EPPO Global Database

Medicago sativa(MEDSA)

Pests

Organism Type
Agrotis segetum (AGROSE) Host
Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV000) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Girsova NV, Bottner-Parker KD, Bogoutdinov DZ, Kastalyeva TB, Meshkov YI, Mozhaeva KA, Lee IM (2017) Diverse phytoplasmas associated with leguminous crops in Russia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 149, 599–610.

* Starović M, Kuzmanović S, Gavrilović V, Aleksić G, Popović T, Stojanović S, Jošić D (2012) Detection and identification of two phytoplasmas (16SrIII‐B and 16SrXII‐A) from alfalfa (Medicago sativa) in Serbia. Journal of Phytopathology 160, 758-760.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii' (PHYPTR) Host
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (CHRXER) Host
Clavibacter insidiosus (as Medicago) (CORBIN) Host
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV0) Host
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Host
* Harveson RM, Schwartz HF, Urrea CA, Yonts CD (2015) Bacterial wilt of dry-edible beans in the central high plains of the U.S.: past, present, and future. Plant Disease 99, 1665–1677.
------- When grown in rotation with infected dry bean crops.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Larval and adult host.
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dickeya chrysanthemi (ERWICH) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Neunzig HH (1979) Systematics of immature Phycitines (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) associated with leguminous plants in the Southern United States. USDA Technical Bulletin no. 1589, 126 pp.
Epichoristodes acerbella (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (TORTPO) Host
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Hill RE, Tate AD (1942) Life history and habits of potato flea beetle in Western Nebraska. Journal of Economic Entomology 35, 879-884.
------- feeding of adults

* Hoerner JL & Gillette CP (1928) The potato flea beetle. Colorado Experiment Station. Entomology Section. Bulletin 337. 
------- feeding of adults

* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis (FUSAAL) Host
* Djerbi M, El Ghorfi A, El Idrissi Ammari MA (1985) Etude du comportement du henné Lawsonia inermis et de la luzerne Medicago sativa et quelques espèces de palmacées vis-à-vis du Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis, agent causal du bayoud. Annales de l'Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie 58, 1-11.
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Hishimonus phycitis (HISHPH) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Hoddle MS, Triapitsyn SV, Morgan DJW (2003) Distribution and plant association records for Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 86(1), 89-91.
Hypera postica (HYPRPO) Host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
Listronotus bonariensis (HYROBO) Host
Lobesia botrana (POLYBO) Host
Lucerne enation virus (LEV000) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.

* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne naasi (MELGNA) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* González (1989) Insectos y acaros de importancia agricola y cuarentenaria en Chile. Universidad de Chile: 310 pp
------- confirmed host.

* Lanteri A, del Río MG (2017) Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) species group (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Naupactini): a comprehensive taxonomic treatment. Journal of Natural History 51, 27-28.

* Sinavimo (2019) Naupactus xanthographus Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Available at: https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/naupactus-xanthographus
------- causing damage on buds, leaves.
Nysius huttoni (NYSIHU) Host
Omophlus lepturoides (OMOPLE) Host
Pectobacterium rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Zhang ZF, Shi SL, Su J (2018) First report of pink seed of lucerne caused by Erwinia rhapontici in China. Plant Disease 102(6), p 1171.
------- On lMedicago sativa seeds imported from Canada.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
Popillia japonica (POPIJA) Host
* Fleming WE (1972) Biology of the Japanese beetle. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, USDA no 1449, 129 pp.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
Scirtothrips citri (SCITCI) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Poveda BD, Schwitzer DA (1964) Estudio biológico del Prodenia ornithogalli Guen. y del Prodenia sunia (Guen.) en três hospedeiros. Acta Agronômica 14(1), 71-101.

* Roberts SJ, Mellors WK, Armbrust EJ (1977) Parasites of lepidopterous larvae in alfalfa and soybeans in central Illinois. Great Lakes Entomologist 10(3), 87-93.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Soteres KM, Berberet RC, McNew RW (1984) Parasitic insects associated with lepidopterous herbivores on alfalfa in Oklahoma. Environmental Entomology 13(3), 787-793.

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Host
* Berry RE (1998) Western yellowstriped armyworm. Spodoptera praefica. Insects and Mites or Economic Importance in the Northwest. Oregon State University Bookstore, p 221 (online modified version). http://uspest.org/potato/wystriparmyworm.pdf

* Bisabri-Ershadi B, Ehler LE (1981) Natural biological control of western yellow-striped armyworm, Spodoptera praefica (Grote), in hay alfalfa in northern California. Hilgardia 49(5), 1-23.

* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27

* Miller JC, Ehler LE (1978) Parasitization of Spodoptera praefica larvae in hay alfalfa. Environmental Entomology 7(5), 744-747.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Summers CG (1989) Effect of selected pests and multiple pest complexes on alfalfa productivity and stand persistence.  Journal of Economic Entomology 82(6), 1782-1791.
Thrips angusticeps (THRIAN) Host
Thrips imaginis (THRIIM) Host
Tobacco streak virus (TSV000) Host
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Host
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
------- As X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex.
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex (XYLEFM) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
Acyrthosiphon kondoi (ACYRKO) Major host
Camptopus lateralis (CAMSLA) Major host
Clavibacter insidiosus (CORBIN) Major host
Ditylenchus dipsaci (DITYDI) Major host
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Major host
Gonioctena fornicata (GONCFO) Major host
* Baris A, Yücel C, Gök N (2021) [Distribution, density and population monitoring of Gonioctena fornicata (Brüggemann, 1873) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in lucerne fields of Bolu, Zonguldak and Bartın provinces]. Bitki Koruma Bülteni 61(1), 15-20 (in Turkish).

* Brovdii VM (1976) [The lucerne leaf-beetle (Gonioctena fornicata Bruggm.) - a serious pest of lucerne in the south-western regions of the European part of the Soviet Union]. Dopovidi Akademii Nauk Ukrains'koi RSR, B No.5, .457-459 (abst).

* Petanec DI, Micu LM, Bizau G, Cotuna O (2015) Study on the evolution of the Coleoptera in the alfalfa crop in the Sag - Timiş. Research Journal of Agricultural Science 47(1), 153-158.
Lucerne Australian symptomless virus (LASV00) Major host
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Major host
* Brinkman H, Goossens JJM & van Riel HR (1996) Comparative host suitability of selected crop plants to Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Planzenschutz, Umweltschutz 69, 127-129.
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Major host
* Lanteri AA, Marvaldi AE (1995) Graphognathus Buchanan: a new synonym of Naupactus Dejean and systematics of the N. leucoloma species group. Coleopterists Bulletin 49, 206-228.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Major host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Major host
* Abdel-Salam FA, Elbadry EA, Abo Elghar MR, Hassan SM, Asal MA (1971) The effect of four host plants on the pupal development and adult fecundity of the cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 68(3), 326-330.

* El-Khayat EF, Dahi HF, Tawfik MM, El-Shewy M (2020) Effect of different host plants on the different haemocyte counts and haemocyte viability of larvae of Spodoptera littoralis and Agrotis ipsilon. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 13(4), 57-63.
Verticillium albo-atrum lucerne strains (VERTAL) Major host
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV00) Wild/Weed
* Orfanidou C, Baltzi A, Dimou NA, Katis NI, Maliogka VI (2017) Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus: insights into its natural host range, genetic variability, and transmission parameters. Plant Disease 101(12), 2023-2058.