EPPO Global Database

Agrilus planipennis(AGRLPL)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Fraxinus americana (FRXAM) Major host
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.
------- Among the preferred hosts in the Great Lakes region (US).

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.
------- Host in the USA and China.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa (FRXAX) Major host
* Baranchikov Y, Seraya L & Grinash M (2014) [All European ash species are susceptible to emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) – a Far Eastern invader]. Siberian Journal of Forest Science 6, 80–85 (in Russian).

* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.
Fraxinus chinensis subsp. rhynchophylla (FRXRH) Major host
* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.
------- As Fraxinus rhynchophylla.

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.
------- As Fraxinus rhynchophylla.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
------- Not commonly infested (Chinese study).
Fraxinus excelsior (FRXEX) Major host
* Baranchikov Y, Seraya L & Grinash M (2014) [All European ash species are susceptible to emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) – a Far Eastern invader]. Siberian Journal of Forest Science 6, 80–85 (in Russian).

* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Orlova-Bienkowskaja MJ, Bieńkowski AO (2020) Minimum winter temperature as a limiting factor of the potential spread of Agrilus planipennis, an alien pest of ash trees, in Europe. Insects 11(4), 258. 

* Volkovitsh MG, Bieńkowski AO, Orlova-Bienkowskaja MJ (2021). Emerald ash borer approaches the borders of the European Union and Kazakhstan and is confirmed to Infest European ash. Forests, 12(6), 691. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060691
------- reported to kill trees in forest in Russia.
Fraxinus nigra (FRXNI) Major host
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.
------- Host in the USA.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
Fraxinus ornus (FRXOR) Major host
* Baranchikov Y, Seraya L & Grinash M (2014) [All European ash species are susceptible to emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) – a Far Eastern invader]. Siberian Journal of Forest Science 6, 80–85 (in Russian).

* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.
Fraxinus pennsylvanica (FRXPE) Major host
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.
------- Among the preferred hosts in the Great Lakes region (US).

* Orlova-Bienkowskaja MJ, Bieńkowski AO (2020) Minimum winter temperature as a limiting factor of the potential spread of Agrilus planipennis, an alien pest of ash trees, in Europe. Insects 11(4), 258. 

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.
------- Host in the USA.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
Fraxinus quadrangulata (FRXQU) Major host
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.
------- Among the preferred hosts in the Great Lakes region (US).
Fraxinus velutina (FRXVE) Major host
* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
Chionanthus virginicus (CIOVI) Host
* Cipollini D (2015) White fringetree as a novel larval host for emerald ash borer. Journal of Economic Entomology 108(1), 370-375.
------- Larval host.

* Ellison EA, Peterson DL, Cipollini D (2020) The fate of ornamental white fringetree through the invasion wave of emerald ash borer and implications for novel host use by this beetle.  Journal of Economic Entomology 49(2), 489-495.

* Peterson DL & Cipollini D (2017) Distribution, predictors, and impacts of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) infestation of white fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus). Environmental Entomology 46, 50–57.
Fraxinus chinensis (FRXCH) Host
* Baranchikov Y, Seraya L & Grinash M (2014) [All European ash species are susceptible to emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) – a Far Eastern invader]. Siberian Journal of Forest Science 6, 80–85 (in Russian).
------- In its native area, A. planipennis is a secondary consumer of dying trees of Fraxinus chinensis and F. mandshurica.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
------- Not commonly infested (Chinese study).
Fraxinus latifolia (FRXLA) Host
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.
Fraxinus mandshurica (FRXMA) Host
* Baranchikov Y, Seraya L & Grinash M (2014) [All European ash species are susceptible to emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) – a Far Eastern invader]. Siberian Journal of Forest Science 6, 80–85 (in Russian).
------- In its native area, A. planipennis is a secondary consumer of dying trees of Fraxinus chinensis and F. mandshurica.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.
------- As Fraxinus mandshurica var. japonica.

* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.

* Zhao TH, Gao RT, Liu HP, Bauer LS & Sun LQ (2005) Host range of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, its damage and the countermeasures. Acta Entomologica Sinica 48, 594–599.
Fraxinus platypoda (FRXPL) Host
* Mori M (2012) About the host plant of emerald ash borer. Sayabane 8, 50-51 (in Japanese).
Fraxinus uhdei (FRXUH) Experimental
* Herms DA (2015) Host range and host resistance. In: Van Driesche R, Duan J, Abell K, Bauer L & Gould J (eds.), Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET–2014–09. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, pp. 65–73.
--------- Suitable host for reading larvae in exprimental studies.
Olea europaea (OLVEU) Experimental
* Cipollini D, Rigsby CM & Peterson DL (2017) Feeding and development of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) on cultivated olive, Olea europaea. Journal of Economic Entomology 110, 1935–1937.

* Peterson DL, Cipollini D (2020) Larval performance of a major pest on novel hosts and the effect of stressors. Environmental Entomology 49(2), 482-488.
Fraxinus lanuginosa (FRXLN) Doubtful host
As no reliable sources could be found to substantiate the fact that this species is a larval host, this record is now considered doubtful (as of 2021-01).
Juglans ailanthifolia (IUGAI) Doubtful host
* Akiyama K & Ohmomo S (1997) A checklist of the Japanese Buprestidae. Gekkan-Mushi Supplement 1, 1–67.

* EPPO (2013) Pest risk analysis for Agrilus planipennis. https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/AGRLPL/documents
------- Records from Japan on this plant were considered by several experts as incorrect larval host record (referring to personal communications in section 7, p. 12 of EPPO, 2013), and these experts suggested critical revision of the host records given in Akiyama & Ohmomo, 1997.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.
------- As Juglans mandshurica var. sieboldiana.
Juglans mandshurica (IUGMN) Doubtful host
* EPPO (2013) Pest risk analysis for Agrilus planipennis. https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/AGRLPL/documents
------- Records from Japan on this plant were considered by several experts as incorrect larval host record (referring to personal communications in section 7, p. 12 of EPPO, 2013), and these experts suggested critical revision of the host records given in Akiyama & Ohmomo, 1997.

* Haack RA, Jendek E, Houping Liu Marchant KR, Petrice TR, Poland TM & Hui Ye (2002) The emerald ash borer: a new exotic pest in North America. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 47(3-4), 1–5.
------- As Juglans mandshurica var. sachaliensis.

* Wei X, Reardon D, Yun W & Sun JH (2004) Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in China: a review and distribution survey. Acta Entomologica Sinica 47, 679–685.
Pterocarya rhoifolia (PTFRH) Doubtful host
* EPPO (2013) Pest risk analysis for Agrilus planipennis. https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/AGRLPL/documents
------- Records from Japan on this plant were considered by several experts as incorrect larval host record (referring to personal communications in section 7, p. 12 of EPPO, 2013), and these experts suggested critical revision of the host records given in Akiyama & Ohmomo, 1997.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.
Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (ULMJA) Doubtful host
* Akiyama K & Ohmomo S (1997) A checklist of the Japanese Buprestidae. Gekkan-Mushi Supplement 1, 1–67.

* EPPO (2013) Pest risk analysis for Agrilus planipennis. https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/AGRLPL/documents
------- Records from Japan on this plant were considered by several experts as incorrect larval host record (referring to personal communications in section 7, p. 12 of EPPO, 2013), and these experts suggested critical revision of the host records given in Akiyama & Ohmomo, 1997.

* Liu HP, Bauer LS, Gao R, Zhao T, Petrice TR & Haack RA (2003) Exploratory survey for emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and its natural enemies in China. The Great Lakes Entomologist 36, 191–204.