EPPO Global Database

Pinus thunbergii(PIUTH)

Pests

Organism Type
Melampsora medusae (as Pinus) (MELMME) Alternate
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Pinus) (MELMMD) Alternate
Dendroctonus frontalis (DENCFR) Doubtful host
* Dodds KJ, Aoki CF, Arango-Velez A, Cancelliere J, D’Amato AW, DiGirolomo MF & Rabaglia RJ (2018) Expansion of southern pine beetle into northeastern forests: Management and impact of a primary bark beetle in a new region. Journal of Forestry, 116(2), 178–191. https://doi.org/10.1093/jofore/fvx009
------- rare host. Trees attacked in New York, but it is unknown if they allow reproduction.
Neofusicoccum laricinum (GUIGLA) Experimental
* Sato K, Yokozawa Y, Shoji T (1963) Studies on the shoot blight disease of larch I. Bulletin of the Government Forest Experimental Station Tokyo 156, 85–137.
Arceuthobium americanum (as Pinus) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium campylopodum (as Pinus) (ARECP) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Pinus) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium occidentale (as Pinus) (AREOC) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Pinus) (AREPU) Host
Arceuthobium vaginatum (as Pinus) (AREVA) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Host
* Dropkin VH, Foudin A, Kondo E, Linit M, Smith M, Robbins K (1981) Pinewood nematode: a threat to US forests? Plant Disease 65(12), 1022-1027.
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Pinus) (BURSXY) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* Ahmed MZ & Miller D (2019) Chionaspis pinifoliae (Fitch) (Diaspididae: Coccomorpha: Hemiptera), pine needle scale, a potential pest of Florida pines and the Christmas tree industry, but not established in Florida. Circular. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. FDACS-P-02132, Issue No. 443.
-------intercepted in Florida on this plant species (as Pinus thunbergiana).

* Liu T, Kosztarab MP & Rhoades M (1989) I. Biosystematics of the adult females of the genus Chionaspis (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae) of North America, with emphasis on polymorphism. Studies on the Morphology and Systematics of Scale Insects -- No. 15 (Contribution No. 2 to a National Biological Survey). VAES Bulletin 88-2. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Blacksburg, VA.
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Pinus) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Gwiazdowski RA, Vea MI, Andersen CJ & Normark BB (2011) Discovery of cryptic species among North American pine-feeding Chionaspis scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 104(1), 47–62.
------- Pinus maximartinezii, Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa (as Pinus washoensis).
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Pinus) (CHONFU) Host
Crisicoccus pini (DACLPI) Host
* Ben-Dov Y (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited Andover, 686 pp.
Cronartium coleosporioides (as Pinus) (CRONCL) Host
Cronartium comandrae (as Pinus) (CRONCO) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (as Pinus) (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium flaccidum (as Pinus) (CRONFL) Host
Cronartium fusiforme (as Pinus) (CRONFU) Host
Cronartium harknessii (as Pinus) (ENDCHA) Host
Cronartium himalayense (as Pinus) (CRONHI) Host
Cronartium kamtschaticum (as Pinus) (CRONKA) Host
Cronartium quercuum (as Pinus) (CRONQU) Host
Dendroctonus adjunctus (as Pinus) (DENCAD) Host
Dendroctonus brevicomis (as Pinus) (DENCBR) Host
Dendroctonus frontalis (as Pinus) (DENCFR) Host
* Hain FP, Duehl AJ, Gardener MJ, Payne TL (2011) Natural History of the Southern Pine Beetle. In: Coulson, R.N.; Klepzig, K.D. 2011. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13-24. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39019
------- "The SPB infests and kills all pine species in its range"
Dendroctonus ponderosae (as Pinus) (DENCPO) Host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Pinus) (DENDSC) Host
Dendrolimus superans (DENDSU) Host
* Kobayashi F,Taketani A (1994) Forest insects. Tokyo, Youkendo, 567 pp. (In Japanese, cited by EFSA PHL 2022).

* EFSA Panel on Plant Health (2022) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Dendrolimus superans. EFSA Journal 20(8), 7525, 23 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2022.7525
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Pinus) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dothistroma septosporum (SCIRPI) Host
* Drenkhan R et al. (2016) Global geographic distribution and host range of Dothistroma species: a comprehensive review. Forest Pathology 46, 408-442.
------- Highly susceptible (molecular identification methods not used).
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (as Pinus) (ELASLI) Host
* Dixon WN (1982) Lesser cornstalk borer, Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services no 236, 2 pp.
Epiphyas postvittana (as Pinus) (TORTPO) Host
Fusarium circinatum (GIBBCI) Host
* Drenkhan R, Ganley B, Martín-García J, Vahalík P, Adamson K, Adamčíková K, Ahumada R, Blank L et al. (2020) Global geographic distribution and host range of Fusarium circinatum, the causal agent of pine pitch canker. Forests 11(7), 724.

* Gordon TR, Storer AJ, Wood DL (2001) The pitch canker epidemics in California. Plant Disease, 85(11), 1128-1139.
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (GREMAB) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Pinus) (GREMAB) Host
Grosmannia wageneri (as Pinus) (LEPGWA) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Pinus) (HETEIR) Host
Hylurgus ligniperda (as Pinus) (HYLGLI) Host
Ips amitinus (as Pinus) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips calligraphus (as Pinus) (IPSXCA) Host
Ips confusus (as Pinus) (IPSXCO) Host
Ips hauseri (as Pinus) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips lecontei (as Pinus) (IPSXLE) Host
Ips pini (as Pinus) (IPSXPI) Host
Ips plastographus (as Pinus) (IPSXPL) Host
Lecanosticta acicola (SCIRAC) Host
* Akiba M (2022) [Occurrence of black pine brown spot leaf blight in Kyushu, Japan]. Abstract of a paper presented at the 133rd Annual Meeting of the Forest Society of Japan (2022-03-27). https://doi.org/10.11519/jfsc.133.0_653 (in Japanese).

* Li C, Zku X, Han Z, Zhang J, Shen G, Zhang Z, Zheng W, Zou K, Shi F (1986) Investigation on brown-spot needle blight of pines in China. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Forestry 10, 11-18.

* Seo ST, Park MJ, Park HJ, Shin HD (2012) First report of brown spot needle blight on Pinus thunbergii caused by Lecanosticta acicola in Korea. Plant Disease 96(6), p 914.

* Siggers PV (1944) The brown spot needle blight of pine seedlings. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Technical Bulletin, 870, 1-6.
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Host
* Kim DE, Lee H, Kim MJ, Ban YG, Kim D (2020) Leptoglossus occidentalis (Hemiptera: Coreidae) occurrence, potential habitats, and COI diversity in South Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 13(1), 35-45 (abst.).
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Pinus) (LEPLOC) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Pinus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Monochamus alternatus (MONCAL) Host
* Kobayashi F, Yamane A, Ikeda T (1984) The Japanese pine sawyer beetle as the vector of pine wilt disease. Annual Review of Entomology 29, 115-135. 

* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Lin MY, Perissinotto R, Clennell L (2021) Census of the longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae and Vesperidae) of the Macau SAR, China. ZooKeys 1049, 79-161. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1049.65558
------- Larval host.

* Ma RY, Hao SG, Kong WN, Sun JH, Kang L (2006) Cold hardiness as a factor for assessing the potential distribution of the Japanese pine sawyer Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in China. Annals of Forest Science 63(5), 449-456.
Monochamus carolinensis (as Pinus) (MONCCA) Host
Monochamus maculosus (as Pinus) (MONCMC) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus nitens (as Pinus) (MONCNI) Host
* Akbulut S, Togashi K & Linit MJ (2017) Cerambycids as plant disease vectors with special reference to pine wilt. In Cerambycidae of the world, pp. 209-252. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Monochamus obtusus (as Pinus) (MONCOB) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Keen FP (1952) Insect Enemies of Western Forests. Miscellaneous Publication no. 273. USDA, 209 pp.
Monochamus saltuarius (MONCSL) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus saltuarius (as Pinus) (MONCSL) Host
Monochamus scutellatus (as Pinus) (MONCST) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus sutor (as Pinus) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Pinus) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.

* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus urussovii (as Pinus) (MONCUR) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pinus) (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes castaneus (as Pinus) (PISONO) Host
Pissodes nitidus (PISONI) Host
* Park JD, Byun BH (1988) [Bionomics of the yellow-spotted pine weevil, Pissodes nitidus Roelofs (Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Research Report of the Forest Research Institute (Seoul, Korea) 36, 120-125 (In Korean).

* Wu KY (1991) Pissodes nitidus. In Forest Insects of China, second edition. (ed. Xiao GR), p. 602. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing (In Mandarin).
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (as Pinus) (CERSPD) Host
* Ivory MH (1994) Records of foliage pathogens of Pinus species in tropical countries. Plant Pathology 43 (3), 511-518.
Rhyacionia buoliana (as Pinus) (EVETBU) Host
Rotylenchus buxophilus (as Pinus) (HELYBU) Host
Sirex ermak (as Pinus) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Pinus) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Pinus) (TETOGR) Host
Thaumetopoea processionea (as Pinus) (THAUPR) Host
* Gomez-Bustillo MR (1978) Los Thaumetopoeidae de la Peninsula Iberica: nociones de sistematica, ecologica e importancia economica de la famila. Revista de Lepidopterologia 5, 283-290; 6, 113- 124. 
Trichoferus campestris (as Pinus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.
Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (as Pinus) (TYLRCL) Host
Xylosandrus compactus (as Pinus) (XYLSCO) Host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Pinus) (BURSMU) Major host
Cronartium quercuum (CRONQU) Major host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (DENDSC) Major host
* Togashi, K.; Takahashi, F. (1977) [Coadaptative preferential feeding of the pine moth, Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae), on the old needles of Japanese black pine, Pinus thunbergii Parl. Kontyu, 45(3), 399-414.
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Pinus) (MONCGA) Major host
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (CERSPD) Major host
* Ivory MH (1994) Records of foliage pathogens of Pinus species in tropical countries. Plant Pathology 43 (3), 511-518.
Thecodiplosis japonensis (THEOJA) Major host
* Jiao JP, Wu HW, Ren LL, Chen RM, Luo YQ (2017) Reports on the discovery and preliminary studies of the invasive species Thecodiplosis japonensis (Uchida & Inouye) in Huangdao area of Shandong province. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 54, 915–923.

* Liu H, Duan C, Qi Y, Ren L,  Wu H (2020) Movement behavior of the pine needle gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Journal of Insect Science 20(5), 32, https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieaa121
------- Confirmed host in Korea and China.