EPPO Global Database

Abelmoschus esculentus(ABMES)

Pests

Organism Type
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Experimental
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Artificial transmission.
Anomis flava (COSPFL) Host
Anomis illita (ANOMIL) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Badii KB, Billah MK, Afreh-Nuamah K, Obeng-Ofori D (2015) Species composition and host range of fruit-infesting flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northern Ghana. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 35(3), 137-151.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C,  Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia.  Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 7, 1-92.
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Host
* Nawaz A, Ali H, Gogi MD et al. (2020) Resistance Assessment of Different Cultivars of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Against Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci). Gesunde Pflanzen 72, 361–369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10343-020-00518-2
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Braswell WE, Bauchan GR (2015) Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) – a closer look. Zootaxa 3944(1), 67 pp. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1
Cotton anthocyanosis virus (CAV000) Host
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus (CLCUGV) Host
* Villegas C, Ramos-Sobrinho R, Jifon JL, Keith C, Al Rwahnih M, Sétamou M, Brown JK, Alabi OJ (2019) First report of Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus and its associated alphasatellite and betasatellite from disease affected okra plants in the United States. Plant Disease  103(12), 3291.
------- confirmed host.
Cotton leaf curl Multan virus (CLCUMV) Host
Dysdercus cingulatus (DYSDCI) Host
Dysdercus peruvianus (DYSDPE) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults were observed on this plant.

* Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 86(1), 89-91.

* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Oviposition and feeding host.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
 * Silva EHC, Soares RS, Borges HO, Franco CA, Bratz LT, Soares PLM (2019) Quantification of the damage caused by Meloidogyne enterolobii in okra. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v.54, e00050, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-3921.pab2019.v54.00050 
------- confirmed host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Dixon WN (2008) Naupactus leucoloma factsheet. Featured Creatures. UF/IFAS. Available online: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/beetles/whitefringed_beetles.htm
Okra mosaic virus (OKMV00) Host
Okra yellow leaf curl agent (OKYLC0) Host
Pectinophora gossypiella (PECTGO) Host
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Pseudocercospora griseola (PHAIGR) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Faraghaly DS, El-Sharkawy AZ, Abbas AA, Abdel-Wahab HA, El-Mewafy HA (2015) Biological aspects and life table parameters of the cotton leaf-worm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) on different vegetable host plants. Journal of Plant Protection and Pathology, Mansoura University 6(4), 597-603.

* Salama HS, Dimetry NZ, Salem SA (1970) On the host preference and biology of the cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littoralis Bois. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 67(1-4), 261–266.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Tuttle DM, Baker EW, Sales FM (1977) Spider mites (Tetranychidae: Acarina) of the state of Ceara, Brazil. International Journal of Acarology, 3: 1-8.
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Host
* Mkiga AM, Mohamed SA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S (2019) Field and laboratory performance of False Codling Moth, Thaumatotibia Leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Troticidae) on orange and selected vegetables. Insects 10(3), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030063
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.

* Elizondo AI, Murguido CA, Pérez I, Piedra F, Peña E, Martínez M, Martell M, de los Ángeles Fernández M, Sariol H, Rodríguez S, Jiménez R, Granda G, Palacios F (2003) Thrips palmi Karny en la agricultura cubana. Fitosanidad 7(2), 1-9.
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Shakeel MT, Al-Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al-Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Plant Pathology 99, 415–421.
Zeuzera coffeae (ZEUZCO) Host
Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV0) Major host
Earias insulana (EARIIN) Major host
JKI (2019) Express PRA for Earias insulana. https://pflanzengesundheit.julius-kuehn.de/dokumente/upload/Earias-insulana_expPRA_en.pdf
-------intercepted on okra from Egypt
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Venkataravanappa V, Reddy CNL, Saha S & Reddy MK (2018) Recombinant Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus is associated with yellow vein mosaic disease of okra in India. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 104, 108-118.
------- confirmed host.