EPPO Global Database

Betula pendula(BETPE)

Pests

Organism Type
Agrilus anxius (as Betula) (AGRLAX) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anoplophora glabripennis (ANOLGL) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anoplophora glabripennis (as Betula) (ANOLGL) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Cherry leaf roll virus (CLRV00) Host
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Betula) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- Non-reproductive host.
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (as Betula) (LEPSUS) Host
Lopholeucaspis japonica (as Betula) (LOPLJA) Host
Lycorma delicatula (LYCMDE) Host
* Barringer L, Ciafré CM (2020) Worldwide feeding host plants of spotted lanternfly, with significant additions from North America. Environmental Entomology 49(5), 999–1011.
Lymantria mathura (as Betula) (LYMAMA) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Betula) (MALADI) Host
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Plant-SyNZ. Landcare Research (NZ). Host plants of a herbivore -Oemona hirta. http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp). Last accessed 2021-06.
Operophtera brumata (as Betula) (CHEIBR) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Betula) (PRABMY) Host
Phytophthora cactorum (as Betula) (PHYTCC) Host
* Shestibratov KA, Baranov OY, Subbotina NM, Lebedev VG, Panteleev SV, Krutovsky KV, Padutov VE (2018) Early Detection and Identification of the Main Fungal Pathogens for Resistance Evaluation of New Genotypes of Forest Trees. Forests 9, 732.
------- confirmed host
Phytophthora ramorum (PHYTRA) Host
* Webber JF, Mullet M & Brasier CM (2010) Dieback and mortality of plantation Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi) associated with infection by Phytophthora ramorum. New Disease Reports 22, 19.
Thaumetopoea processionea (as Betula) (THAUPR) Host
* Stigter H, Geraedts WHJM, Spijkers HCP (1997) Thaumetopoea processionea in the Netherlands: Present status and management perspectives (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society (N.E.V.) 3-16. 
------- Occasional larval feeding.
Trichoferus campestris (as Betula) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Dry wood host.

* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Dry wood host.

* Lim J, Jung SY, Lim JS, Jang J, Kim KM, Lee YM, Lee BW (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53, 111-133.
------- Living host.
Trirachys sartus (as Betula) (AELSSA) Host
Xylosandrus germanus (as Betula) (XYLBGE) Host
Xylotrechus namanganensis (as Betula) (XYLONM) Host
Agrilus anxius (AGRLAX) Major host
* Katovich SA, Munson SA, Ball J & McCullough D (2000) Bronze birch borer. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet. 111 (revised). U.S. Dep. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC.

* Nielsen DG, Muilenburg VL & Herms DA (2011) Comparative resistance of Asian, European, and North American birch (Betula) spp. to bronze birch borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Environmental Entomology 40, 648-653.

* Santamour FS (1999) Progress in the development of borer-resistant white-barked birches. Journal of Arboriculture 25(3), 151-162.
Anoplophora chinensis (as Betula) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (LEPSUS) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Betula) (HEMELE) Major host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 

* Wallner WE & McManus KA (1989) Proceedings, Lymantriidae: a comparison of features of New and Old World tussock moths; 1988 June 26-July 1; New Haven, CT. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-123. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 554 p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NE-GTR-123

* Webster RL (1916) The white-marked tussock-moth. Circular. Paper 33. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iaes_circulars/39
Comstockaspis perniciosa (QUADPE) Wild/Weed
* Suh SJ (2020) Host plant list of the scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) in South Korea. Insecta Mundi 0757: 1–26
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Betula) (QUADPE) Wild/Weed