EPPO Global Database

Theobroma cacao(THOCA)

Pests

Organism Type
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Wattanapongsiri, A. (1966) A revision of the Genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Host
Amblypelta cocophaga (AMBPCO) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Caraballo CJ (1981) Las moscas de frutas del género Anastrepha Schiner, 1868 (Diptera: Tephritidae) de Venezuela. MSc Dissertation, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Maracay, 210 p.

* Hernández Ortiz V, Morales Valles P (2004) Distribución geográfica y plantas hospederas de Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) en Venezuela Folia Entomológica Mexicana 43(2), 181-189.
Apogonia cribricollis (APOGCR) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Escobar ­Garcia HA, de Andrade Jr D, Carrillo D, Ochoa R (2021) Theobroma cacao, a new host for Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in Peru. Acarologia 61(2), 211­216. https://doi.org/10.24349/acarologia/20214427
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis anonae. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=56
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Hanlin MA, Suiter KA (2020) Host plants of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Version 4.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), https://coffhi.cphst.org/
Ceratitis fasciventris (CERTFA) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis fasciventris. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=63
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratocystis fimbriata (CERAFI) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Characoma stictigrapta (CHCMST) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* Weir BS, Johnston PR, Damm U (2012) The Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex. Studies in Mycology, 73, 115-180.
Dematophora bunodes (ROSLBU) Host
Dematophora pepo (ROSLPE) Host
Earias biplaga (EARIBI) Host
Erythricium salmonicolor (CORTSA) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Euwallacea perbrevis (as Theobroma) (EUWAPE) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Helopeltis antonii (HELOAN) Host
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) Host
Leptoglossus australis (LEPLAU) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Mallodon downesi (MALNDO) Host
Ootheca mutabilis (OOTHMU) Host
Pantorhytes plutus (PANYPL) Host
Pseudotheraptus devastans (PSDTDE) Host
Pseudotheraptus wayi (PSDTWA) Host
Ricania speculum (RICASC) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Sermeno-Chicas JM, Rodriguez-Urrutia EA, Joyce AL, Parada-Berrios FA, Pérez D, Quintanilla-Quintanilla JR (2017) Gusano cuerudo Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée 1852) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en cacao Theobroma cacao L. en El Salvador. Revista Minerva no. 1, 62-72.
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Host
* Flechtmann CHW & Baker EW (1970) A preliminary report on the Tetranychidae (Acarina) of Brazil. Ann. Entomol. Soco Amer. 63 (I): 156- 163
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Host
* EPPO PRA for Thaumatotibia leucotreta. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/ARGPLE/documents
------- listed by Venette et al. (2003) as a host, but not supported by evidence Considered doubtful.

* Venette R, Davis CEE, DaCosta M, Heisler H & Larson M (2003) Mini Risk Assessment: False codling moth, Thaumatotibia (=Cryptophlebia) leucotreta (Meyrick) [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae]. University of Minnesota, Department of Entomology, CAPS PRA. 1-30 pp. 
Zeuzera coffeae (ZEUZCO) Host
Bathycoelia thalassina (BATHTA) Major host
Bryocoropsis laticollis (BRYPLA) Major host
Cacao red mottle agent (CCRMO0) Major host
Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV00) Major host
Cacao vein-clearing agent (CCVC00) Major host
Cacao yellow mosaic virus (CYMV00) Major host
Cacao yellow vein banding agent (CCYVB0) Major host
Coccus viridis (COCCVI) Major host
Cocoa necrosis virus (CONV00) Major host
Conopomorpha cramerella (AROCCR) Major host
Distantiella theobroma (DISTTH) Major host
Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (ECDYAU) Major host
* Adamski D & Brown JW (2001) Systematic revision of the Ecdytolopha group of genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Grapholitini) in the New World. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement, 58, 86 pp.
------- Confirmed host.

* Nakayama K (2018) Surto de lepidobrocas atacando frutos de cacaueiro. Ilhéus, BA, CEPLAC/CEPEC. Boletim Técnico nº 210, 26 pp.
------- Confirmed host.
Helopeltis bergrothi (HELOBE) Major host
Helopeltis bradyi (HELOBR) Major host
Helopeltis theivora (HELOTH) Major host
Monalonion annulipes (MONAAN) Major host
Monalonion atratum (MONAAT) Major host
Monalonion bondari (MONABO) Major host
Moniliophthora perniciosa (CRNPPE) Major host
* Sousa Filho HR, de Jesus RM, Bezerra MA, Santana GM, de Santana RO (2021) History, dissemination, and field control strategies of cocoa witches’ broom. Plant Pathology 70(9), 1971-1978.
Moniliophthora roreri (MONPRO) Major host
Mussidia nigrivenella (MUSSNV) Major host
* Silvie P (1990) Mussidia nigrivenella Ragonot (Pyralidae, Phycitinae): a little known cotton pest. Coton et Fibres Tropicales 45(4), 323-333.
Planococcoides njalensis (PSECNJ) Major host
Planococcus kenyae (PLANKE) Major host
Planococcus lilacinus (PLANLI) Major host
Rhizoctonia theobromae (ONCOTH) Major host
Sahlbergella singularis (SAHLSI) Major host
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (SLENRU) Major host
* Giard A (1901) Sur un Thrips (Physopus rubrocincta n. sp.) nuisible au cacaoyer.(Thys.). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France  6(15), 263-265.
Stenoma decora (STENDE) Major host
Tiracola plagiata (TIRAPL) Major host
Trachysphaera fructigena (TRACFR) Major host
Xyleborus ferrugineus (XYLBFE) Major host
Xylosandrus compactus (XYLSCO) Major host
* Asman A, Rosmana A, bin Purung MH, Amiruddin A, Amin N, Sjam S, Dewi VS (2021) The occurrence of Xylosandrus compactus and its associated fungi on cacao from South Sulawesi, Indonesia: A preliminary study of an emerging threat to the cacao industry. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 128(1), 303-309.
------- confirmed host.
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (XYLBCR) Major host
Xylosandrus morigerus (XYLSMO) Major host