipenetrans (as Citrus) (TYLESE) Unclassified
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (as Citrus) (XYLEFP) Unclassified
Zaprionus indianus (as Citrus) (ZAPRIN) Unclassified