EPPO Global Database

Potato spindle tuber viroid(PSTVD0)

Distribution details in Poland

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2016: Present, few occurrences
First recorded in: 2016
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, at low prevalence (2016-07)
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service 509/17 of 1991-01: however, the original source could not be traced after 20 years (in 2011).

The other record (Gora et al., 1994) is also doubtful because the origin of the PSTVd isolates could not be traced back.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/141) : results of official surveys for PSTVd conducted from 2002 to 2010 showed that the viroid is not present in Polish potato crops. During this period, 1133 samples were officially tested and all gave negative results.
Official surveys are also carried out on propagation material of tomato and ornamental Solanaceae. PSTVd was detected in 2 samples of imported Solanum jasminoides planting material.

EPPO Reporting Service (2014/048) : in 2 samples of Solanum jasminoides (1 collected in 2007/2008 from Zachodniopomorskie voivodeship - 1 collected in 2009 from the Lubuskie voivodeship).

The NPPO explained that the 2 positive cases reported in EPPO Reporting Service (2014/048) (based on Henning et al., 2013) were linked to old imports (in fact the same as those already reported in EPPO Reporting Service (2011/141) ) and that all infected plants had been destroyed. All annual official surveys for PTSVd (in ornamental Solanaceae and potato) have confirmed the absence of PSTVd in Poland (NPPO, 2014).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/175) : first confirmed report. Detected in 2016 in 2 lots of seed potatoes (cvs. ‘Etola’ and ‘Denar’) in Melanowo (district of Kamień Krajeński, Kujawsko-pomorskie voivodeship), and Turzyn (district of Nakło, Kujawsko-pomorskie voivodeship).
References
* Gora A, Candresse T, Zagorski W (1994) Analysis of the population structure of three phenotypically different PSTVd isolates. Archives of Virology 138 (3-4), 233-245.
------- Studies on 3 PSTVd greenhouse isolates from a Polish collection (Institute for Potato Research Center Mlochow), without further details on their origins.

* Henning E, Pięcińska J, Hasiów-Jaroszewska B (2013) First reports of Potato spindle tuber viroid on Solanum jasminoides and of Tomato apical stunt viroid on Solanum rantonnetii in Poland. Plant Disease 97(12), p 1663.
------- On imported ornamentals.

* NPPO of Poland (2011-03, 2011-06, 2014-10, 2016-07).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Belarus Present, widespread view...
Czech Republic Present, few occurrences view...
Germany Present, few occurrences view...
Lithuania Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Russia Southern Russia Present, no details view...
Russia Far East Present, no details view...
Russia Northern Russia Present, no details view...
Russia Eastern Siberia Present, no details view...
Russia Present, no details view...
Russia Central Russia Present, no details view...
Slovakia Absent, intercepted only view...
Ukraine Present, no details view...