EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali'(PHYPMA)

Distribution details in Germany

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2011: Present, widespread
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, widespread (2011-06)
From CABI Disease map 761 (2013): Present, widespread
Particularly in the West and the South and not found in northern part of Germany, except in former GDR (1999).

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/013) : outbreak in Sachsen in 2004, which is now under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2009/098) : observed in a company producing apple fruits in Thuringen, infected trees were destroyed.
* Bliefernicht, K.; Krczal, G. (1995) Acta Horticulturae No. 386, 444-447.
------- Rhineland-Palatinate.

* Jarausch, B.; Schwind, N.; Fuchs, A.; Jarausch, W. (2011) Phytopathology 101 (12), 1471-1480.

* Mayer CJ, Jarausch B, Jarausch W, Jelkmann W, Vilcinskas A, Gross J (2009) Cacopsylla melanoneura has no relevance as vector of Apple proliferation in Germany. Phytopathology 99(6), 729-738.

* Mayer, C. J.; Vilcinskas, A.; Gross, J. (2011) Agricultural and Forest Entomology 13 (1), 25-35.

* NPPO of Germany (2005-12, 2009-03, 2011-06).

* Seemuller, E. (1988) Tree mycoplasmas and mycoplasma diseases, 179-192. University of Alberta Press, Edmonton, Canada.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Present, restricted distribution view...
Belgium Present, restricted distribution view...
Czech Republic Present, widespread view...
Denmark Absent, pest no longer present view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Netherlands Present, few occurrences view...
Poland Present, no details view...
Switzerland Present, widespread view...