EPPO Global Database

Lactuca sativa(LACSA)

Pests

Organism Type
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental
* Correia ECSS, Silva N, Costa MGS, Wilcken SRS (2015) Reproduction of Meloidogyne enterolobii in lettuce cultivars of the American group. Horticultura Brasileira 33(2): 147-150. DOI - http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-053620150000200002
------- confirmed host, inoculation study.
Potato black ringspot virus (PBRSV0) Experimental
* Salazar LF, Harrison BD (1978) Host range and properties of potato black ringspot virus. Annals of Applied Biology 90, 375-386.
------- PBRSV.
Stagonosporopsis chrysanthemi (MYCOLG) Experimental
Arabis mosaic virus (ARMV00) Host
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (PHYPAS) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Kumari S, Nagendran K, Rai AB, Singh B, Rao GP, Bertaccini (2019) Global status of phytoplasma diseases in vegetable crops. Frontiers in Microbiology 10, 1349.
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV0) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Epilachna elaterii (EPILCH) Host
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Host
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Neilson CL, Finlayson DG (1953) Notes on the biology of the tuber flea beetle, Epitrix tuberis Gentner (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in the interior of British Colombia. The Canadian Entomologist 85:31-32.
------- feeding of adults
Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV00) Host
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Hardwick DF (1965) The corn earworm complex. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 97, 5–247.
Heteronychus arator (HETRAR) Host
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Host
* Beris D, Malandraki I, Kektsidou O, Vassilakos N, Varveri C (2020) First report of impatiens necrotic spot virus infecting lettuce in Greece. Plant Disease 104(10), p 2742.
------- Confirmed host.

* Hasegawa DK, Hladky LJ, Wintermantel WM, Putman AI, Barman AK, Slinski S, Palumbo J, Poudel B (2022) First report of Impatiens necrotic spot virus Infecting lettuce in Arizona and Southern desert regions of California. Plant Disease. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-21-2118-PDN

* Koike ST, Kuo Y-W, Rojas MR, Gilbertson RL (2008) First report of Impatiens necrotic spot virus infecting lettuce in California. Plant Disease 92(8), p 1248.
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Host
* Andersen A, Tran TTA, Nordhus E (2008) Distribution and importance of polyphagous Liriomyza species (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in vegetables in Vietnam. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 55, 149-164.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Tran DH (2009) Agromyzid leaf miners and their parasitoids on vegetables in Central Vietnam. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences 15(2), 21-33.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in commercial vegetable fields
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
* Andersen A, Tran TTA, Nordhus E (2008) Distribution and importance of polyphagous Liriomyza species (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in vegetables in Vietnam. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 55, 149-164.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.
Lissachatina fulica (ACHAFU) Host
* Thiengo SC, Faraco FA, Salgado NC, Cowie RH, Fernandez MA (2007) Rapid spread of an invasive snail in South America: the giant African snail, Achatina fulica, in Brasil. Biological Invasions 9, 693-702.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cultivars tested showed variable host status from poor host (cvs. Bt Ivanka, Iceberg), good host (cvs. Bt Iri Kivircik, Tereyagli Kivircik) to excellent host (cv Kislik Kivircik). However, cvs Bt Ivanka and Iceberg were found to be good hosts when inoculated with another M. luci isolate.
Nacobbus aberrans (NACOBA) Host
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Chadwick CF (1965) Checklist of the Brachyderinae (Col. Curculionidae) occurring in Australia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Australia (NSW) 2, 21-34.
Otala lactea (OTALLA) Host
Phaedon brassicae (PHAEBR) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cryptogea (PHYTCR) Host
* Koike ST, Stanghellini H, Burkhardt A (2021) First report of Phytophthora root rot caused by Phytophthora cryptogea on field-grown lettuce in California. Plant Disease 105(8), 2257.
Pseudomonas cichorii (PSDMCI) Host
* Patel N, Patel R, Wyenandt CA, Kobayashi DY (2021) First Report of Pseudomonas cichorii Causing Bacterial Leaf Spot on Romaine Lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. longifolia) and Escarole (Cichorium endivia) in New Jersey. Plant disease 105(12), 4150.
Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (PSDMMS) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (ROTYRE) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Debolt JW, Wolf WW, Henneberry TJ, Vail PV (1979) Evaluation of light traps and sex pheromone for control of cabbage looper and other lepidopterous insect pests of lettuce. Technical Bulletin, Science and Education Administration, USDA no. 1606, 39 pp.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Tietz HM (1972) An index to the described life histories, early stages and hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the continental United States and Canada, 536 pp.
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Duran IC, Mesa NC, Estrada EI (1999) [Life cyle of Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and host plant registered in the Cauca Valley]. Revista Colombiana de Entomologia 25(3/4), 109-120 (in Spanish).

* Elizondo AI, Murguido CA, Pérez I, Piedra F, Peña E, Martínez M, Martell M, de los Ángeles Fernández M, Sariol H, Rodríguez S, Jiménez R, Granda G, Palacios F (2003) Thrips palmi Karny en la agricultura cubana. Fitosanidad 7(2), 1-9.
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV00) Host
* Zarzyńska‐Nowak A, Hasiów‐Jaroszewska B, Budzyńska D, Trzmiel K (2020) Genetic variability of Polish tomato black ring virus isolates and their satellite RNAs. Plant Pathology 69(8), 1034– 1041. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13188
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Orfanidou CG, Dimitriou C, Papayiannis LC, Maliogka VI, Katis NI (2014) Epidemiology and genetic diversity of criniviruses associated with tomato yellows disease in Greece. Virus Res. 186, 120–129.
------- confirmed host
Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV00) Host
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Host
* Anfoka GH, Abhary MK (2007) Occurrence of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV) in Jordan. EPPO Bulletin 37, 186–190.
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae (FUSALC) Major host
Lettuce chlorosis virus (LCV000) Major host
* Duffus JE, Liu HY, Wisler GC, Li R (1996) Lettuce chlorosis virus — A new whitefly-transmitted closterovirus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102, 591–596.
Lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV00) Major host
Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV000) Major host
Lettuce necrotic leaf curl virus (LNLCV0) Major host
* Verbeek M, Dullemans AM, van Raaij HMG, Verhoeven JTJ, van der Vlugt RAA (2014) Lettuce necrotic leaf curl virus, a new plant virus infecting lettuce and a proposed member of the genus Torradovirus. Archives of Virology 159, 801–805
Liriomyza bryoniae (LIRIBO) Major host
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Major host
* Mujica M, Kroschel J (2011) Leafminer fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) occurrence, distribution, and parasitoid associations in field and vegetable crops along the Peruvian coast. Environmental Entomology 40, 217-230.

* Rauf A, Shepard BM, Johnson MW (2000) Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: Surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46, 257-266.
------- confirmed host. Reared from infested leaves collected in the field

* Shiao SF (2004) Morphological diagnosis of six Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) of quarantine importance in Taiwan. Applied Entomology and Zoology 39, 27-39.
------- from collection specimen

* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Major host
* den Nijs LJMF, Brinkman H  & van der Sommen ATC (2004) A Dutch contribution to knowledge on phytosanitary risk and host status of various crops for Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 and M. fallax Karssen, 1996: an overview. Nematology 6, 303-312. 
Nemorimyza maculosa (AMAZMA) Major host
* Spencer KA (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica Volume 9. Dr. W. Junk B.V. The Hague, The Netherlands. 418 pp.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Major host
* Dimetry NZ (1972) Further studies on the host plant preference of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepid., Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 71(4), 350-355 (abst.).

* El-Khayat EF, Dahi HF, Tawfik MM, El-Shewy M (2020) Effect of different host plants on the different haemocyte counts and haemocyte viability of larvae of Spodoptera littoralis and Agrotis ipsilon. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 13(4), 57-63.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.