EPPO Global Database

Momordica charantia(MOMCH)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Cucurbitaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Agrotis segetum (as Cucurbitaceae) (AGROSE) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Aleurodicus dugesii (as Cucurbitaceae) (ALEDDU) Host
Alfalfa mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (AMV000) Host
Anastrepha grandis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ANSTGR) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Aonidiella citrina (as Cucurbitaceae) (AONDCI) Host
Apomecyna binubila (as Cucurbitaceae) (APOMBI) Host
Aulacophora hilaris (as Cucurbitaceae) (AUACHI) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.
------- One record.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.
Baris granulipennis (as Cucurbitaceae) (BARIGR) Host
Beet curly top virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (BCTV00) Host
Bemisia tabaci (as Cucurbitaceae) (BEMITA) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Liquido NJ, Cunnigham RT, Nakagawa S (1990) Host plants of Mediterranean fruit fly on the island of Hawaii (1949-1985 survey). Journal of Economic Entomology 83(5),  1863-1878,
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Circulifer tenellus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CIRCTE) Host
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (CYSDV0) Host
Dacus bivittatus (DACUBI) Host
* Hassani IM, Delatte H, Ravaomanarivo LH, Nouhou S, Duyck PF (2022) Niche partitioning via host plants and altitude among fruit flies following the invasion of Bactrocera dorsalis. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12522
Dacus bivittatus (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUBI) Host
* Hassani IM, Delatte H, Ravaomanarivo LH, Nouhou S, Duyck PF (2022) Niche partitioning via host plants and altitude among fruit flies following the invasion of Bactrocera dorsalis. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12522
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* Drew RAI, Romig MC (2013) Tropical Fruit Flies of South-East Asia. CABI, Wallingford, 653 pp.

* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.

* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.

* White IM (2006) Taxonomy of the Dacina (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Africa and the Middle East. African Entomology Memoir 2, 156 pp.
Delia platura (as Cucurbitaceae) (HYLEPL) Host
Diaphania indica (as Cucurbitaceae) (DPHNIN) Host
Diaporthe sclerotioides (as Cucurbitaceae) (PHOPSC) Host
Epilachna elaterii (as Cucurbitaceae) (EPILCH) Host
Frankliniella occidentalis (as Cucurbitaceae) (FRANOC) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Adlerz WC (1980) Ecological observations on two leafhoppers that transmit the Pierce’s disease bacteria. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 93, 115-120.
------- Adults  were observed on this plant.
Leptoglossus australis (as Cucurbitaceae) (LEPLAU) Host
Liriomyza bryoniae (as Cucurbitaceae) (LIRIBO) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* Foba CN, Salifu D, Lagat ZO, Gitonga LM, Akutse KS, Fiaboe KKM (2015) Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Ciptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology 44(2), 223-232.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Tran DH (2009) Agromyzid leaf miners and their parasitoids on vegetables in Central Vietnam. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences 15(2), 21-33.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in commercial vegetable fields
Megalurothrips usitatus (MEGTUS) Host
* Reyes CP (1994) Thysanoptera (Hexapoda) of the Philippine Islands. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 42(2), 107-507.

* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Myiopardalis pardalina (as Cucurbitaceae) (CARYPA) Host
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Pratylenchus coffeae (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRATCO) Host
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (RALSPS) Host
* Pan ZC, Xu J, Prior P, Xu JS, Zhang H, Chen KY, Tian Q, Zhang LQ, Liu L, He LY, Feng J (2013) Development of a specific molecular tool for the detection of epidemiologically active mulberry causing-disease strains of Ralstonia solanacearum phylotype I (historically race 5-biovar 5) in China. European journal of plant pathology 137(2), 377-391.

* Xu J, Pan ZC, Prior P, Xu JS, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Zhang LQ, He LY, Feng J (2009) Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from China. European Journal of Pathology 125(4), 641-653.
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Host
* Pan ZC, Xu J, Prior P, Xu JS, Zhang H, Chen KY, Tian Q, Zhang LQ, Liu L, He LY, Feng J (2013) Development of a specific molecular tool for the detection of epidemiologically active mulberry causing-disease strains of Ralstonia solanacearum phylotype I (historically race 5-biovar 5) in China. European journal of plant pathology 137(2), 377-391.

* Xu J, Pan ZC, Prior P, Xu JS, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Zhang LQ, He LY, Feng J (2009) Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from China. European Journal of Pathology 125(4), 641-653.
Rotylenchulus reniformis (as Cucurbitaceae) (ROTYRE) Host
Spodoptera litura (as Cucurbitaceae) (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.
Squash mosaic virus (as Cucurbitaceae) (SQMV00) Host
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Kajita H, Hirose Y, Takagi M, Okajima S, Napompeth B, Buranapanichpan S (1996) Host plants and abundance of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important pest of vegetables in Southeast Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology 31(1), 87-94,

* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.
Thrips setosus (THRISE) Host
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Shakeel MT, Al‐Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al‐Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99, 415–421. http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v99i2.3860
------- confirmed host
Zeugodacus cucumis (DACUCM) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCU) Host
Bactrocera latifrons (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Melon yellow spot virus (MYSVV0) Major host
Serratia marcescens (as Cucurbitaceae) (SERRMA) Major host
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major host
* Tahir M, Haider MS (2005) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting bitter gourd in Pakistan. Plant Pathology, 54: 807-807. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01215.x
----- confirmed host.
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Major host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Zeugodacus cucumis (as Cucurbitaceae) (DACUCM) Wild/Weed