EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'(LIBEPS)

Distribution details in New Zealand

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2008
From CABI Disease map 1098 (2016): Present, widespread
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2009/089) : first observed causing a new disease of glasshouse tomatoes in Auckland in January 2008. Later found on capsicum and potatoes causing symptoms similar to 'Zebra chip'. The presence of the putative vector, Bactericera cokerelli was discovered in 2006 in Auckland, and it is now established throughout the North Island and the northern part of the South Island.

Mixed infection of 'Ca. L. solanacearum' and 'Ca. Phytoplasma australiense' were detected in potatoes in 2009 in the Waikato region (Liefting et al., 2009).

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/137) : detected in Solanum pseudocapsicum and Datura stramonium.
References
* Biosecurity Australia (2009) Draft pest risk analysis report for ‘Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous’ in fresh fruit, potato tubers, nursery stock and its vector the tomato-potato psyllid. Biosecurity Australia, Canberra, 110 pp. http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/1108691/Candidatus_Liberibacter_psyllaurous_draft_PRA_20090506.pdf

* Liefting LW, Perez-Egusquiza, Clover GRG, Anderson JAD (2008) A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in Solanum tuberosum in New Zealand. Plant Disease 92(10), p 1474.

* Liefting LW, Ward LI, Shiller JB, Clover GRG (2008) A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in Solanum betaceum (tamarillo) and Physalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) in New Zealand. Plant Disease 92(11), p 1588.

* Liefting LW, Veerakone S, Ward LI, Clover GRG (2009) First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' in potato. Plant Disease 93(9), p 969.

* Pitman AR, Drayton GM, Kraberger SJ, Genet RA, Scott IA (2011) Tuber transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' and its association with zebra chip on potato in New Zealand. European Journal of Plant Pathology 129(3), 389-398.

* Vereijssen J, Taylor NM, Barnes AM, Thompson SE, Logan DP, Butler RC, Yen AL, Finlay KJ (2015) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' in Jerusalem cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum) and thorn-apple (Datura stramonium) in New Zealand. New Disease Reports 32, 1. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2015.032.001]