EPPO Global Database

Plum pox virus(PPV000)

Distribution details in Bulgaria

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1915
From CABI Disease map 392 (2007): Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1997/187) : sweet cherry isolate PPV-C occurs in Bulgaria as well as the conventional strains (PPV-D and PPV-M).

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/124) : strains D and M.

According to Kamenova et al. (2011, 2014, 2017): 3 strains occur in Bulgaria (PPV-D, PPV-M and PPV-Rec). PPV-Rec is predominant on plum, while peach and apricot are mainly infected by PPV-M.
References
* Dragoiski, K.; Minev, I.; Mondeshka, P.; Dinkova, Kh.; Mikhovska, B. (1990) Rasteniev'dni Nauki 27 (4), 10-15.
------- In the Troyan region.

* Kamenova I (2014) A recombinant strain of Plum pox virus in peach in Bulgaria. Journal of Plant Pathology 96(2), 411-414.
------- PPV-Rec widely distributed in peach orchards in southwestern Bulgaria.

* Kamenova I, Dallot S, Bozkova V, Milusheva S (2011) First report of the Plum pox virus recombinant strain on peach in Bulgaria. Plant Disease 95(10), p 1320.
------- PPV-Rec.

* Kamenova I, Tasheva-Terzieva E, Dragoyski K, Stefanova B (2017) Spread and competitiveness of Plum pox virus: Rec and -D strains in experimental plum orchard. Journal of Phytopathology 165(9), 602-609.
------- PPV-Rec, PPV-D.

* Milusheva S, Kamenova I, Stoev A (2006) Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 36(2), p 206.
------- PPV-D, PPV-M.

* Nemeth M (1994) Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 24 (3), 525-536.
------- First reported in 1915.

* Vitanov M (1972) Ovoshcharstvo 51 (11), 31-32.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Greece Present, widespread view...
North Macedonia Present, widespread view...
Romania Present, restricted distribution view...
Serbia Present, widespread view...
Turkey Present, restricted distribution view...