EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali'(PHYPMA)

Distribution details in Switzerland

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2012: Present, widespread
From CABI Disease map 761 (2013): Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
* Bünter M, Schaerer S (2012) Le Guide arbo d'ACW. Phytoplasmes en arboriculture. Revue Suisse de Viticulture Arboriculture Horticulture 44(1), p 21.
------ Areas affected by apple proliferation (estimations): 10-35% in 'hautes-tiges' orchards; <10% in commercial orchards.

* Cazelles, O. (1984) Revue Suisse de Viticulture, d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture 16 (5), 251-254.

* Jarausch, B.; Schwind, N.; Fuchs, A.; Jarausch, W. (2011) Phytopathology 101 (12), 1471-1480.

* Mayer, C. J.; Jarausch, B.; Jarausch, W.; Jelkmann, W.; Vilcinskas, A.; Gross, J. (2009) Phytopathology 99 (6), 729-738.

* NPPO of Switzerland (1993).

* Schmid, G. (1989) Acta Horticulturae No. 235, 115-119.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Present, restricted distribution view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Germany Present, widespread view...
Italy Present, widespread view...