EPPO Global Database

Potato spindle tuber viroid(PSTVD0)

Distribution details in Australia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2016: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 729 (2012): Absent, pest eradicated
Comments
Found in 1982 in germplasm collections in quarantine in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia (1984); eradicated according to Catley (1987), as confirmed by negative survey by Quarantine Service of Australia. See however EPPO Reporting Service 509/17.

EPPO Reporting Service (1996/220) : a variant of PSTVd found in wild Solanum sp. in Northern Territory.

EPPO Reporting Service (2003/076) : considered to be no longer present in any part of Australia.

An incusion was detected in 2009 in Western Australia (in connection with imported seeds), but PSTVd was no longer found in 2010.

An incursion was detected in 2011 in a commercial glasshouse tomato crop in Queensland (in connection with imported seeds). Eradication measures were successful.

EPPO Reporting Service (2014/130) : PSTVd was detected in a bulked sample of Solanum jasminoides during a survey carried out in Queensland in 2012.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/217) : detected in volunteer and wild plants in the Gascoyne Horticultural District during a survey (2007-2012). Also detected in the in the Ord River irrigation area (Kimberley region) on Physalis angulata.
References
* Catley A (1987) Outbreaks and new records. Australia: eradication of potato spindle tuber viroid. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 35, 32.

* Mackie AE, Rodoni BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European journal of Plant Pathology 145(2), 433-446.

* Navaratnam SJ (1984) New records - potato spindle tuber. Quarterly Newsletter APPPC, nĀ°27, 5-6.

* ProMEd postings of 2003-06-18 & 2003-06-20. Potato spindle tuber, tomato ā€“ Australia (NSW) 1 & 2. http://www.promedmail.org

* ProMEd postings of 2010-12-01 (no. 20101201.4322) & 2010-12-09 (20101209.4392). Potato spindle tuber, tomato ā€“ Australia (WA) 1 & clarification. http://www.promedmail.org

* van Brunschot SL, Persley DM, Roberts A, Thomas JE (2014) First report of pospiviroids infecting ornamental plants in Australia: Potato spindle tuber viroid in Solanum laxum (synonym S. jasminoides) and Citrus exocortis viroid in Petunia spp. New Disease Reports 29, 3. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.003
------- Detected in 1 sample of Solanum jasminoides.

* van Brunschot SL, Verhoeven JTJ, Persley DM, Geering ADW, Drenth A, Thomas JE (2014) An outbreak of Potato spindle tuber viroid in tomato is linked to imported seed. European Journal of Plant Pathology 139(1), 1-7.

* Verhoeven, J. T. J.; Jansen, C. C. C.; Roenhorst, J. W.; Steyer, S.; Michelante, D.; Bolivarlaan, S. (2007) Plant Disease 91 (8), 1055.