* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp
* Duodu YA, Biney FF (1981) Growth, food consumption and food utilisation of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on four food-plants. Bulletin of Entomological Research 71(4), 655-662.
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults and nymphs were observed on this plant.