EPPO Global Database

Heterobasidion irregulare(HETEIR)

Distribution details in Italy

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2013: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1944
EPPO Reporting Service (2013/210) : introduced from North America during the second world war, now widespread along the coastal pine stands of Lazio region (approx. along 103 km from Fregene in the north to San Felice Circeo in the South). Also detected in historical gardens in Rome (Villas Ada, Borghese, Diria-Pamphili). Often associated with significant mortality of Pinus pinea trees.
* EPPO (2015) Pest Risk Analysis for Heterobasidion irregulare. EPPO, Paris, 87 pp.
------- Contains a details map of the distribution in Italy (Lazio region).

* Gonthier P, Anselmi N, Capretti P, Bussotti F et al. (2011) A comprehensive approach to study the impact and the epidemiology of the invasive forest pathogen heterobasidion irregulare in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 93(4 suppl.), S4.34.

* Gonthier P, Lione G, Giordano L, Garbelotto M (2012) GIS-based analysis indicates that the exotic pine-associated forest pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare may colonize broadleaf stands in Italy. Journal o Plant Pathology 64(suppl.), S4.48.

* Gonthier P, Warner R, Nicolotti G, Mazzaglia A, Garbelotto M (2004) Pathogen introduction as a collateral effect of military activity. Mycological Research 108(5), 467-470.
------ First report in Italy.

* Scirè M, D’Amico L, Motta E, Annesi T (2008) North American P type of Heterobasidion annosum shows pathogenicity towards Pinus halepensis in Italy. Forest Pathology 38, 299-301.
------- Also found pathogenic to P. halepensis (causing root rot).