EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'(PHYPSO)

Distribution details in Bulgaria

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2004/077) : found in 2 potato samples in 2002.

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/167) : found causing bois noir disease of grapevine.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/035) : maize redness occurs in Bulgaria.

Genov et al. (2014) confirms the occurrence of maize reddness in Bulgaria. The first severe outbreak was observed in Kneja (1992), then from Byala Slatina to Pleven (in 2010).

Avramov and Mihaylov (2020): surveys were conducted from 2005 to 2018 on grapevine phytoplasmas, only bois noir was detected.
References
* Avramov Z, Mihaylov M (2019) Spreading of diseases caused by phytoplasma on local and foreign grape varieties grown in Bulgaria from 2005 to 2018. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 25(6), 1175-1190.

* Genov N, Mitrovic, Genov M, Duduk B (2014) First report of corn reddening caused by 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' in Bulgaria. Plant Disease 98(7), p 991.

* Jovic J, Cvrkovic T, Mitrovic M, Krnjanjic S, Petrovic A, Redingbaugh MG, Pratt RC, Hogenhout AS, Tosevski I (2007) Maize redness in Serbia caused by stolbur phytoplasma is transmitted by Reptalus panzeri. Bulletin of Insectology 60(2), 397-398. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/pdfarticles/vol60-2007-397-398jovic.pdf

* NPPO of Bulgaria (2004-05, 2006-09).

* Sakalieva D, Paltrinieri S, Calari A, Bertaccini A (2007) Molecular identification of 'bois noir' phytoplasmas in grapevine in Bulgaria. Bulletin of Insectology 60(2), 153-154.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Greece Present, restricted distribution view...
North Macedonia Present, widespread view...
Romania Absent, pest no longer present view...
Serbia Present, restricted distribution view...
Turkey Present, restricted distribution view...