EPPO Global Database

Abelmoschus esculentus(ABMES)


Organism Type
Hirschmanniella oryzae (HIRSOR) Experimental
* Babatola JO (1979) Varietal reaction of rice and other food crops to the rice-root nematodes, Hirschmanniella oryzae, H. imamuri and H. spinicaudata. Nematropica 9, 123-128.
------- Experiments.

* Sharma SB (2001) Plant parasitic nematodes in rice-wheat based cropping systems in South Asia. Journal of Crop Production 4, 227-247. 
------- It is not specified whether the nematode was found in the roots or in the soil.
Orthotospovirus tomatomaculae (TSWV00) Experimental
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Artificial transmission.
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Anomis flava (COSPFL) Host
Anomis illita (ANOMIL) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Badii KB, Billah MK, Afreh-Nuamah K, Obeng-Ofori D (2015) Species composition and host range of fruit-infesting flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northern Ghana. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 35(3), 137-151.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C,  Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia.  Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 7, 1-92.
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Host
* Nawaz A, Ali H, Gogi MD et al. (2020) Resistance Assessment of Different Cultivars of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Against Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci). Gesunde Pflanzen 72, 361–369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10343-020-00518-2
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Braswell WE, Bauchan GR (2015) Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) – a closer look. Zootaxa 3944(1), 67 pp. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1
Cotton anthocyanosis virus (CAV000) Host
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus (CLCUGV) Host
* Leke WN, Sattar MN, Ngane EB, Ngeve JM, Kvarnheden A, Brown JK (2013) Molecular characterization of begomoviruses and DNA satellites associated with okra leaf curl virus in Cameroon. Virus Researcg 174 (1-2), 116–125

* Villegas C, Ramos-Sobrinho R, Jifon JL, Keith C, Al Rwahnih M, Sétamou M, Brown JK, Alabi OJ (2019) First report of Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus and its associated alphasatellite and betasatellite from disease affected okra plants in the United States. Plant Disease  103(12), 3291.
------- confirmed host.
Cotton leaf curl Multan virus (CLCUMV) Host
Crinivirus tomatichlorosis (TOCV00) Host
* Shakeel MT, Al-Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al-Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Plant Pathology 99, 415–421.
Dysdercus cingulatus (DYSDCI) Host
* Encarnacion DT (1970) Biology of the cotton stainer, Dysdercus cingulatus Fabricius (Pyrrhocoridae, Hemiptera). Philippine Entomologist, 1(5), 341-349
------- as Hibiscus esculentus.
Dysdercus peruvianus (DYSDPE) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Hardwick DF (1965) The corn earworm complex. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 97, 5–247.
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults were observed on this plant.

* Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 86(1), 89-91.

* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Oviposition and feeding host.
Hypothenemus hampei (STEHHA) Host
* Marchioro M, Vallotto D, Ruzzier E, Besana L, Rossini M, Ortis G, Faccoli M, Martinez-Sañudo I (2023) Scolytinae former Cryphalini host plant dataset. Avalaible in Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7925274 

* Vega VJ, Marino YA, Deynes D, Greco EB., Bright DE, Bayman P (2020) A beetle in a haystack: are there alternate hosts of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) in Puerto Rico? Agronomy 10(2), 228.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZP, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44, 223-232.
------- Confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field.

* Scheffer SJ, Lewis ML, Joshi RC (2006) DNA barcoding applied to invasive leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in the Philippines. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99, 204-210.
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZO, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Ciptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44(2), 223-232.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Tran DH (2009) Agromyzid leaf miners and their parasitoids on vegetables in Central Vietnam. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences 15(2), 21-33.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in commercial vegetable fields
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZO, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Ciptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44(2), 223-232.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
 * Silva EHC, Soares RS, Borges HO, Franco CA, Bratz LT, Soares PLM (2019) Quantification of the damage caused by Meloidogyne enterolobii in okra. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v.54, e00050, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-3921.pab2019.v54.00050 
------- confirmed host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Carneiro RMDG, Correa VR, Almeida MRA, Gomes ACMM, Deimi AM, Castagnone-Sereno P & Karssen G (2014) Meloidogyne luci n. sp. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitising different crops in Brazil, Chile and Iran. Nematology 16, 289-301.
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Dixon WN (2008) Naupactus leucoloma factsheet. Featured Creatures. UF/IFAS. Available online: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/beetles/whitefringed_beetles.htm
Okra yellow leaf curl agent (OKYLC0) Host
Pectinophora gossypiella (PECTGO) Host
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Host
* DAFF (2023) Okra from India: biosecurity import requirements final report, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra.
Pseudocercospora griseola (PHAIGR) Host
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Host
* Sreerama Kumar P, Rachana RR (2021) Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a pest of celery, Apium graveolens (Apiales: Apiaceae): first report and diagnostic characters. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 12(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.1093/jipm/pmab039
------- Confirmed host.
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gomez DR, Roque-Specht VF & de Barros NM (2014) Immature stages of Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): developmental parameters and host plants. Journal of Insect Science 14, 238. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieu100
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Faraghaly DS, El-Sharkawy AZ, Abbas AA, Abdel-Wahab HA, El-Mewafy HA (2015) Biological aspects and life table parameters of the cotton leaf-worm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) on different vegetable host plants. Journal of Plant Protection and Pathology, Mansoura University 6(4), 597-603.

* Salama HS, Dimetry NZ, Salem SA (1970) On the host preference and biology of the cotton leaf worm Spodoptera littoralis Bois. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 67(1-4), 261–266.
Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Host
* Ahmad M, Ghaffar A, Rafiq M (2013) Host plants of leaf worm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology 1(1), 23-28.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Tuttle DM, Baker EW, Sales FM (1977) Spider mites (Tetranychidae: Acarina) of the state of Ceara, Brazil. International Journal of Acarology, 3: 1-8.
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Vasconcelos G & Silva N (2015) Plant-inhabiting mites (Arachnida: Acari) in Amazonian Agrosystems. Chapter 7. In: Amazonian resources : microbiota, fauna, and flora (eds: BS Sant’Anna, R Takeara, MA Abegg. Nova Science Publishers, New York.
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Host
* Mkiga AM, Mohamed SA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S (2019) Field and laboratory performance of False Codling Moth, Thaumatotibia Leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Troticidae) on orange and selected vegetables. Insects 10(3), 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10030063
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Elizondo AI, Murguido CA, Pérez I, Piedra F, Peña E, Martínez M, Martell M, de los Ángeles Fernández M, Sariol H, Rodríguez S, Jiménez R, Granda G, Palacios F (2003) Thrips palmi Karny en la agricultura cubana. Fitosanidad 7(2), 1-9.

* Etienne J, Ryckewaert P, Michel B (2015) Thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) of Guadeloupe and Martinique: updated check-list with new information on their ecology and natural enemies. Florida Entomologist 98(1), 298-304.

* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Host
* Fening KO, Amouzou K, Hevi W, Forchibe EE, Billah MK, Wamonje FO (2022) First report and population dynamics of the Tobacco Thrips, Thrips parvispinus (Karny)(Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on ridged gourd, Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxy in selected export fields in southern Ghana. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS) 123(2), 235-245.
Tymovirus abelmoschi (OKMV00) Host
* Givord L, Hirth L (1973) Identification, purification and some properties of a mosaic virus of okra (Hibiscus esculentus). Annals of Applied Biology 74(3), 359-370.
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Host
* Leblanc L (2022) The dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) of Oceania. Insecta Mundi 0948, 1-167. https://journals.flvc.org/mundi/article/view/131965/135549
Zeuzera coffeae (ZEUZCO) Host
Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV0) Major host
* Jose J, Usha R (2003) Bhendi yellow vein mosaic disease in India is caused by association of a DNA Beta satellite with a begomovirus. Virology 305(2), 310-317.

* Tsai WS, Shih SL, Lee LM, Wang JT, Duangsong U, Kenyon L (2013) First report of Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus associated with yellow vein mosaic of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in Thailand. Plant Disease 97(2), p 291.
Earias insulana (EARIIN) Major host
JKI (2019) Express PRA for Earias insulana. https://pflanzengesundheit.julius-kuehn.de/dokumente/upload/Earias-insulana_expPRA_en.pdf
-------intercepted on okra from Egypt
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Venkataravanappa V, Reddy CNL, Saha S & Reddy MK (2018) Recombinant Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus is associated with yellow vein mosaic disease of okra in India. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 104, 108-118.
------- confirmed host.