EPPO Global Database

Solanum americanum(SOLAM)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Experimental
* Thyr BD, Samuel MJ, Brown PG (1975) New solanaceous host records for Corynebacterium michiganensis. Plant Disease Reporter 59, 595-598.
------- As Solanum nodiflorum. Causing vascular infections.
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Solanaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanum) (PSTVD0) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- At least 51 species, absence of symptoms (except for Solanum depilatum and S. lycopersicum)
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanaceae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Aculops lycopersici (as Solanaceae) (VASALY) Host
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Host
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanum) (APLV00) Host
Anthonomus eugenii (as Solanum) (ANTHEU) Host
* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.
Aonidomytilus albus (as Solanum) (AONMAL) Host
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanum) (AVBO00) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Vargas RI, Piñero JC, Mau RFL, Jang EB, Klungness LM, McInnis DO, Harris EB, McQuate GT, Bautista RC, Wong L (2010) Area-wide suppression of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, and the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Kamuela, Hawaii. Journal of Insect Science 10(135), 1-16.
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- Confirmed host.
Bemisia tabaci (as Solanaceae) (BEMITA) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma americanum' (as Solanum) (PHYPAE) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii' (as Solanum) (PHYPTR) Host
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Solanum) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dulcamara mottle virus (as Solanum) (DUMV00) Host
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (as Solanaceae) (EPILVI) Host
Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV00) Host
Keiferia lycopersicella (GNORLY) Host
*  Batiste WC, Olson WH (1973) Laboratory evaluations of some solanaceous plants as possible hosts for tomato pinworm. Journal of Economic Entomology 66(1), 110-111.
------- Experiments on Solanum americanum var. nodiflorum: no adults emerged.

* Henry C, Rudert B (1975) The tomato pinworm, a new pest for Jamaica. Jamaica Journal 9, 76-77.
------- As Solanum americanum var. nodiflorum.

* Schuster DJ (1989) Development of tomato pinworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on foliage of selected plant species. Florida Entomologist 72(1), 216-219.
------- Considered Solanum americanum as as non-host.
Leucinodes ugandensis (as Solanum) (LEUIUG) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Martins dos S. D, Fornazier MJ, Peronti ALBG, Culik MP, Souza CAS, Taques RC, Zanuncio Jr JS, Queiroz RB (2019) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Brazil: recent spread, natural enemies, and new hosts. Florida Entomologist 102(2), 438-443.  https://doi.org/10.1653/024.102.0225
------- Confirmed host in Brazil.
Nacobbus aberrans (as Solanum) (NACOBA) Host
Pepper chat fruit viroid (as Solanaceae) (PCFVD0) Host
Phenacoccus peruvianus (as Solanum) (PHENPR) Host
Phthorimaea operculella (as Solanaceae) (PHTOOP) Host
Potato deforming mosaic virus (Argentina) (as Solanum) (PDMV00) Host
Potato leaflet stunt agent (as Solanum) (POLS00) Host
Potato marginal flavescence agent (as Solanum) (POMF00) Host
Potato mop-top virus (as Solanum) (PMTV00) Host
Potato purple-top roll agent (as Solanum) (POPTR0) Host
Potato virus Y tobacco veinal necrosis strain (as Solanum) (PVYN00) Host
Potato yellow vein virus (as Solanum) (PYVV00) Host
Premnotrypes latithorax (as Solanum) (PREMLA) Host
Premnotrypes sanfordi (as Solanum) (PREMSA) Host
Premnotrypes solani (as Solanum) (PREMSO) Host
Premnotrypes suturicallus (as Solanum) (PREMSU) Host
Premnotrypes vorax (as Solanum) (PREMVO) Host
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (RALSPS) Host
* Weibel J, Tran TM, Bocsanczy AM, Daughtrey M, Norman DJ, Mejia L, Allen C (2016) A Ralstonia solanacearum strain from Guatemala infects diverse flower crops, including new asymptomatic hosts vinca and sutera, and causes symptoms in geranium, mandevilla vine, and new host African daisy (Osteospermum ecklonis). Plant Health Progress 17, 114-121

* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and environmental microbiology 73(21), 6790-6801
Septoria malagutii (as Solanum) (SEPTLM) Host
Synchytrium endobioticum (as Solanum) (SYNCEN) Host
Tobacco rattle virus (as Solanum) (TRV000) Host
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanum) (TSVP00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Solanum) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Bactrocera latifrons (as Solanaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Alphanucleorhabdovirus tuberosum (as Solanaceae) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Alphanucleorhabdovirus tuberosum (as Solanum) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU) Wild/Weed
* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.

* Fernández DC, VanLaerhoven SL, Labbé R (2021) Host utilization by the pepper weevil (Anthonom us eugenii): su itability, preference and offspring performance. Pest Management Science 77(10), 4719-4729.
------- as Solanum ptycanthum.
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (LIBEPS) Wild/Weed
* Wen A, Mallik I, Alvarado VY, Pasche JS, Wang X, Li W, Scholthof HB, Mirkov TE, Rus CM, Gudmestad NC (2009) Detection, distribution, and genetic variability of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species associated with zebra complex disease of potato in North America. Plant Disease 93, 1102–1115.
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Wild/Weed
* Nascimento DM, Oliveira LR, Melo, LL, Silva JC, Somal JM, Girotto KT, Eburnea RP, Ribeiro-Junior ME, Sartori MMP, Silva Junior TAF, Maringoni AC (2020) Survival of Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens in weeds. Plant Pathology 69(7): 1357– 1367.  
Epitrix cucumeris (EPIXCU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). The Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Wild/Weed
* Deczynski AM (2016) Morphological systematic of the nightshade flea beetles Epitrix Foudras and Acallepitrix Bechyné (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) in America north of Mexico, PhD thesis, Clemson University (USA).
------- adults
Heterodera glycines (as Solanaceae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
* Rocha LF, Gage KL, Pimentel MF, Bond JP, Fakhoury AM (2021) Weeds hosting the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe): management implications in agroecological systems. Agronomy 11(1), 146. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010146
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Wild/Weed
* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: Surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Wild/Weed
* Schuster DJ, Gilreath JP, Wharton RA, Seymour PR (1991) Agromyzidae (Diptera) leafminers and their parasitoids in weeds associated with tomato in Florida. Environmental Entomology 20, 720-723.
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Wild/Weed
* Schuster DJ, Gilreath JP, Wharton RA, Seymour PR (1991) Agromyzidae (Diptera) Leafminers and Their Parasitoids in Weeds Associated with Tomato in Florida. Environmental Entomology 20, 720-723.
------- cited in Plant Health Australia Limited (Version 1, 2020) Contingency Plan for American Serpentine Leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii). by Burgess R, Ridland P, Pirtle E. 124 pp.

Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Wild/Weed
* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Pepino mosaic virus (PEPMV0) Wild/Weed
* Stobbs LW, Greig N, Weaver S, Shipp L, Ferguson G (2009) The potential role of native weed species and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens) on the epidemiology of Pepino mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 31, 254-261.
------- As Solanum ptychanthum.
Potato yellowing virus (as Solanum) (PYV000) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV00) Wild/Weed
* Muñoz Baena L, Gutiérrez Sánchez PA, Marín Montoya M (2017) Secuenciación del genoma completo del Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV) en tomate (Solanum lycopersicum) en Colombia. Acta Biológica Colombiana 22(1), 5-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/abc.v22n1.59211
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Wild/Weed
* Sanchez Perez A, Mejia L, Fegan M, Allen C (2008) Diversity and distribution of Ralstonia solanacearum strains in Guatemala and rare occurrence of tomato fruit infection. Plant Pathology, 57: 320-331. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01769.x

* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07

* Hong JC, Norman DJ, Reed DL, Momol MT and Jones JB (2012) Diversity among Ralstonia  solanacearum  strains  isolated  from  the  southeastern United States. Phytopathology 102:924-936.
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Wild/Weed
* Weibel J, Tran TM, Bocsanczy AM, Daughtrey M, Norman DJ, Mejia L, Allen C (2016) A Ralstonia solanacearum strain from Guatemala infects diverse flower crops, including new asymptomatic hosts vinca and sutera, and causes symptoms in geranium, mandevilla vine, and new host African daisy (Osteospermum ecklonis). Plant Health Progress 17, 114-121

* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and environmental microbiology 73(21), 6790-6801

* Sanchez Perez A, Mejia L, Fegan M, Allen C (2008) Diversity and distribution of Ralstonia solanacearum strains in Guatemala and rare occurrence of tomato fruit infection. Plant Pathology, 57: 320-331. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01769.x

* Wicker E, Grassart L, Coranson-Beaudu R, Mian D, Guilbaud C, Fegan M, Prior P (2007) Ralstonia solanacearum strains from Martinique (French West Indies) exhibiting a new pathogenic potential. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(21), 6790-801. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00841-07

* Hong JC, Norman DJ, Reed DL, Momol MT and Jones JB (2012) Diversity among Ralstonia  solanacearum  strains  isolated  from  the  southeastern United States. Phytopathology 102:924-936.
Spodoptera praefica (as Solanum) (PRODPR) Wild/Weed
* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanaceae) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanum) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Wild/Weed
* Boubou A, Migeon A, Roderick GK, Navajas M (2011) Recent emergence and worldwide spread of the red tomato spider mite, Tetranychus evansi: genetic variation and multiple cryptic invasions. Biological Invasions 13(1), 81-92.

* Guanilo AD, de Moraes G, Toledo S, Knapp M (2010) New records of Tetranychus evansi and associated natural enemies in northern Argentina. Systematic & Applied Acarology 15, 3-20.

* Ikeshima K, Sakamaki Y, Miyagi A, Ohno S, Fukuda T, Tsuda K (2009) Occurrence of the spider mite Tetranychus takafujii Ehara & Ohashi in Kyushu and Okinawa. Kyushu Plant Protection Research, 55: 136-140.

* Wekesa VW, Vital S, Silva RA, Ortega EMM, Klingen I, Delalibera I (2011) The effect of host plants on Tetranychus evansi, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and on their fungal pathogen Neozygites floridana (Entomophthorales: Neozygitaceae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 107: 139-145.
Thecaphora solani (as Solanum) (THPHSO) Wild/Weed
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Wild/Weed
* Arruabarrena A, Rubio L, González‐Arcos M, Sánchez‐Campos S, Fonseca MEN, Boiteux LS (2015) First report of Solanum sisymbriifolium and S. americanum as natural weed hosts of Tomato chlorosis virus (Genus Crinivirus) in South America. Plant Disease  99(6), 895
------- confirmed host
Xanthomonas euvesicatoria pv. perforans (XANTPF) Wild/Weed
Xanthomonas vesicatoria (as Solanum) (XANTVE) Wild/Weed
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Wild/Weed
* Müller C, Esteves MB, Kleina HT, de Melo Sales T, Boti Liva K, Balbinote J, Spotti Lopes JR (2022) Weeds as alternative hosts of Xylella fastidiosa in Brazilian plum orchards. Journal of Plant Pathology 104, 487–493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42161-021-00979-y