EPPO Global Database

Picea engelmannii(PIEEN)

Pests

Organism Type
Pucciniastrum areolatum (as Picea) (PUCIAR) Alternate
Melampsora medusae (as Picea) (MELMME) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Picea) (MELMMD) Experimental
* Pinon J (1986) Situation de Melampsora medusae en Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 16, 547-551.
------- infection reported after following inoculation studies.
Acleris gloverana (as Picea) (ACLRGL) Host
Acleris variana (as Picea) (ACLRVA) Host
Allantophomopsiella pseudotsugae (as Picea) (POTECO) Host
Arceuthobium abietinum (AREAB) Host
* Oblinger BW (2015) First report of white fir dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium abietinum f. sp. concoloris) on Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) from Oregon. Plant Disease 99, 1041.
-------Arceuthobium abietinum subsp. abietinum.
Arceuthobium americanum (as Picea) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium douglasii (as Picea) (AREDO) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Picea) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Picea) (AREPU) Host
Arceuthobium tsugense (ARETS) Host
* Hawksworth FG, Wiens D (1996) Dwarf mistletoes: Biology, pathology, and systematics. USDA - Forest Service. Agriculture Handbook 709, 429 pp.
------- Rare host for A. tsugense subsp. tsugense.
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/

* Liu T (1987) Biosystematics of the genus Chionaspis (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Diaspididae) of North America, with emphasis on polymorphism. Masters Theses. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 305 p.
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Picea) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura fumiferana (CHONFU) Host
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Picea) (CHONFU) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Choristoneura occidentalis biennis (CHONBI) Host
* Brunet B, Sperling FAH (2013) Identification and ecological characterisation of Choristoneura occidentalis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations in southwestern Alberta, Canada. Canadian Entomologist 145, 521-528.

* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Choristoneura occidentalis occidentalis (ARCHOC) Host
* Furniss RL, Carolin VM (1977) Western Forest Insects. USDA , Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication no. 1339, 654 pp.
Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (as Picea) (CHMYAR) Host
Chrysomyxa himalensis (as Picea) (CHMYHI) Host
Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri (as Picea) (CHMYRH) Host
Cinara curvipes (TODOCU) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Dendroctonus micans (DENCMI) Host
* Grégoire JC (1988) The greater European spruce beetle. In: Dynamics of forest insect populations (Ed. by Berryman A) Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, USA. pp. 455-478.
Dendroctonus ponderosae (DENCPO) Host
* Armendariz-Toledano F, Zuniga G (2016) Illustrated key to species of genus Dendroctonus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) occurring in Mexico and Central America. Journal of Insect Science 17(2), 1-15.
------- Listed as a host.
Dendroctonus rufipennis (DENCRU) Host
* Holsten EH, Thier RW, Schmid JM (1989) The spruce beetle. USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 127, 12 pp.

* Pettit JM, Burton JI, Derose RJ, Long JN, Voelker SL (2019) Epidemic spruce beetle outbreak changes drivers of Engelmann spruce regeneration. Ecosphere 10(11), e02912. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2912

* Ott DS, Fettig CJ, Munson AS, Runyon JB, Ross DW (2021) Physical and chemical characteristics of blue and Engelmann spruce relative to spruce beetle host selection and colonization. Forest Ecology and Management 479, 118577. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118577.
Dendroctonus rufipennis (as Picea) (DENCRU) Host
Dryocoetes confusus (DRYOCN) Host
Gilpinia hercyniae (as Picea) (GILPPO) Host
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Picea) (GREMAB) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Picea) (HETEIR) Host
Ips amitinus (as Picea) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips hauseri (as Picea) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips subelongatus (as Picea) (IPSXFA) Host
Lambdina fiscellaria (LAMBFI) Host
* Natural Resource Canada (2015) Western hemlock looper  https://tidcf.nrcan.gc.ca/en/insects/factsheet/1000002 
-------Lambina fiscellaria lugubrosa 
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Picea) (MONCGA) Host
Monochamus impluviatus (as Picea) (MONCIM) Host
* Pavlovskii EN, Shtakelberg AA (Eds.) (1955) Forest pests. Guide. V 2, p. 422–1097. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow-Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian). 

* Plavilshchikov NN (1958) Monochamus impluviatus Motsch. Siberian speckled sawyer. In Fauna of the USSR. Coleoptera. V. XXIII. Part I. Longhorn Beetles. Part 3. Sub-family Lamiinae. Part I., pp. 526–528. Nauka Publishing House, Leningrad (URSS) (in Russian).  
Monochamus marmorator (as Picea) (MONCMR) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x
Monochamus scutellatus (as Picea) (MONCST) Host
* Monné MA, Nearns EH (2021) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Canada and United States of America. Part IV. Subfamily Lamiinae. https://cerambycids.com/catalog/Monne&Nearns_2021_NearcticCat_part_IV.pdf
Monochamus sutor (as Picea) (MONCSU) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus titillator (as Picea) (MONCTI) Host
* Akbulut S, Stamps WT (2012) Insect vectors of the pinewood nematode: a review of the biology and ecology of Monochamus species. Forest Pathology 42(2), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00733.x

* Duffy EAJ (1960) A monograph of the immature stages of neotropical timber beetles. London: British Museum (Natural History), 327 pp.
Neodiprion abietis (NEODAB) Host
Orgyia pseudotsugata (ORGYPS) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes strobi (PISOST) Host
* Humble LM, Humphreys N, Van Sickle GA (1994) Distribution and hosts of the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Peck), in Canada. pp. 68-75. In AIfaro RI, Kiss G, Fraser RG (eds) The white pine weevil: biology, damage and management. Proceedings of a symposium held January 19-21, 1994 in Richmond, British Columbia. FRDA Report No. 226. 75 pp.
------- breeding host

* Whitehill JGA, Bohlmann J (2019) A molecular and genomic reference system for conifer defence against insects. Plant Cell and Environment 42(10), 2844-2859.
Pristiphora abietina (as Picea) (PRISAB) Host
Sirex ermak (as Picea) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Picea) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Picea) (TETOGR) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Picea) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
------- Living host.
Xylosandrus germanus (as Picea) (XYLBGE) Host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Picea) (BURSMU) Major host
Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (CHMYAR) Major host
Monochamus saltuarius (as Picea) (MONCSL) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Monochamus urussovi (as Picea) (MONCUR) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Picea) (HEMELE) Major host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp

* Maier CT, Lemmon CR, Fengler JM, Schweitzer DF, Reardon RC, (2004) Caterpillars on the Foliage of Conifers in the Northeastern United States. Morgantown, WV. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. FHTET-2004-01. March 2004. 151 p.