EPPO Global Database

Aphis citricidus(TOXOCI)

Distribution details in Portugal

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2013: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1994
From CABI Pest map 132 (1998): Present, restricted distribution
From NPPO: Present, few occurrences
EPPO Reporting Service (1995/07) : found only on Madeira, in 1994, where an eradication programme was immediately established. Possibly introduced from South Africa.

The result of a survey in 1995 showed that T. citricida was widespread on Madeira but not present on Azores or mainland.

EPPO Reporting Service (2004/130) : found in northern Portugal.

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/106) : more details on distribution in northern Portugal (reports for 15 localities).

EPPO Reporting Service (2009/025) : present in the northern part of Portugal (mainly Entre-Douro e Minho, and adjoining areas in Beira Litoral and Tras-os-Montes).
* Borges PAV, Aguiar AMF, Boieiro M, Carles-Tolra M, Serrano ARM (2008) List of arthropods. In: A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos (eds. Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM, Vieira P). Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo, 440 pp.
------- Madeira and Porto Santo island.

* Hermoso de Mendoza A, Alvarez A, Michelena JM, Gonzáles P, Cambra M (2008) Spread, biology and natural enemies of Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy) (Hemiptera, Aphididae) in Spain. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal – Plagas 34(1), 77-87 (in Spanish).

* Ilharco FA, Sousa-Silva CR, Alvarez Alvarez A. (2005) First report on Toxoptera citricidus (Kirkaldy) in Spain and continental Portugal (Homoptera, Aphidoidea). Agronomia Lusitana 51(1), 19-21.

* NPPO of Portugal (1994-12, 2004-09).

* Silva G, Nolasco G (2013) Epidemiological situation of Citrus tristeza virus in mainland Portugal. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 52(3), 472-477.
------- Only in Northern Portugal. T. citricidus has not reached Algarve.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Spain Present, restricted distribution view...