EPPO Global Database

Quercus ilex(QUEIL)

Pests

Organism Type
Cronartium fusiforme (as Quercus) (CRONFU) Alternate
Cronartium quercuum (as Quercus) (CRONQU) Alternate
Agrilus bilineatus (as Quercus) (AGRLBL) Host
* Chapman RN (1915) Observations on the life history of Agrilus bilineatus. Journal of Agricultural Research, 3, 283–294.

* Chittenden FH (1900) Food Plants and Injury of North American Species of Agrilus. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology Bulletin, 22, 64–68.
Agrilus coxalis (as Quercus) (AGRLCO) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Quercus) (ANOLCN) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apriona germari (as Quercus) (APRIGE) Host
Arrhenodes minutus (as Quercus) (ARRHMI) Host
* Bright DE (1993) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada,  Part 21. The Weevils of Canada and Alaska: Volume 1. Coleoptera: Curculionidea, excluding Scolytidae and Curculionidae. Agriculture Canada Publication 1882, 217 pp.

* Solomon JD (1995) Guide to Insect Borers in North American Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs. Agriculture Handbook AH-706, Washington D.C., 735 pp.
Bretziella fagacearum (CERAFA) Host
* Pinon J, MacDonald W, Double M, Tainter F (2003) Les risques pour la chênaie européenne d’introduction de Ceratocystis fagacearum en provenance des Etats-Unis, 5 pp. https://www.academie-agriculture.fr/actualites/academie/seance/academie/la-place-des-champignons-pathogenes-dans-lequilibre-de-la?191103
------- Found to be susceptible during experiments on European oaks conducted in the USA.
Cryphonectria parasitica (ENDOPA) Host
* Rigling D & Prospero S (2018) Cryphonectria parasitica, the causal agent of chestnut blight: invasion history, population biology and disease control. Molecular Plant Pathology 19(1), 7-20.

* Turchetti T, Maresi G, Santagada A (1991) [Cryphonectria parasitica blight on different hosts in the Cilento region, S. Italy]. Monti e Boschi 42(5), 54-58 (in Italian).
Curculio elephas (CURCEL) Host
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Quercus) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Epiphyas postvittana (as Quercus) (TORTPO) Host
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (as Quercus) (EUPRCH) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato (XYLBFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (EUWAWH) Host
* Mendel Z, Lynch SC, Eskalen A, Protasov A, Maymon M, Freeman S (2021) What determines host range and reproductive performance of an invasive ambrosia beetle Euwallacea fornicatus; lessons from Israel and California. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4, 654702.
------- Non reproductive host tree in California (US).
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (as Quercus) (EUWAWH) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
------- As host of PSHB (polyphagous shot hole borer).
Euwallacea kuroshio (as Quercus) (EUWAKU) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
Grapholita prunivora (as Quercus) (LASPPR) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Quercus) (HETEIR) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (as Quercus) (HOMLTR) Host
* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Feeding host.
Lymantria dispar (as Quercus) (LYMADI) Host
Lymantria mathura (as Fagaceae) (LYMAMA) Host
Lymantria mathura (as Quercus) (LYMAMA) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Quercus) (MALADI) Host
Massicus raddei (as Quercus) (MALLRA) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Quercus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Allegro G, Griffo R (2008) I rischi di diffusione di Megaplatypus mutatus. L'informatore Agrario no. 13, 73-76.

* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.

* Griffo R, Pesapane G, Funes H, Gonzalez-Audino P, Germinara GS (2012) Diffusione e controllo di platipo in Campania. L'informatore Agrario no. 31, 66-68.
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Plant-SyNZ. Landcare Research (NZ). Host plants of a herbivore -Oemona hirta. http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp). Last accessed 2021-06.
Ophiostoma piceae (as Quercus) (CERAPC) Host
Parabemisia myricae (as Quercus) (PRABMY) Host
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Quercus) (PHYTCN) Host
Phytophthora kernoviae (PHYTKE) Host
* Brasier CM, Beales PA, Kirk SA, Denman S, Rose J (2005) Phytophthora kernoviae sp. nov., an invasive pathogen causing bleeding stem lesions on forest trees and foliar necrosis of ornamentals in Britain. Mycological Research, 109(8), 853-859.
Phytophthora quercetorum (as Quercus) (PHYTQC) Host
* Balci Y, Balci S, Blair J, Park SY, Kang S, Macdonald WL (2008) Phytophthora quercetorum sp. nov., a novel species isolated from eastern and north-central USA oak forest soils. Mycological Research 112(8) 906-916.
Phytophthora ramorum (PHYTRA) Host
* Brasier C, Denman S, Brown A & Webber J (2004) Sudden oak death (Phytophthora ramorum) discovered on trees in Europe. Mycological Research 108(10), 1108-1110.
Phytophthora ramorum (as Quercus) (PHYTRA) Host
* Cave GL, Randall-Schadel B & Redlin SC (2008) Risk analysis for Phytophthora ramorum Werres, de Cock & Man in’t Veld, causal agent of sudden oak death, ramorum leaf blight, and ramorum dieback. US Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Raleigh, NC.
Scirtothrips citri (as Quercus) (SCITCI) Host
* Tanigoshi LK and Nishio-Wong JY (1982) Citrus thrips: biology, ecology, and control. US Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1668, 17 pp.
------- belived to be native host. 
Stereum hiugense (as Quercus) (STERHU) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Quercus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3870

* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Living host, dry wood host.
Trirachys sartus (as Quercus) (AELSSA) Host
Xylosandrus compactus (XYLSCO) Host
* Bosso L, Senatore M, Varlese R, Ruocco M, Garonna AP, Bonanomi G, Mazzoleni S, Cristinzio G (2012) Severe outbreak of Fusarium solani on Quercus ilex vectored by Xylosandrus compactus. Journal of Plant Pathology 94(suppl.), S4.99.
------- confirmed host
Xylosandrus germanus (as Quercus) (XYLBGE) Host
Lonsdalea quercina (ERWIQU) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Quercus) (HEMELE) Major host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 

* Webster RL (1916) The white-marked tussock-moth. Circular. Paper 33. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iaes_circulars/39

* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp
Phytophthora quercina (PHYTQU) Major host
Thaumetopoea processionea (THAUPR) Major host
* Pascual JA (1988) Biology of the oak processionary moth (Thaumetopoea processionea L.) (Lep. Thaumetopoeidae) in the western central Iberian Peninsula. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal 14, 383-404.
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (as Quercus) (XYLBCR) Major host