EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'(PHYPSO)

Distribution details in Iran

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, no details
Comments
Associated with several diseases: grapevine bois noir, peach yellow leaf roll, potato purple top, tomato big bud and leaf scorch on pistacio.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/114) : found during surveys on phytoplasmas conducted from 2013 to 2015 in vineyards (Vitis vinifera) in the provinces of Qazvin, Lorestan and Markazi.
References
* Allahverdi T, Rahimian H, Babaeizad V (2014) Prevalence and distribution of peach yellow leaf roll in North of Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 96(3), p 603.
------- Isolated from peach trees showing symptoms of yellow leaf roll in the provinces of Mazandaran and Golestan.

* Hosseini P, Bahar M, Madani G, Zirak L (2011) Molecular characterization of phytoplasmas associated with potato purple top disease in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 159(4), 241-246.
------- On potato showing purple top disease, samples had been collected in 2007/2008 from various provinces (Isfahan, Tehran, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari, Kermanshah, Hamadan and East Azerbaijan).

* Mirchenari SM, Massah A, Zirak L (2015) ‘Bois noir’: new phytoplasma disease of grapevine in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research 55(1), 88-93.
------- On grapevine (bois noir) in several central provinces.

* Salehi M, Esmailzadeh hosseini SA (2016) The first report of a 16SrXII-A phytoplasma associated with tomato big bud disease in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology 98(3), p 692.
------ On tomatoes causing big bud symptoms near Kazerun (Fars province).

* Zamharir MG (2016) Association of a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'-related strain with pistachio in Iran. New Disease Reports 34, 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.034.009

* Zamharir MG, Paltrinieri S, Hajivand S, Taheri M, Bertaccini A (2017) Molecular identification of diverse ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma’ species associated with grapevine decline in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 165(7-8), 407-413.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Armenia Present, no details view...
Azerbaijan Present, no details view...
Turkey Present, restricted distribution view...