EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus'(LIBEAS)

Distribution details in United States of America

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2005
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some areas and subject to official control to limit its spread in the United States (2017-04)
From CABI Disease map 766 (2012): Present, restricted distribution
First found in the USA in 2005. Huanglongbing was only present in Florida until 2008, when it started to be detected in other states. According to USDA (2020), found throughout Georgia, Florida, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands and in portions of California, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Texas. Under official control to prevent any further spread.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/082) : first found in 2005 in Miami-Dade county on a few trees of Citrus maxima. Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/118) : in 12 counties in June 2006, in private properties and commercial orchards.

EPPO Reporting Service (2008/118) : first report in Louisiana, under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2009/086) : first report in South Carolina, under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/074) : first reports in Texas and California, under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/133) : found in plant material taken from a kumquat (Fortunella japonica) tree located in a residential area near San Gabriel, Los Angeles county (California).

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/119) : first report in Alabama, under official control.
- Alabama Department of Agriculture & Industries. Press release of 2017-06-20. Citrus greening plant disease detected in Alabama. http://agi.alabama.gov/s/press-release's/citrus-greening-plant-disease-detected-in-alabama
- California Department of Food and Agriculture. News Release of 2012-03-30. Citrus disease huanglongbing detected in Hacienda Heights areas of Los Angeles county. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/egov/Press_Releases/Press_Release.asp?PRnum=12-013
- News Release of 2015-07-10. Citrus disease huanglongbing detected in San Gabriel are of Los Angeles country. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/egov/Press_Releases/Press_Release.asp?PRnum=15-031

* NAPPO Phytosanitary Alert System. Official Pest Reports.
- USA (2019-10-25) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ (Citrus Greening): APHIS Expands the Quarantined Area in California, Texas, and Louisiana. https://www.pestalerts.org/official-pest-report/candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-citrus-greening-aphis-expands-quarantined-1
- USA (2017-04-19) Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Citrus Greening) - Quarantined Area Expanded in Louisiana http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=708
- USA (2014-10-30) Citrus Greening (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) - Quarantined Area Expanded in Texas. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=605
- USA (2014-08-28) APHIS Expands the Citrus Greening (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) Quarantined Area in Texas. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=596
- USA (2014-05-22) Citrus Greening (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) – Quarantine area expanded in Texas. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=585
- USA (2012-01-20) APHIS Confirms Citrus Greening (Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus) in Texas. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=512
- USA (2009-06-22) Confirmation of Citrus Greening in Chatham County, Georgia - United States http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail_print.cfm?oprid=382
- USA (2009-04-13) Confirmation of citrus greening in Charleston County, South Carolina. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=373
- USA (2008-06-13) Confirmation of Huanglongbing or citrus greening (‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’) in Louisiana - United States http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=321

- Citrus greening. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/plant-pest-and-disease-programs/pests-and-diseases/citrus/citrus-greening
- Press release of 2005-09-02. US Department of Agriculture and Florida Department of Agriculture confirm detection of citrus greening. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/news/2005/09/greening_ppq.html
- New Federal Restrictions to Prevent Movement of Citrus Greening. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/ep/citrus_greening/pdf_files/spro2005-30.pdf

* Wang N, Trivedi P (2013) Citrus huanglongbing: a newly relevant disease presents unprecedented challenges. Phytopathology 103(7), 652-665.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Mexico Present, restricted distribution view...